Xem 1-20 trên 20 kết quả Creditworthiness
  • A mortgage is a form of debt that finances investment in property The debt is secured by the property. The mortgage is the difference between the down payment and the value to be paid for the property. Financial institutions such as savings institutions and mortgage companies originate mortgages. They accept mortgage applications and assess the creditworthiness of the applicants. The mortgage contract specifies the mortgage rate, the maturity, and the collateral that is backing the loan. The originator charges an origination fee.

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  • 328 Planning and Forecasting an arrangement would be disastrous to Brad, since the IRS would currently assess income tax to Brad on such an arrangement, using the much criticized “economic benefit” doctrine. Under this theory, monies irrevocably set aside for Brad grant him an economic benefit (presumably by improving his net worth or otherwise improving his creditworthiness) upon which he must pay tax.

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  • The purpose of this chapter is to outline a comprehensive framework for financial statement analysis. Because financial statements provide the most widely available data on public corporations’ economic activities, investors and other stakeholders rely on financial reports to assess the plans and performance of firms and corporate managers. A variety of questions can be addressed by business analysis using financial statements, as shown in the following examples: • A security analyst may be interested in asking: “How well is the firm I am following performing?...

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  • The increased speed at which underwriting decisions can be made has created pressure to complete credit applications more quickly. Some contend that the combination of this increased pace and the increased ability to customize the price charged based on credit allows lenders to approve a larger share of consumers for loans, but not necessarily at the best rates for which they qualify.

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  • The reverse is true of collection agencies, which provide information to the repositories, but do not use credit data to evaluate consumer creditworthiness, although they may use information in credit reports to locate debtors. Repositories also obtain information by requesting it from public records and government entities and when certain government entities report directly to the repositories, such as for delinquent child or family support payments, unpaid parking tickets, or overpayments of unemployment benefits.

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  • Therefore, a sub-fund entering into OTC transactions will be subject to the risk that its direct counterparty will not perform its obligations under the transactions and that a sub-fund will sustain losses. The Company will only enter into transactions with counterparties which it believes to be creditworthy, and may reduce the exposure incurred in connection with such transactions through the receipt of letters of credit or collateral from certain counterparties.

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  • The Committee evaluated the impact of its regulatory regimes on trade finance for low income countries. For those countries, confirmed letters of credit are of specific importance. Confirmed letters of credit provide exporters with additional protection against any losses incurred from importers’ and issuing banks’ failure to meet their obligations of payments.

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  • At the same time, you’ll work with the analysts to increase return. That means that you’ll concentrate on the creditworthiness of the issuers of both commercial paper and CDs,which offer higher yields. You’re probably going to try to buy as many of these issues as possible—assuming that the analysts can verify that the investments are high quality. Your fund has the flexibility to invest in a wide range of securities, and your competitors are doing just that, looking for higher returns.

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  • However, it is important to note that while the major credit rating agencies are a major source of creditworthiness for bond investors, they are far from the only potential source. A few smaller rating fifi rms—notably KMV, Egan-Jones, and Lace Financial, all of which had “investor pays” business models—were able to survive, despite the absence of NRSRO designations (although KMV was absorbed by Moody’s in 2002). Some bond mutual funds do their own research, as do some hedge funds.

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  • The prospect of Stability Bonds could potentially alleviate the current sovereign debt crisis, as the high-yield Member States could benefit from the stronger creditworthiness of the low-yield Member States. Even if the introduction of Stability Bonds could take some time (see Section 2), prior agreement on common issuance could have an impact on market expectations and thereby lower average and marginal funding costs for those Member States currently facing funding pressures.

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  • Supporters of credit scoring note that credit scores have statistical validity, and are predictive of repayment behavior for large populations. However, this does not mean that credit data are error free, nor that credit scoring models are perfect predictors of individual creditworthiness; it only means that they work on average. While the systems do present an accurate risk profile of a large numbers of consumers, data users who manage large numbers of accounts priced by credit risk have a greater tolerance for errors in credit scoring systems than consumers do.

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  • In essence, a credit rating reflects a rating agency’s opinion, as of a specific date, of the creditworthiness of a particular company, security, or obligation. For almost a century, credit rating agencies have been providing opinions on the creditworthiness of issuers of securities and their financial obligations. During this time, the importance of these opinions to investors and other market participants, and the influence of these opinions on the securities markets, have increased significantly.

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  • During the past 30 years, regulators, including the Commission, have increasingly used credit ratings to help monitor the risk of investments held by regulated entities, and to provide an appropriate disclosure framework for securities of differing risks. Since 1975, the Commission has relied on ratings by market-recognized credible rating agencies for distinguishing among grades of creditworthiness in various regulations under the federal securities laws.

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  • A small minority of respondents indicated that their LRSPs include an explicit definition of the term “ECAI.” For instance, under the Australian prudential standards, an ECAI is defined as “an entity that assigns credit ratings designed to measure the creditworthiness of a counterparty or certain types of debt obligations of a counterparty.” The majority of respondents indicated that their LRSPs reference specific credit rating agencies. All but one of those respondents mentioned Moody’s Investors Service, Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, and Fitch Ratings.

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  • In the Basel II framework, external ratings are used for the purpose of enhancing the risk sensitivity of the framework, for example, by being incorporated into assessments of the credit quality of an exposure or creditworthiness of a counterparty – and thus the imposition of capital requirements. External ratings are primarily used under the standardised approach for credit risk, 10 but also to risk-weight securitisations exposures.

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  • By encouraging these lending practices, usury ceilings may fail to give consumers the protection and benefits that they were intended to provide. That is, usury laws may actually reduce the amount of credit that is available to low income or inexperienced borrowers. Low-priced credit is not useful to those who cannot meet the requirements for obtaining it. Thus, when lenders ration credit by some means other than price, first-time borrowers, small borrowers, low-income and high-risk borrowers are likely to find it more difficult to obtain credit.

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  • This paper will explore how the fifi nancial regulatory structure propelled these three credit rating agencies to the center of the U.S. bond markets—and thereby virtually guaranteed that when these rating agencies did make mistakes, those mistakes would have serious consequences for the fifi nancial sector.

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  • Moreover, poor women who have access to financial services have proven themselves to be highly creditworthy. Anecdotal evidence indicates that women repay their loans more consistently than do men. Necessity has made women careful strategists who plan for the future, shrewd risk-takers with an eye for economic opportunities and hard workers who put their families’ welfare first. Investing in the earning power of women pays big dividends for families, for society and for microfinance institutions, enabling them to serve more and more clients.

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  • For these firms, willingness to expand--and, in particular, to add permanent employees--depends primarily on expected increases in demand for their products, not on financing costs. Bank-dependent smaller firms, by contrast, have faced significantly greater problems obtaining credit, according to surveys and anecdotes. The Federal Reserve, together with other regulators, has been engaged in significant efforts to improve the credit environment for small businesses.

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  • In the early years of Moody’s, Standard, Poor’s, and Fitch, they earned revenue by selling their assessments of creditworthiness to investors. This occurred in the era before the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was created in 1934 and began requiring corporations to issue standardized fifi nancial statements. These judgments come in the form of “ratings,” which are usually a letter grade. The best-known scale is that used by Standard & Poor’s and some other rating agencies: AAA, AA, A, BBB, BB, and so on, with pluses and minuses as well....

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