Criminal investigations

Xem 1-20 trên 34 kết quả Criminal investigations
  • This chapter introduces the reader to the history and milestone developments of criminalistics and criminal investigations. In addition to the history of police and criminal investigative organizations, discussions on the creation and practice of personal identification systems such as anthropometry, fingerprint identification and DNA typing are provided.

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  • A common theme in all criminal investigations, and one of the most important throughout this text, is the collection of physical evidence. While the topic of physical evidence is addressed in several chapters of this lecture, the chapter specifically focuses on the techniques used to identify, collect, package, and store particular types of physical evidence for subsequent examination.

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  • Learning objectives of this chapter include: Define and distinguish forensic science and criminalistics, Understand the importance of an investigator's understanding of crime laboratory capabilities, Describe the three measures of effectiveness of crime laboratories, Distinguish the Frye test from the Daubert test regarding the admissibility of scientific evidence, Explain the role and importance of DNA analysis in criminal investigation,…

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  • This chapter discusses various aspects of terrorism and their relation to the work of a criminal investigator the chapter opens with an overview of international terrorism and the international groups that have committed terrorist acts against and/or pose threats to the United States and its allies.

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  • Learning objectives of this chapter include: Distinguish between detention, arrest, and charging; explain the benefit of a police officer=s making an arrest under the authority of a warrant; define and describe probable cause; discuss the risk factors involved in making a premature arrest; briefly outline the steps in a trial process; assess the importance of a criminal investigator’s knowing the rules of evidence;…

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  • In this chapter you will learn: List and explain the classifications of sex offenses, list and explain the four types of sexual murder, discuss interview procedures and investigative questions for sexual assault cases, explain why women do not report rape to the police and the motivation for false rape allegations, outline the types of physical evidence collected in rape and sexual assault cases,…

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  • Chapter 2 - Investigators, the investigative process, and the crime scene. When you finish this chapter, you should: Understand the role of the investigator and the skills and qualities he or she must possess, discuss the major events in the investigation of a crime, explain the seven major steps in a preliminary investigation, describe activities conducted in a follow-up investigation,...

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  • This chapter examines several aspects of the field note and report writing process. After discussing field notes and the basic and primary questions that need to be asked in an investigation, it addresses the importance of completing well-prepared incident/offense reports. Incident report formats vary among law enforcement agencies.

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  • The investigation of felonious injuries and criminal homicides can be the most important, yet difficult responsibility assigned to the police investigator. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Describe the four motivational models for classification of homicide, identify the investigator's responsibilities when responding to the scene o suspected homicide or assault, comprehend the importance of personal identification of a victim in a homicide investigation,...

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  • After studying this chapter you will be able to: Recognize types an patterns of burn injuries found in child abuse; define and discuss shaken-baby syndrome; explain munchausen syndrome by proxy; identify types of child molesters, and explain investigative and interview techniques for cases of child molestation; outline types of child pornography; define incest and outline profiles of incestuous fathers; describe the profile of infant abductors;...

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  • Motor vehicle theft is one of the most significant issues facing law enforcement today. This chapter identify types of motor vehicle theft, be familiar with techniques for disposing of stolen motor vehicles, describe challenges associated with the theft investigation of heavy equipment and farm equipment identify major investigative resources, discuss methods for assisting in the identification of a recovered vehicle, list and explain several vehicle theft fraud indicators,…

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  • This chapter outline the types of crimes in which computer is the target discuss computers as an instrumentality of the crime, describe computers as incidental to the crime, explain crimes associated with the prevalence of computers, understand the tools that computer criminals use to commit crime, discuss debates regarding privacy issues concerning the regulation of the Internet,...

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  • The objectives of this chapter are to: Discuss the prevalence of timber theft, explain agrichemical theft, discuss cattle and horse rustling, outline several methods of horse and cattle identification, summarize measures to prevent rural and agricultural crimes, distinguish between situational and professional poachers, understand investigative techniques used in wildlife crimes, list and describe the characteristics of hazardous waste, discuss methods of investigating environmental crimes.

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  • This topic will describe arson and explosives investigations. In this chapter you will learn: Discuss the steps in the preliminary investigation of arson, be familiar with various types of burn indicators, describe ignition devices that may be used in arson, assess several common motivations of arsonists for setting fires, explain the scientific methods used in arson investigation, list several groups of people whom an arson investigator should interview,...

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  • This chapter identify and describe several opium‑derived drugs; list and describe synthetic narcotics; identify and distinguish among stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens; outline techniques used in investigating dangerous drugs and narcotics; assess the motives, methods, and management of drug informants;...

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  • This chapter explains the methods used in conducting an effective follow-up investigation. In addition to existing internal and external reports and documents, neighborhood and vehicle canvasses in the immediate vicinity of the crime are essential. For various reasons, witnesses and other parties who may have valuable information do not always initiate contact with the police.

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  • The purpose of this chapter is to provide information about the criminal intelligence units, the intelligence/analytical cycle which results in finished and useable products for clients, and an array of analytical and investigative tools available to investigators, such as crime analysis, time event charting, telephone record analysis, e-mail intercepts, various approaches to criminal profiling, geoprofiling, financial analysis,...

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  • In this chapter, you will learn: Be familiar with different types of burglars, describe appropriate responses to burglaries in progress, recognized burglary tools, explain several methods of attacking safes, identify types of evidence to be collected in safe burglaries, describe the characteristics of residential burglaries, understand the investigator's burglary prevention role, outline strategies for investigating criminal fences and other stolen-property outlets, describe techniques for reducing the risk for commercial burglary.

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  • Many criminal offenses may be classified under the general heading of larceny. In this chapter we discuss some of the most frequently encountered types of larceny; fraud by credit card and check; cellular phone cloning; shoplifting; confidence games; mail fraud; Ponzi schemes and money laundering. This chapter also includes a discussion on identity theft, a more calculated form of fraud.

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  • Criminal psychology, forensic technology, and profiling. These three disciplines have received a wealth of media attention over the past decade. Consequently, due to public and professional interest, a plethora of books have been published. The technique of offender profiling, or classifying offenders according to their behaviors and characteristics, has been developing slowly as a possible investigative tool since 1841 and the publication of the The Murders in the Rue Morgue by Edgar Alan Poe, in which detective C.

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