The risk of computer crime has become a global issue affecting almost all countries. Salifu (2008) argues that the Internet is a "double-edged sword" providing many opportunities for individuals and organizations to develop and prosper, but at the same time has brought with it new opportunities to commit crime. For example, Nigeria-related financial crime is extensive and 122 out of 138 countries at an Interpol meeting complained about Nigerian involvement in financial fraud in their countries.
Consumer protection law and criminal law have both received considerable
analysis from academic lawyers. The role of legal intervention with
the aim of protecting the consumer has come in for scrutiny in a number
of seminal works, many of which concentrate upon the role of consumer
law in the marketplace. The role of criminal law has also been discussed
by a large number of leading commentators, with particular attention being
paid to the boundaries of criminal sanctions, and particular concern
being addressed to increasing criminalisation.
All Americans have a stake in effective response to hate
crimes. These crimes demand priority attention because
of their special impact. Bias crimes are designed to
intimidate the victim and members of the victim’s
community, leaving them feeling isolated, vulnerable,
and unprotected by the law. Failure to address this
unique type of crime could cause an isolated incident to
explode into widespread community tension. The
damage done by hate crimes, therefore, cannot be
measured solely in terms of physical injury or dollars and
Most women in prison are mothers and usually the primary or sole carer for their children.
Research from many countries has shown that, when fathers are imprisoned, the mother
usually continues to care for the children. However, when a mother is imprisoned, the father
often does not continue to care for the children, resulting in large numbers of children being
institutionalized (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2008).
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The Certified Ethical Hacker is a professional certification provided by the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council.)
An ethical hacker is usually employed by an organization who trusts him or her to attempt to penetrate networks and/or computer systems, using the same methods as a hacker, for the purpose of finding and fixing computer security vulnerabilities. Unauthorized hacking (i.e.
Americans have always cherished our privacy. From the birth of our republic, we assured ourselves protection against unlawful intrusion into our homes and our personal papers. At the same time, we set up a postal system to enable citizens all over the new nation to engage in commerce and political discourse. Soon after, Congress made it a crime to invade the privacy of the mails. And later we extended privacy protections to new modes of communications such as the telephone, the computer, and eventually email.
After reading the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the nature and elements of a crime, including evidence required; understand constitutional limitations, defenses, and protections within criminal law; explain criminal procedure; discuss corporate crime, including rico and computer-based crimes.
Chapter 5 - Criminal law and procedure. After reading the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the nature and elements of a crime, including evidence required; understand constitutional limitations, defenses, and protections within criminal law; explain criminal procedure; discuss corporate crime, including rico and computer-based crimes.
Chapter 17 - Risk management, insurance, and crime prevention. After studying the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Define risk and explain some ways of coping with it, explain what insurance is and show how it can be used to minimize loss due to risk, discuss some guides to be used in choosing an insurer, show how crime prevention can reduce risk and protect people and assets, discuss some techniques for safeguarding against theft, describe how to safeguard employees with preventive measures.
IELTS-Writing and Speaking Examples
TEST 1 Writing Under British and Australian laws a jury in a criminal case has no access to information about the defendant’s criminal record. This protects the person who is being accused of the crime. Some lawyers have suggested that this practice should be changed and that a jury should be given all the past facts before they reach their decision about the case.
Under British and Australian laws a jury in a criminal case has no access to information about
the defendant’s criminal record. This protects the person who is being accused of the crime. Some lawyers have suggested that this practice should be changed and that a jury should be given all the past facts before they reach their decision about the case.
It will do us good to consider the ancient art of Feng Shui in the
context of modern realities where change is relatively constant and
stress is accepted as a way of life. Apart from the daily grind of work
related malaise, we have to put up with the malady of rising crime in
our midst, be it at office or at home, day or night. What can we do to
protect ourselves and our loved ones? Criminals are getting more
sophisticated in keeping up with technological change and
Hacking, cracking, and cyber crimes are hot topics these days and will continue to be for the foreseeable future. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your organization's threat level. The first step is to understand what risks, threats, and vulnerabilities currently exist in your environment. The second step is to learn as much
as possible about the problems so you can formulate a solid response. The third step is to intelligently deploy your selected countermeasures and safeguards to erect protections around your most mission-critical assets.
This manual is an effort to assist law enforcement agencies and other
computer crime investigators by providing a resource guide compiled
from the vast pool of information on the Internet. This manual is not
intended to replace any formal training or education. This manual should
be used as a supplemental guide to reference too. It was not my
intention to compile this manual to provide a specific solution for
investigators. This was intended to provide a general overview, which
would assist in helping to developing a solution. This solution does not
have to be hardware or software based.
The EU needs to protect its citizens and their rights from threats and challenges and further
remove obstacles to circulation of citizens in Europe. This includes fighting crime and
corruption, controlling our external borders and ensuring the respect of the rule of law and of
fundamental rights, with the right balance between security and mobility. It also needs a well
functioning and efficient justice system to support growth, entrepreneurship and attract
Copyright 2005 by CRC Press, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
.OTHER INFORMATION SECURITY BOOKS FROM AUERBACH
Asset Protection and Security Management Handbook POA Publishing ISBN: 0-8493-1603-0 Building a Global Information Assurance Program Raymond J. Curts and Douglas E. Campbell ISBN: 0-8493-1368-6 Building an Information Security Awareness Program Mark B. Desman ISBN: 0-8493-0116-5 Critical Incident Management Alan B.
In a 2007 research paper for the SBA, Erin Kepler and Scott Shane found that 14
percent of the women entrepreneurs in their sample had employer firms, versus nearly
22 percent of the men. The Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) found higher rates for both
genders, perhaps because it is drawn from the Dun & Bradstreet database, which
includes only young firms that are ―serious‖ enough to merit a credit report. But here
again, a gap was found: Of the firms owned solely or primarily by women, 36 percent
were employer firms, versus 44 percent for those owned solely or primarily...
In General Revision Studies On Legislation Proceeding Procedure The Process of Preliminary Injunction The Position of Experts in Lawsuits The Obligation of Securing Deposit for Foreigners The Principle of Cumulative Protection Exhaustion Principle and Parallel Importation Loss of Rights due to the Remaining Silent Customs Applications in the Fight against Counterfeit Goods and Piracy II.
In the 1950s and 1960s intellectual discussions of crime were dominated
by the opinion that criminal behavior was caused by mental illness and social
oppression, and that criminals were helpless “victims.” A book by a well-
known psychiatrist was entitled The Crime of Punishment (see Menninger
). Such attitudes began to exert a major influence on social policy, as
laws changed to expand criminals’ rights. These changes reduced the appre-
hension and conviction of criminals, and provided less protection to the
The latter part of the 20th century saw a tremendous burgeoning of information
about the causes, course, and consequences of delinquent careers. During this
period, our knowledge about the epidemiology of delinquency and crime, risk and
protective factors for this type of behavior, etiological theories, and life-course
consequences of adolescent deviance expanded exponentially. All of these topics
were examined from multidisciplinary perspectives and the rate at which our
knowledge base expanded was revolutionary....