Xem 1-15 trên 15 kết quả Currency forwards
  • This chapter explain how forward contracts are used to hedge based on anticipated exchange rate movements, describe how currency futures contracts are used to speculate or hedge based on anticipated exchange rate movements, explain how currency option contracts are used to speculate or hedge based on anticipated exchange rate movements.

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  • This book is based on a series of seminars delivered over a period of many years to people working in the global financial markets. The material has expanded and evolved over that time. Participation on the seminars has covered the widest possible spectrum in terms of age, background and seniority, ranging all the way from new graduate entrants to the financial services industry up to very senior managing directors.

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  • Appendix A: Derivatives. Derivatives are financial instruments that “derive” their values from some other security or index. They serve as a form of ‘insurance” against risk. Financial futures, forward contracts, options, and interest rate swaps are the most frequently used derivatives.

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  • 68 Understanding the Numbers part of net income. With the other method, the translation adjustment will be reported as part of other comprehensive income.38 Foreign-currency gains and losses can also result from the use of various currency contracts, such as forwards, futures, options, and swaps, entered into for both hedging and speculation. It is not uncommon to observe foreign exchange gains and losses year after year in a company’s income statement.

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  • 438 Planning and Forecasting A Foreign Currency Hedge Suppose an American electronics manufacturer has just delivered a large shipment of finished products to a customer in France. The French buyer has agreed to pay 1 million French francs in exactly 30 days. The manufacturer is worried that the French franc may be devalued relative to the American dollar during that interval. If the franc is devalued, the dollar value of the promised payment will fall and the American manufacturer will suffer losses.

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  • Under certain conditions, the Company may use options and futures on securities, indices and interest rates, as described in Section 3.2. "Sub-Fund Details" and Appendix 3 "Restrictions on the use of techniques and instruments" for the purpose of investment, hedging and efficient portfolio management. In addition, where appropriate, the Company may hedge market and currency risks using futures, options or forward foreign exchange contracts. Transactions in futures carry a high degree of risk.

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  • into forward currency contracts for hedging purposes which can include the hedging of all or a portion of the currency exposure of an investment or group of investments, either directly or indirectly. The Fund may also enter into these contracts for non-hedging purposes which can include increasing the exposure to a foreign currency or to shift exposure to foreign currency fluctuations from one country to another.

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  • Europe's strength lies in the interconnection of our economies. The single market and the common currency have driven this forward, and the integrated economic policy making at the European level through the European semester is now drawing our economies together as never before. However, the crisis has shown that the single market for financial services can only deliver financial stability, economic growth and jobs if it is matched with a strong single regulatory and supervisory authority at EU level.

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  • Currency risk is the risk that the value of investments denominated in currencies, other than the functional currency of the Fund, will fluctuate due to changes in foreign exchange rates. Investments in foreign markets are exposed to currency risk as the prices denominated in foreign currencies are converted to the Fund’s functional currency in determining fair value. The Fund may enter into forward currency contracts for hedging purposes to reduce foreign currency exposure or to establish exposure to foreign currencies. ...

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  • Banking sector reforms have been sequenced to correspond with changing regulations of the foreign exchange market. The government has allowed the exchange rate to gradually float (as opposed to a “crawling” peg), and full current account convertibility has been introduced, with de facto capital account convertibility for nonresidents, and calibrated liberalization for residents.

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  • Another notable increase occurred in the forward-rate agreement (FRA) usage. FRA is a contract that determines the rate of interest, or currency exchange rate, to be paid or received on an obligation beginning at some future date. At the end of 1996, 9.02 percent of the sample banks report using FRAs. By the end of 2004, the percentage using FRAs more than doubled. While the percentage of banks participating in the swaps and forwards increased over the sample period, the proportion of banks using interest-rate options fell.

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  • From the viewpoint of business policy, the reform law of 1999 eliminated the last hurdle which had hitherto prevented the savings banks from con- ducting business with companies listed on the stock exchange. Regional savings banks can now carry on all banking business stipulated in the law on currency and finance8, with anyone, without exception.

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  • When currency f lows back to the Reserve Banks, each deposit is counted, verif ied, and authenticated. Notes that are too worn for recirculation (un- f it notes) and those that are suspected of being counterfeit are culled out. Suspect notes are forwarded to the United States Secret Service, and unf it notes are destroyed at the Reserve Banks on behalf of the Treasury. Notes that can be recirculated to the public are held in Reserve Bank vaults, along with new notes, until they are needed to meet demand. Coin that is received by Reserve Banks is...

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  • Chapter 9 - Currency exchange rates. This chapter define an exchange rate, and distinguish between nominal and real exchange rates and spot and forward exchange rates; describe functions of and participants in the foreign exchange market; describe functions of and participants in the foreign exchange market;...

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Describe the functions of the foreign exchange market. Understand what is meant by spot exchange rates. Recognize the role that forward exchange rates play in insuring against foreign exchange risk, understand the different theories explaining how currency exchange rates are determined and their relative merits, identify the merits of different approaches toward exchange rate forecasting.

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