Xem 1-20 trên 192 kết quả Culture of medicine
  • What happens when physicians become ill? How easy or difficult is it for physicians to relinquish the role of caretaker and to be cared for by others? What is unique about the psychological makeup of physicians, as well as the culture of medicine, that facilitates or impedes timely and comprehensive diagnosis and treatment? When doctors behave badly or out of character at work, what factors underlie such behavior, and what can be done about it? In assessing and treating physicians, what strategies are useful to assure accuracy while simultaneously diminishing morbidity and relieving sufferi...

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  • My primary purpose in writing and revising this book has been to provide an updated introduction to the history of medicine. Although the text began as a ‘‘teaching assistant’’ for my own one-semester survey course, I hope that this new edition will also be of interest to a general audience, and to teachers who are trying to add historical materials to their science courses or science to their history courses.

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  • The energy-metabolism oscillation in aerobic chemostat cultures of yeast is a periodic change of the respiro-fermentative and respiratory phase. In the respiro-fermentative phase, the NADH level was kept high and respiration was suppressed, and glucose was anabolized into trehalose and glycogen at a rate comparable to that of catabolism.

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  • This study investigated the effects of two highly sulfated polysaccharides, calcium pentosan polysulfate and heparin, on the loss of newly synthesized proteoglycans from the matrix of explant cultures of bovine tendon. The tensional region of deep flexor tendon was incubated with [ 35 S]sulfate for 6 h and then placed in culture for up to 15 days.

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  • My first nose job was performed by an otolaryngologist (otherwise known as an ear, nose, and throat doctor) who, in concert with my mother, encouraged me to have surgery. Without consulting me, my mother made an appointment and then convinced me to go with her— just to see what he had to say. He had operated on the nose of a neighbor, and my mother liked her result.

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  • As health care providers, we spend our lives searching for treatments that reduce suffering and lengthen the lives of our patients. Sometimes we find solutions in surprising places. Although we all have hopes for advancements in technology, the future of medicine is also about challenging preconceptions as we change our healing biases. In many ways, this is the natural evolution of “global medicine.” We have global communications and global banking; however, until recently medicine has remained remarkably provincial.

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  • Racial and ethnic minorities tend to receive a lower quality of healthcare than non-minorities, even when access-related factors, such as patients’ insurance status and income, are controlled. The sources of these disparities are complex, are rooted in historic and contemporary inequities, and involve many participants at several levels, including health systems, their administrative and bureaucratic processes, utilization managers, healthcare professionals, and patients.

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  • We monitored a continuous culture of the yeastSaccharomyces cerevisiae by membrane-inlet mass spectrometry. This technique allows very rapid simultaneous measurements (one point every 12 s) of several dissolved gases. During our experiment, the culture exhibited a multioscillatory mode in which the dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide records displayed period-icities of 13 h, 36 min and 4 min.

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  • Plants belonging to the Apiaceae or Rutaceae accumulate methoxylated psoralens, such as bergapten or xanthotoxin, as the final products of their furanocoumarin biosynthesis, and the rate of accumulationdepends on environmental and other cues. DistinctO-methyltransferase activities had been reported to methylate bergaptol to bergapten and xantho-toxol to xanthotoxin, from induced cell cultures of Ruta graveolens,Petroselinum crispumandAmmi majus. Bergap-tol 5-O-methyltransferase (BMT) cDNA was cloned from dark-grownAmmi majusL. cells treatedwith a crude fungal elicitor. ...

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  • Monolayer primary cultures of thyroid cells produce, in the presence of insulin, a cytosolic inhibitor of thyroid peroxi-dase (TPO), lacto peroxidase (LPO), horseradishperoxidase (HRPO) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX). The inhibitor, localized in the cytosol, is thermostable and hydrophylic. Itsmolecularmass is less than2 kDa.The inhibitoryactivity, resistant to proteolytic and nucleolytic enzymes, disappears with sodium metaperiodate treatment, as an oxidant of carbohydrates, supporting its oligosaccharide structure....

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  • Production of nitric oxide (NO) in response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated using cultures of mouse peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) and the macrophage cell line RAW264.7. In the presence of anti-(interferon-c) (IFN-c), NO production was markedly suppressed in the PEC culture but not in the RAW264.7 culture. In the PEC culture, LPS induced both IFN-cproduction and activation of IFNresponse factor-1, which leads to the gene expression of inducible NO synthase, but neither was induced in the culture of RAW264.7 cells....

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  • Duodenase is a 29-kDa serine endopeptidase that displays selective trypsin- and chymotrypsin-like substrate specificity. This enzyme has been localized to epitheliocytes of Brunner’s glands, and as described here, to mast cells within the intestinal mucosa and lungworm-infected lung, implying an important additional role in inflammation and tissue remodelling. In primary cultures of pulmonary artery fibroblasts, duodenase induced a concentration-dependent increase in [3H]thymidine incorporation with a maximal effect observed at 30 nM.

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  • Exceptional Care, Exceptional Service is an institution-wide culture enhancement underway at Boston Children’s. Its goal is the spread of service-oriented attitudes and behaviors that exceed the expectations of our patient families, physician partners, neighbors, and co-workers. In short, it is an effort to make our level of personal service to these groups as world-renowned as our medical care. We pledge to foster a culture of exceptional care and exceptional service that supports these values: excellence, respect, communication, courtesy, enthusiasm, teamwork.

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  • Endothelial cells are indispensable components of the vascular system, and play pivotal roles during development and in health and disease. Their properties have been studied extensively byin vivo analysis of genetically modified mice.

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  • We report that autonomous oscillations, which usually happen in aerobic glucose-limited continuous cultures of yeast at low dilution rate, were also observed in trehalose discontinuous cultures ofSaccharomyces cerevisiae. This unexpected oscillatory behaviour was therefore examined using fast Fourier transformation of online gas measurements. This robust mathemat-ical analysis underlined the existence of two types of oscillation.

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  • Root cultures ofSwertia chirata(Gentianaceae) were grown with supplements of [1-13 C]glucose, [U-13 C6]glucose or [carboxy-13 C]shikimic acid. 1,3,5,8-Tetrahydroxyxanthone was isolated and analysed by quantitative NMR analysis. The observed isotopomer distribution shows that 1,3,5,8-tetrahydroxyxanthone is biosynthesized via a polyketide-type pathway. The starter unit, 3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA, is obtained from an early shikimate pathway intermediate. Phenylalanine, cinnamic acid and benzoic acid were ruled out as intermediates....

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  • As you will see, we continue to expand our work on healthy aging, prevention, and eliminating health disparities by working closely with state and local government and community leaders and partners to create healthy environments that offer ample access to healthy foods and physical activity; age-friendly communities, businesses and institutions; and schools that adopt a culture of healthy habits for students, teachers, and parents alike.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Essentials for the Canadian medical licensing exam - Review and prep for MCCQE part I" presents the following contents: Introduction; cultural-Communication, legal, ethical and organizational aspects of medicine; cardiology and cardiovascular surgery, dermatology, emergency medicine, endocrinology, otolaryngology, family and community medicine, gastroenterology, general surgery.

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  • Illness and death are important events for people everywhere. No one is spared. However, faith and medical practice not the same everywhere. How do people understand the causes of illness and death and how they deal with these events culture different from culture. It is not surprising therefore that the medical practitioners and others are becoming increas ingly aware of the need to understand the influence of the social and cultural beliefs and medical practice. Culture the usual ways of thinking and acting in a society often affect the outcome of disease, illness and even occur.

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  • The purpose of this book is to provide the advances in plant in vitro culture as related to perennial fruit crops and medicinal plants. Basic principles and new techniques, now available, are presented in detail. The book will be of use to researchers, teachers in biotechnology and for individuals interested to the commercial application of plant in vitro culture.

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