More than an accidental injury, more than a serious illness, more than a
natural disaster, the trauma of crime victimization goes beyond physical and
psychological injury: It robs us of the very faith we have in the human world.
Although eclipsed in recent headlines by terrorism, the common everyday
violations of civilized behavior that our own citizens continue to perpetrate
on one another are no less wrenching.
Governmentality identifies that regulation is constituted by micro
instances of rule rather than by a centralised power or agent. Governmentality
challenges the assumption that regulation is effected by
centralised government over a constituency, arguing instead that
regulatory practices exist everywhere, in the particular, such that
macro regimes of rule can be deconstructed into their constitutive
rationales and programs (Foucault, 1982, 1991; Dean, 1999).
DescriptionPolicing Cyber Crime is one of the great eBooks available to download from our website.There are more than 500 Textbooks, Business Books & Travel Guides in our book collection.ContentIntroduction 1. Cyber Crime Defined 1.1 Computer Crime Technology 1.2 Computer Crime on the Internet 1.4 White-Collar Computer Crime 1.5 Crime Offender or Victim 2. Cyber
Now in its tenth year, the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) has become a vital resource
for victims of online crime and for law enforcement investigating and prosecuting offenders.
In 2010, IC3 received the second-highest number of complaints since its inception. IC3 also
reached a major milestone this year when it received its two-millionth complaint. On average,
IC3 receives and processes 25,000 complaints per month.
IC3 is more than a repository for victim complaints.
C H A P T E R T H I R T Y
Urban Crime, Race, and the Criminal Justice System in the United States
The impact of crime on general welfare is profound. Those most directly impacted are the victims of crime. By one estimate, the combination of direct monetary losses and the costs of pain and suffering among crime victims in the United States
Today’s society is fascinated by crime. Crime and deviance have
taken on a cultural significance they never previously had. As a
result, crime is a hot topic in the media and one that leads people to
be continually exposed to criminal events, portrayals of those who
commit them, and the suffering of victims. Most of the crime we
experience, we experience vicariously. But the bias in crime reporting
is such that it is easy to get the wrong idea about the reality of crime.
All Americans have a stake in effective response to hate
crimes. These crimes demand priority attention because
of their special impact. Bias crimes are designed to
intimidate the victim and members of the victim’s
community, leaving them feeling isolated, vulnerable,
and unprotected by the law. Failure to address this
unique type of crime could cause an isolated incident to
explode into widespread community tension. The
damage done by hate crimes, therefore, cannot be
measured solely in terms of physical injury or dollars and
Let’s face it, as long as it’s not happening to you, crime is pretty entertaining.
Every offense, from shoplifting to murder, combines danger and excitement
with emotions like greed, anger, and the urge to make very close
friends in prison. The dastardly deeds are often outrageous and sometimes
hair-raising, but we can’t seem to rip our eyes from the wreckage
criminals make of their own lives and the lives of their victims. The dark
side of human behavior both repulses and fascinates us.
Particularly for rented apartments, key control by apartment management is an
important issue. Large jury awards have been made to victims of crimes in
apartments because of negligent key control and use of a master key.
A resident gives up some rights when they move into a multi-residential property. In
most cases, the resident, per written agreement, cannot add or replace the lock on
their door unless management is given an extra key. By doing this, the management
assumes the responsibility of and legal liability for key control.
Just about everyone is touched in some
way by our criminal justice system. You, a
relative or a friend may be arrested and
charged with a crime. Or perhaps you’ve
been the victim of one. Maybe you’re a
teacher, social worker or counselor who
needs clear answers to pressing questions so
you can help others understand how the
criminal justice system works. This book is
for all of you, and for anyone else who
wants to understand a little more about such
gripping modern-day dramas as the O.J.
Simpson, Menendez brothers and Timothy
More than 93 percent of car thefts occur in metropolitan areas where motor vehicle
theft remains a pervasive problem. Western states, in particular, experience high
rates of motor vehicle theft, while nationally a car or truck was stolen every 28.8
seconds in 2007. The FBI Uniform Crime Reports released in September 2008
estimate 1.1 million motor vehicle thefts in 2007, with an estimated value of $7.4
In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the authority also develops programs to
educate the public about reducing the risk of becoming a victim of auto theft. In
cooperation with the Philadelphia Eagles National Football League team, the
authority launched a print, radio and online campaign that educates the public
about auto theft prevention.
Uniform Crime Report Data from the Pennsylvania State Police showed that, since
the authority’s inception in 1995, annual auto theft rates have declined by nearly 50
In the 1950s and 1960s intellectual discussions of crime were dominated
by the opinion that criminal behavior was caused by mental illness and social
oppression, and that criminals were helpless “victims.” A book by a well-
known psychiatrist was entitled The Crime of Punishment (see Menninger
). Such attitudes began to exert a major influence on social policy, as
laws changed to expand criminals’ rights. These changes reduced the appre-
hension and conviction of criminals, and provided less protection to the
New amendments signed into law in August 2003 provide greater protec-
tion to people who invest their hard-earned money and, all too often, find
they are victims of unscrupulous con-artists.The amendments target indi-
viduals who use false financial statements to induce people to invest their
money. They also make it a violation for employees of brokers and advisers
to engage in unethical behavior and to fail to maintain records and docu-
ments required by law.
IPV is a health problem of enormous proportions. It is estimated that between 20 and 30%
of women and 7.5% of men in the United States have been physically and/or sexually
abused by an intimate partner at some point in their adult lives.
6, 7, 8
are five to eight times more likely than heterosexual men to be victimized by an intimate
From 1993 to 1998, victimization by an intimate accounted for 22% of the violent
crime experienced by females and 3% of the violent crime sustained by males.