Crisis intervention

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Outcome of crisis intervention for borderline personality disorder and post traumatic stress disorder: a model for modification of the mechanism of disorder in complex post traumatic syndromes...

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  • The sharp decline in trade, foreign direct investment and access to international financing, poses a risk to the global supply chains that underpin innovation. These supply chains are critical sources of new knowledge and learning. They provide companies with technical expertise, knowledge of foreign markets, critical business contacts and international partners. The current decline of trade and investment flows (Figure 4) could have severe consequences for these knowledge transfers and for innovation at the global level.

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  • The European economy is in the midst of the deepest recession since the 1930s, with real GDP projected to shrink by some 4% in 2009, the sharpest contraction in the history of the European Union. Although signs of improvement have appeared recently, recovery remains uncertain and fragile. The EU’s response to the downturn has been swift and decisive. Aside from intervention to stabilise, restore and reform the banking sector, the European Economic Recovery Plan (EERP) was launched in December 2008.

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  • The Committee evaluated the case for lowering the 20% CCF under the Basel II standardised and FIRB risk-based measures. The CCF is relevant for short-term self- liquidating trade letters of credit arising from the movement of goods. Essentially, it reduces capital requirements by 80% as compared to positions that are subject to a 100% CCF. The current 20% CCF has been part of the Basel capital framework since their inception in 1988.

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  • Briefly, we construct a measure of relative macroeconomic performance by first identifying the global business cycle using a simple factor model. We calculate seasonally adjusted quarter-over-quarter real GDP growth rates and extract the first principal component across the 46 economies in our sample. This single factor explains around 40 per cent of the variation in the average economy’s output, but with wide variation across economies. We then use the residuals from the principal component analysis as the measure of an economy’s idiosyncratic performance.

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  • The economic crisis has prompted an immediate response by governments to avoid a collapse of the financial and banking systems and limit the economic effects of the credit crunch. Such policies aim at stabilising the economy and initiating a rapid recovery. But policies also need to ensure that the recovery is durable, i.e. based on sustainable growth. The crisis should not damage the drivers of long-term growth, but should instead be used as a springboard to accelerate structural shifts towards a stronger, fairer and cleaner economic future.

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  • The first part of the article deals with the relation- ship between Eurosystem monetary policy decisions and market interest rates. It looks, on the one hand, at the links between central bank rates and money market rates and, on the other hand, at the trend during the crisis of the risk-free yield curve, i.e. that of AAA-rated euro area government bonds. The second section addresses the question of long-term market rates harbouring credit risk.

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  • Historically, charitable trusts and foundations have sought to prevent acute social problems in the UK, using grants to demonstrate and fund interventions that improve social outcomes and reduce the number of individuals requiring crisis interventions. Trust and foundation resources are limited however – only £4.4bn9 per year compared to government budgets of £603bn10 – enabling them to demonstrate effective interventions, but not to make them available to everyone who would benefi t.

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  • In modern nancial systems, an intricate web of claims and obligations links the balance sheets of a wide variety of intermediaries, such as banks and hedge funds, into a network structure. The advent of sophisticated nancial products, such as credit default swaps and collateralised debt obligations, has heightened the complexity of these balance sheet connections still further.

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  • The Armagh Observatory is the oldest scienti c institution in Northern Ireland, the longest continuously operating astronomical research institute in the UK and Ireland. There is a uctuating population of approximately 30 academic sta , which at the end of 2011 comprised 6 Research Astronomers and 24 other academic sta (including the director, several PDRAs and around a dozen PhD students) as well as several academic visitors, 2 core research and 4.5 core grounds and administrative support sta .

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  • Since 1990 Lithuania started to develop a model of community based services with the strategic goal to introduce modern public health approaches and create an alternative to the traditional system of residential institutions for children with different mental and developmental problems.

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  • At some point, one in five children and adolescents in the UK will suffer distress or disorganisation of their behaviour sufficient to be considered ‘disordered’ (Office for National Statistics, 2005). Much of this ‘disorder’ will be dealt with informally and resolve or persist at a low level, accumulating over time to present at a later stage. Some children and adolescents will be dealt with by various professionals in various capacities – teachers, school nurses, general practitioners (GPs), social workers – and never come to the attention of ‘specialists’.

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  • The Office of Clinician Support provides a safe place for physicians to discuss and resolve a wide range of work place and personal issues. The OCS provides a blend of services ranging from creating awareness of work-engendered stresses, to discussions about work-related and personal concerns, to mental health assessments, to crisis interventions. All clinicians are seen at no charge with referrals to outside professionals as needed. OCS staff will make arrangements to meet at a convenient time, usually within 24-48 hours.

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  • The impact of the crisis further increases the market failure – also driven by increased risk aversion on the supply side of microfinance - and underlines the need for public support for this emerging sector in Europe. In addition to the fundamental structural problems of the microfinance sector in Europe, public intervention has largely been justified and substantiated with positive externalities, i.e. that social and financial inclusion generates attractive economic and social returns.

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  • Conventional approaches to health in poor countries focus on disease–specific interventions and their cost effectiveness, implemented via the path of least resistance with a strong emphasis on short term results. The upshot is that sys- temic problems which underlie poor health, failing health systems, and health inequity are circumvented. Long–term, sustainable strategies are rarely devel- oped or deployed. The crisis may change its spots, expressing itself in different diseases, populations or geographic areas, but it essentially continues unabated.

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  • The process for coping with the crisis by countries across the globe has been manifest in four basic phases. The first has been intervention to contain the contagion and restore confidence in the system. This has required extraordinary measures both in scope, cost, and extent of government reach. The second has been coping with the secondary effects of the crisis, particularly the global recession and flight of capital from countries in emerging markets and elsewhere that have been affected by the crisis.

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  • Furthermore WFP is providing food assistance to vulnerable groups through institutional feeding and school feeding to around 90,000 beneficiaries. WFP also provides a general food ration consisting of cereals, CSB, sugar, fortified oil and iodised salt when available, to the rural population affected by the humanitarian crisis, the urban poor and IDPs. In 2009 this food assistance covered around 3 to 3.5 million people a month – almost half the population – on the basis of FSNAU seasonal assessments.

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  • Unsustainable growth in medical spending has sparked interest in the question of whether prevention saves money and could be the answer to the health care crisis. But the question misses the point. What should matter (for both prevention and treatment services) is value -- the health benefit per dollar invested. We discuss a package of effective clinical preventive services that improves health at a relatively low cost. Cost-effectiveness should also be examined for disease care, the major driver of health spending.

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  • Presently the EU and ECB do not have a mechanism to deal with anything but the most severe, acute, and immediate aspects of the crisis. Two other possible solutions have been discussed, and we show below that they are both inferior to the Trichet bonds solution we propose. The solution proposed by European authorities so far involves the ECB’s purchase of outstanding sovereign debt in the market, which has only succeeded in buying a small amount of the distressed debt while pushing bond prices upwards as a result of the intervention.

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  • However, the situational analysis shows that in some regions rates of chronic and acute malnutrition remain high even outside of times of crisis, with multi factorial underlying causes. These underlying causes include: sub optimal infant, young child and maternal feeding and care practices, poor dietary diversity, inadequate water and sanitation and high morbidity coupled with poor access to and utilisation of health services.

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