II. THE STUDY ABSTRACT A desirable long-range goal in building future speech understanding systems would be to accept the kind of language people spontaneously produce. We show that people do not speak to one another in the same way they converse in typewritten language. Spoken language is finer-grained and more indirect. The differences are striking and pervasive. Current techniques for engaging in typewritten dialogue will need to be extended to accomodate the structure of spoken language.
Overall the allergy is a sustained process of chronic inflammation why aspects of
quality of life and the contribution and understanding of the psychological dimension,
emotional and psychiatric naturally had to be enrolled in this book.
The chapters on treatment modalities and new strategies bring the latest concepts on
the use of actual and very promising researches based on the better understanding of
the mechanism of the allergic disease. Each of these topics is as current as possible and
written by a leader in the field. Clinicians will all benefit from these reviews....
Despite worldwide efforts to assess and control cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac
diseases and in particular coronary artery disease (CAD) are still the foremost causes
of death in the developed countries of Western Europe, North America and Asia and
are becoming increasingly common in Eastern Europe and the developing world
(Deanfield 2001). Approximately one in five deaths is currently related to cardiac
disease in Europe and the US. Nearly 500,000 deaths caused by CAD are reported
every year in the US, over 600,000 in Europe, 170,000 of these in Germany alone.
The strike price, or exercise price, of an option is the specified share price at which the
shares of stock can be bought or sold by the holder, or buyer, of the option contract if
he exercises his right against a writer, or seller, of the option. To exercise your option
is to exercise your right to buy (in the case of a call) or sell (in the case of a put) the
underlying shares at the specified strike price of the option.
The strike price for an option is initially set at a price which is reasonably close to the
current share price of...
Few people realize that one Country tried a New deal only as recently as 18
years ago, Germany. The German modal could be the modal that some countries
would choose today. But few people realize the German New Deal failed.
When the Berlin Wall fell, East Germany became part of West Germany to
become a new Germany. The West GermanGovernment spent billions rebuilding
Eastern Germany, investing in public works and the financial bailout of ordinary
East German incomes.
The concept for Cancer Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach arose nearly
10 years ago. This seventh annual edition reflects the ongoing commitment of
the authors, editors, and publishers to rapidly disseminate to oncologists the
most current information on the clinical management of cancer patients.
Each chapter in this seventh edition has been updated to keep pace with the
most current diagnostic and treatment recommendations.
The issue of intervention of the internally displaced person should, as a
matter of importance, be reconsidered by the united Nation. This is in view
of the fact that the united Nation High commission for Refuges (UNHCR)
only extends protection or assistance to idps when the UN secretary general
or the UN general assembly has requested the agency to do so. The idps
indeed fall between the cracks of current humanitarian law and assistance,
unlike the refugees who are solely the burden of UNHCR. The role of the
national refuges commission of...
The standard chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients is
currently a combination of taxane and platinum. However, most EOC
patients still suffer relapses, and there is an immediate need for the devel-opment of novel and more effective therapeutic modalities against this
Statistics alone do not tell us why mortality or coverage rates are rising or falling,
nor suggest which policy responses are appropriate. Chapters 2-7 of this report
look beyond the target-by-target information and attempt to identify trends,
successes, and failures which are currently affecting the health sector as a whole.
Some of the challenges are fundamental, and characteristic of poverty and lack
of development in general, although many are specific to health.
Most mental health problems begin with early signs or identifiable risks.
Even infants and toddlers in the first two years of life can experience
risks or more serious conditions. Just over 20 percent of children (or 1
in 5) have either currently or at some point in their lives experienced a
seriously debilitating mental disorder.
Child mental health disorders are
not only very common but can also begin at a very young age.
From the early 1970s to mid-1990s, positron emission tomography (PET)
as a diagnostic imaging modality had been for the most part used in experimental
research. Clinical PET started only a decade ago. 82Rb-RbCl and
18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug administration
in 1989 and 1994, respectively, for clinical PET imaging. Reimbursement
by Medicare was approved in 1995 for 82Rb-PET myocardial
perfusion imaging and for 18F-FDG PET for various oncologic indications
in 1999. Currently several more PET procedures are covered for
As part of The European Society of Cardiology Education Series, this book is focused
on the use of non-invasive imaging in clinical cardiology. Currently, the
main non-invasive imaging modalities include echocardiography, nuclear
imaging, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and (multi-slice) computed
tomography (MSCT). Rather than providing another textbook on imaging
techniques, the central theme in this book is how to use these different imaging
modalities to solve clinical problems that physicians encounter on a regular
The head and neck is a region of considerable anatomical and functional complexity,
making the accurate staging of a head and neck neoplasm a challenging task. The clinician
often detects pathology, but may not appreciate, based on the physical examination, the
entire submucosal tumor extension, nor the possible regional and distant disease spread.
The introduction of CT and MRI has revolutionized head and neck radiology. Current
radiological modalities provide a reliable visualization of the head and neck structures to
an unprecedented level of detail.
The longer migrants live and adapt to their destination country, the more their cancer rates
converge towards those in that country. This has been shown for stomach, colon and
prostate cancer (McKay, 2003). Migrants from non-western countries to Europe were found
to be more prone to cancers that are related to infections experienced in early life, such as
liver, cervical and stomach cancer. In contrast, migrants of non-western origin were less
likely to suffer from cancers related to a western lifestyle, e.g. colorectal and breast cancer
(Arnold et al., 2010)....
Rapid technical advances in medical imaging, including its growing application to
drug/gene therapy and invasive/interventional procedures, have attracted significant
interest in close integration of research in life sciences, medicine, physical sciences
and engineering. This is motivated by the clinical and basic science research requirement
of obtaining more detailed physiological and pathological information about the
body for establishing localized genesis and progression of diseases.
The sixth and last part of the book, considers developments at the international level
within the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It sets out the current state-
of-play within WTO and alternate modalities for scheduling WTO commitments within
the insurance sector, and ends with the chairman’s summary of the meeting which
encapsulates discussions in all areas but focuses on the impact of insurance liberalization
on developing countries.
Aquaculture is a modality of food production that has been experiencing continuous
expansion in many countries worldwide. This expansion brings the challenge of
developing reliable tools for disease control, to assure high productivity of healthy
seafood. The increase of farmed fish production raises the issue of achieving a
sustainable and environmental friendly aquaculture. The adoption of best
management practices in the whole production chain, based on “state of the art”
scientific knowledge, is the key for sustainable health management.
Group psychotherapy is widely practised with different populations, in different settings,
using different approaches based on different theories of the mind, with different
degrees of success. The accent here is on differences . How is a clinician new
to this modality to make sense of this diversity and formulate a personal approach to
leading a group? One ’ s group leadership supervision, course work, and conferences,
are indispensible for professional development.
Transportation demand refers to the amount and type of travel people choose given
specific prices and service options. Current trends are changing travel demands in ways
that increase the value of alternative modes (walking, cycling, ridesharing, public transit,
and telecommunications) and more accessible, multi-modal communities.
Strategic Approach: 1) Identify genetic risk factors for neurocognitive and psychiatric illnesses through high throughput
genotyping, proteomics or next generation sequencing platforms, 2) leverage Canada's unique populations and cohorts for
the genetic analysis, 3) develop new phenotyping modalities to stratify populations for analysis.
Global Context: All neurocognitive and psychiatric disorders of childhood seen in Canada occur worldwide.