Credit mechanisms

Xem 1-20 trên 56 kết quả Credit mechanisms
  • Tham khảo sách 'beyond micro credit', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, tự động hoá phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf386p nt18104 21-05-2013 29 18   Download

  • Consumer access to credit, housing, insurance, basic utility services, and even employment is increasingly determined by centralized records of credit history and automated interpretations of those records. Credit histories in one form or another have long been an important factor in decisions to extend or deny credit to consumers 1 . Historically, such decisions required a skilled, human evaluation of the information in an applicant’ s credit history to determine the likelihood that the applicant would repay a future loan in a timely manner.

    pdf32p enterroi 01-02-2013 21 5   Download

  • According to Strabo, a water powered mill was built in Kaberia of the kingdom of Mithridates during the 1st century BC. Use of water wheels in mills spread throughout the Roman Empire over the next few centuries. Some were quite complex, with aqueducts, dams, and sluices to maintain and channel the water, along with systems of gears, or toothed-wheels made of wood and metal to regulate the speed of rotation. In a poem by Ausonius in the 4th century AD, he mentions a stone-cutting saw powered by water. Hero of Alexandria is credited with many such wind and steam powered...

    pdf623p khangoc239 10-08-2012 17 4   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'report to congress on the fair credit reporting act dispute process', tài chính - ngân hàng, ngân hàng - tín dụng phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The main goal of our estimation is to study the industry incidence of tax evasion. We Önd a high tax evasion multiple for doctors, engineers, private tutors, Önancial services agents, accountants, and lawyers, consistently across di§erent credit models. We turn to making sense of the industry distribution. We Önd no evidence that the govern- ment is subsidizing either areas of local economic growth or industries o§ering apprentice-like training to unskilled workers.

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  • JFRAC received a total of 17 surveys from member authorities, representing 26 separate agencies from 12 different countries, as well as five responses describing international frameworks. A list of survey respondents is set forth in Appendix 4. This report is intended to serve as a stocktaking of member authorites’ use of credit ratings.

    pdf46p enterroi 01-02-2013 17 3   Download

  • Child Tax Credit and Working Tax Credit help to support families with children and working people on low incomes. Child Tax Credit supports families with children and young persons aged from 16 but under 20 years old. You can claim whether or not you are in work. All families with children, with income of up to £58,000 a year (or up to £66,000 a year if there is a child under one year old), can claim the credit in the same way. Working Tax Credit supports working people (whether employed or self-employed) on low incomes by topping up earnings. Child Tax Credit and...

    pdf24p enter1cai 12-01-2013 36 1   Download

  • International credit, defined here as foreign currency and cross-border credit, can pose particular risks to an economy that is experiencing rapid domestic credit growth. Financial crises in the past two decades have often followed periods of rapid credit expansion accompanied by buoyant asset prices in equity and real estate. In Asia, these risks became evident in the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98. More recently, the countries most affected by the global financial crisis have demonstrated these risks anew.

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  • Rapid expansion in international credit bears watching because, in many boom-bust credit cycles in the past, such credit tended to grow faster than overall credit during the boom.5 We illustrate this broad finding with data from several European countries that have suffered credit booms and busts since 2000. Then, we draw a parallel with countries that were caught up in the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. By international credit, we refer to three components of total bank credit, the first two of which are types of cross-border credit.

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  • Data by country reveal that, despite the severity of the recent global financial crisis, bank credit contracted in only a handful of individual economies. When bank credit includes credit to governments in each country, as in Graph A, our estimates indicate that Estonia, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania and Luxembourg experienced outright contractions in bank credit to non-bank borrowers between Q2 2008 and Q2 2011.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'insurance credit and technology adoption', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, tự động hoá phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf33p nt18104 18-05-2013 10 1   Download

  • Over the past decades, investors, regulators, and industry self-regulatory bodies have forced banks, other financial institutions, and insurance companies to develop organizational structures and processes for the management of credit, market, and operational risk. Risk management became a hot topic for many institutions, as a means of increasing shareholder value and demonstrating the willingness and capability of top management to handle this issue.

    pdf746p transang4 01-10-2012 86 36   Download

  • The automotive industry is experiencing a considerable “stress period”, which can lead to important changes in the whole industry. Many aspects contribute to this situation, starting from the global recession (unemployment rates, slowing growth, etc.) to credit meltdown (dependency of car sales on credit, OEM refi nancing, etc.) and fi nishing with globalization aspects (global sourcing, foreign investments, etc.) and “green challenges” (both for the industry and the fi nal products)....

    pdf0p 123859674 04-07-2012 43 12   Download

  • Over the past decades, investors, regulators, and industry self-regulatory bodies have forced banks, other financial institutions, and insurance companies to develop organizational structures and processes for the management of credit, market, and operational risk. Risk management became a hot topic for many institutions, as a means of increasing shareholder value and demonstrating the willingness and capability of top management to handle this issue.

    pdf578p transang4 01-10-2012 37 12   Download

  • It is difficult to discern exposures from institutions’ reported credit market posi- tions. Indeed, common data sources such as annual reports and regulatory filings record accounting measures on a large and diverse number of credit market instruments. Ac- counting measures are not necessarily comparable across positions. For example, the economic value of two loans with the same book value but different maturities will react quite differently to changes in interest rates. At the same time, many instruments are close substitutes and thus entail essentially the same market risk.

    pdf101p taisaovanchuavo 23-01-2013 37 9   Download

  • The research is designed for developing the pilot small-scale clean development mechanism bundled project activities in Vietnam electricity/ energy sector. Its overall purpose is to assess the potential of rice husk - fuelled bio-power development projects in Mekong delta.

    pdf0p hailedangbs 02-05-2013 33 7   Download

  • Although social funds projects started with the short-term emergency objective, they are increasingly incorporating longer term service deliv- ery and capacity-building goals. The Portfolio Review found that around 80 percent of recent social funds projects, that is, those approved in fis- cal years 1994–96, had long-term objectives. As the objectives of social funds projects evolve over time, their design and implementation need to change as well. The yardsticks used to monitor performance should reflect evolving objectives.

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  • The questionnaire requested information on the definitions (either internal or via cross- reference to an external source) of “credit ratings,” “credit rating agencies,” or any related terms as well as any references to specific credit rating agencies in LRSPs. Member authorities were also asked questions regarding the usage of credit ratings and/or references to credit rating agencies (or, in either case, related terms) 3 in their LRSPs, including an explanation of what each LRSP was designed to accomplish and the purpose of using credit ratings in the LRSP.

    pdf73p enterroi 01-02-2013 27 4   Download

  • Growing linkages between MFIs and the banking system in Africa appear to be mutually beneficial. MFIs rely on banks for a variety of services, including deposit facilities, liquidity management services, and in some cases, emergency credit lines to cover cash shortfalls. For banks, the benefits are the opportunity to expand their client base through MFIs, and to expand their operations through the network of MFIs (including in the rural sector).

    pdf24p machuavo 19-01-2013 15 4   Download

  • To determine why some teachers are more effective than others, Bosshardt and Watts (1990) investigated teacher effects on student learning in high school economics classes using fixed- and random-effects models. The teacher characteristics they examined included college credits in economics, non-credit workshops in economics, years of teaching experience, and the extent of teachers’ past instruction in economics. They found that the most effective teachers were those who had completed more courses in economics.

    pdf26p trinhcaidat 19-04-2013 23 4   Download

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