Cross drawings are as old as time. They have been around even before Christ and Christianity. The cross symbolizes life, immortality,union of the heavens and earth and the sun and stars. It's no wonder so many people select this image as a tattoo. It is arguably the most widely used image in both ancient and modern tattoos. Throughout history each culture has reinvented and redesigned this sacred image leaving us with many different versions. There are many variations of cross drawings which I will display below. Again as with tattoos and other drawings, personal taste and style rules all....
Layer assignment: assign vertices to layers trying to minimize s edge dilation s feedback edges Placement: arrange vertices on each layer trying to minimize s crossings Routing: route edges trying to minimize s bends Fine tuning: improve the drawing with local modiﬁcations
Planarization method s if the graph is nonplanar, make it planar! (by placing dummy vertices at the crossings) s use one of the drawing algorithms for planar graphs e.g., GIOTTO [Tamassia Batini Di Battista 87] Orientation method s orient the graph into a digraph s use one the drawing algorithms for digraphs Force-Directed method s deﬁne a system of forces acting on the vertices and edges s ﬁnd a minimum energy state (solve differential equations or simulate the evolution of the system)
With employees, rather than the IT department, now driving the decision of which devices to use on the job, many companies are scrambling to integrate enterprise applications. Fortunately, enterprise developers can now create apps for all major mobile devices using C#/.NET and Mono, languages most already know. A team of authors draws on their vast experiences to teach you how to create cross-platform mobile applications, while delivering the same functionality to PC's, laptops and the web from a single technology platform and code-base.
This book is dedicated to the many colleagues and numerous students who moulded me into a better teacher.In particular my first Head of Department, Gerry Astell, who taught me never to teach something that I knew I would later retract. False simplicity is never helpful to the student in the long run; it just makes a poor teacher’s life easier for a moment.
Additional Single-Equation Topics
Estimation with Generated Regressors and Instruments OLS with Generated Regressors
We often need to draw on results for OLS estimation when one or more of the regressors have been estimated from a ﬁrst-stage procedure.
These are simply things I have learned, and what I personally do for each of my drawings. There are many ways to draw, such as line drawings, cross-hatching, non-blending, etc, but my chosen area is one that strives for Realism. I am 100% self-taught, meaning that I never went to Art school. I drew for maybe a total of maybe 5 hours since I was a teenager. Then in October of 2008, I decided I needed a hobby.
Given the enormous, ever-growing, and constantly-changing size, shape, and consistency of the internet and the use that is made of it means that methodological issues abound when attempting to produce measurements of traffic and content. Yet even given the limitations of the data available, Envisional believes that the estimates produced in this report are more accurate than any that have been published before.
Crossed cheque (n): Séc thanh toán bằng chuyển khoảng
a cheque that has two line across ot to show that it can only be paid
into a bank account and not exchanged for cash
2. Open cheque (n) : Séc mở
3. Bearer cheque (n) : Séc vô danh
4. Draw (v) : rút
5. Drawee (n) : ngân hàng của người ký phát
bank or person asked to make a payment by a drawer
6. Drawer (n) Payer : người ký phát (Séc)
person who write
The aim of this book is to illuminate the essential activity of translation from a number of
perspectives: historical and contemporary, theoretical and practical. At the same time, the
contents of the present volume speak in many modes and voices to literary and cultural
history, and to cross-cultural relations through the ages.The book draws on several
hundred texts, translations, and texts about translation, ranging from classical antiquity to the present.
As a derivative volume from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd edition, it comprises contributions from the foremost scholars of semantics in their various specializations and draws on 20+ years of development in the parent work in a compact and affordable format. Principally intended for tertiary level inquiry and research, this will be invaluable as a reference work for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as academics inquiring into the study of meaning and meaning relations within languages.
The relationship between political democracy and economic growth has been a center of debate in the past fifty years. A corpus of cross-country research has shown that the theoretical divide on the impact of democratic versus authoritarian regimes on growth is matched by ambiguous empirical results, resulting in a consensus of an inconclusive relationship. Through this paper we challenge this consensus.
Mặc dù là một chương trình cỡ nhỏ, RDM cho phép ta giải quyết gần như toàn bộ các bài toán phân tích kết cấu thân tàu theo mô hình ước định. Do khuôn khổ hạn chế về thời gian, đề tài mới giải quyết được một số bài toán chính. RDM còn có thể sử dụng trong tính toán tấm chịu uốn, tính ổn định kết cấu thanh, ... - Với việc kết hợp mô đun Drawing – Meshing với mô đun Cross Section cho phép ta dễ dàng tính được các đặc trưng hình học của mặt cắt...
This publication has been designed to share IFAD’s
experience with a broader public. It uses examples of
instruments, processes and practices selected from IFAD’s
project portfolio. The theme of IFAD’s 2001 portfolio review
was the environment and natural resource management.
Environment and Natural Resource Management: IFAD’s
Growing Commitment draws extensively on that progress
report, which was presented at the Seventy-Second Session
of the IFAD Executive Board in April 2001.
Welcome to Science of Everyday Things. Our aim
is to explain how scientific phenomena can be
understood by observing common, real-world
events. From luminescence to echolocation to
buoyancy, the series will illustrate the chief prin-
ciples that underlay these phenomena and
explore their application in everyday life. To
encourage cross-disciplinary study, the entries
will draw on applications from a wide variety of
fields and endeavors.
Get to grips with RaphaelJS - a powerful cross-browser compatible vector graphics library, to create interactive 2D graphics and animations with ease
Learn something new in an Instant! A short, fast, focused guide delivering immediate results.
Create cross-browser imageless drawings and animations, with DOM access.
Create your own shape, almost any shape, with simple and illustrated techniques.
Write once and run in almost any browsers including IE6
Viewing migrant networks as an information transmission mechanism influencing
investment is a natural extension of existing work trade in the absence of formal institutions.
Drawing on Grief’s (1989, 1993) work on the Maghribi traders of the 11th century, Rauch and
Trindade (2002) provide empirical evidence that the overseas Chinese help link buyers to
sellers across national borders. Giving pride of place to migrant networks in explaining the
cross-national distribution of capital allows us to speak to a number of seemingly disparate
This important new study examines the market trade of medieval
England from a new perspective, by providing a wide-ranging critique
of the moral and legal imperatives that underpinned retail trade. James
Davis shows howmarket-goers were inﬂuenced not only by practical and
economic considerations of price, quality, supply and demand, but also
by the moral and cultural environment within which such deals were
Some preliminary work has been done on subjects’
preference for different aesthetics in UML class and
collaboration diagrams (Purchase et al. 2000), revealing
that users preferred diagrams with fewer bends and
crosses, shorter edge lengths and an orthogonal structure.
However, that experiment only looked at subjects’
personal preference for the aesthetics, rather than their
performance on UML related tasks.
Rapid expansion in international credit bears watching because, in many boom-bust credit
cycles in the past, such credit tended to grow faster than overall credit during the boom.5
We illustrate this broad finding with data from several European countries that have suffered
credit booms and busts since 2000. Then, we draw a parallel with countries that were caught
up in the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s.
By international credit, we refer to three components of total bank credit, the first two of
which are types of cross-border credit.