One of the most frequent questions we get at Standard & Poor’s is, “What are the criteria
for being added to an S&P Index?” First and foremost, S&P Indices are not rules-based; all
changes are fully discretionary and are determined by the Index Committee based upon public
information. Companies may not apply for inclusion.
The Standard & Poor’s Index Committee examines five main criteria when looking for
Index candidates: trading analysis, liquidity, ownership, fundamental analysis, market
capitalization, and sector representation.
There has been an exponential growth in the number of techniques for
measuring characteristics of the family. Specifically, the first edition covered
a thirty-year period and included abstracts of 319 measures. But the second
edition, which adds abstracts of instruments published in just a ten-year span,
contains 494 additional measures, or a total of 813. Because the number of
instruments has more than doubled, it was not possible for the two of us alone
to search the hundreds of journals in which these measures appear and to abstract
all 494 instruments.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Can generic paediatric mortality scores calculated 4 hours after admission be used as inclusion criteria for clinical trials?
We know from many research studies that practising
nurses and other healthcare professionals do not
always have the time, confidence or skills to carry
out research or systematic reviews for themselves.
Therefore they rely on reviews by other people
when considering innovations and developments
in their practice.
Our aim for this book, therefore, is to present
readers with the issues arising from conducting
systematic reviews and thereby to help them
understand reviews that they identify and read
when considering developing their health policy,
services and clinical practice....
This is a reference book. The reader has the right to expect a clearly defined scope, specific
criteria for inclusion, and 100 percent inclusion of everything that meets those criteria.
Those were the objectives of A Biographical Dictionary of the Baseball Hall of Fame when the
first edition was published in 2000. They remain the same with this second edition—which
has been updated to include more than 50 new biographies of players, managers, umpires,
baseball executives, broadcasters and writers who have earned their place among the greats of
the game in the past eight years.
The Thirteenth Replenishment Agreement of the World Bank’s
International Development Association (IDA), covering the period
2003-5 inclusive, introduced grant financing for the first time in IDA’s
40-year history. The Agreement recognized that unsustainable levels of
debt should be a criterion for eligibility of grants for low-income
borrowers, along with criteria such as the exigencies of natural disasters,
conflict and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In IDA 13, each borrower was
subject to a cap of grant funding equivalent to 40 percent of its total
This book is not a systematic textbook about echocardiography. It
provides a scheme for the interpretation of a study as an aide-memoire
for the experienced echocardiographer or interpreting physician and as a
learning tool for the beginner.
Since the first edition, the text has been extensively revised by the
inclusion of new guidelines, grading criteria, and normal data, including
Doppler tissue imaging. It has also been reformatted to be more easily
accessible. New chapters have been added on cardiac resynchronization
and the atria.
A distinction is to be made between the terms 'efficacy'
and 'effectiveness'. Efficacy is defined as "the probability
of benefit to individuals in a defined population from a
medical technology applied for a given medical problem
under ideal conditions of use". By contrast, effectiveness is
considered to have all the attributes of efficacy but to
reflect "performance under ordinary conditions by the
average practitioner for the typical patient" .
This study forms part of a longitudinal study (the main
study) on a population consisting of institutionalised peo-
ple aged 52–102 living in the Province of Granada, Spain.
Data was collected from April 2009 to September 2010.
The main study’s inclusion criteria were to have at least
three natural teeth and/or to wear dentures. 369 residents
were examined at baseline. During the 12-month follow-
up period 102 participants were retired from the study, 66
because they died and 36 because of other causes.
Our empirical ﬁndings are robust to controlling for individual ﬁxed-eﬀects, expe-
rience, year eﬀects, team, home ballpark characteristics, and managerial quality. The
inclusion of individual ﬁxed-eﬀects means that the results cannot be explained by assorta-
tive matching between complementary or substitutable players at the team level, since the
analysis is exploiting variation over time within a given player’s performance.
Statistical models were used to control for—i.e., remove—the impact of
socioeconomic factors that might account for the correlation between race/ethnicity and
credit scores. The inclusion of such controls slightly weakened, but by no means eliminated
(or accounted for) the association between minority status and credit scores. Among all
such control variables, race/ethnicity proved to be the most robust single predictor of credit
scores; in most instances it had a significantly greater impact than education, marital status,
income and housing values.
Based on the final KQ s specified above, we generated a list of inclusion and exclusion criteria (Table 3). We included prospective and cross-sectional observational studies of health outcomes, trials of materials developed for low-health-literacy populations, and trials of interventions that compared materials designed to be “easier to read or understand” with standard materials. We limited studies to those with outcomes related to health and use and costs of health services.
A broader range has permitted inclusion of many Caribbean entries, for instance, which merit inclusion but might not meet a stringent pure-s!ang-only test. Our only real deviation from Partridge's inclusion criteria is a much diminished body of nicknames. The regiment nicknames that populate Partridge's work no longer fulfil the language function that they did in the United Kingdom of Partridge's day.
Although in many trials haloperidol has been used as
the standard comparator, the clinical trial evidence for haloperidol itself is much less
impressive than one might expect (Barry et al 2012). By their very nature systematic reviews
and RCTs provide only average indices of probable efficacy in groups of individuals recruited
to the study in question. Although many RCTs attempt to limit inclusion criteria to a single
category of diagnosis from DSM4 or ICD10, many studies include individuals with different
types of schizophrenic diagnosis such as schizoaffective disorder.
This project aims to deliver important information, methodologies
and guidelines for use by city planners and other prominent decision
makers throughout Latin America and the Caribbean and Asia, applying
eco-efﬁ cient criteria to reduce emissions, save energy and natural
resources, and enhance social inclusion. ECLAC views this project as an
important milestone in the ongoing efforts surrounding eco-efﬁ ciency
and sustainable urbanization.
From the literature search results database, one researcher scanned the titles and abstracts
of every article for each question and full publications were ordered for any studies
considered relevant or if there was insufficient information from the title and abstract to
inform a decision. When the papers were obtained the researcher applied
inclusion/exclusion criteria to select appropriate studies which were then critically
From the early days of the ENHPS, countries were provided with a set of criteria
they could use to develop their national networks of health-promoting schools
(Barnekow Rasmussen et al., 1999). These criteria proved to be a very useful
starting-point for the development of national programmes, which would all
adhere to a broad concept of health but also allow the inclusion of necessary
national and regional specificities.
Inclusion and exclusion criteria: Patients were eligible for enrollment in the study if they were aged 18 yr or more, had newly diagnosed pulmonary TB, had no history of previous treatment for TB, had knowledge of their HIV status, resided within 20 km of study site, assessed to be cooperative and willing for DOTS therapy as judged by counselor, had no major complications of HIV disease like encephalopathy, renal or hepatic disease, malignancy or any end stage disease and did not have any medical condition that might interfere with the management of the pulmonary tuberculosis like diabetes,...