Xem 1-20 trên 69 kết quả Current regulatory
  • In recent years, enormous strides have been made in the art and science of credit risk measurement and management. Much of the energy in this area has resulted from dissatisfaction with traditional approaches to credit risk measurement and with the current Bank for International Settlements (BIS) regulatory model.

    pdf336p orchid_1 28-09-2012 112 43   Download

  • The accurate measurement of additives in food is essential in meeting both regulatory requirements and the need of consumers for accurate information about the products they eat. While there are established methods of analysis for many food additives, there are others that still require complete methods. Analytical Methods for Food Additives addresses the lack of established methods of analysis for 26 major additives. In each case, the authors review current research to establish the best available methods and how they should be used.

    pdf273p transang5 30-10-2012 62 30   Download

  • This textbook will be designed for fixed-income securities courses taught on MSc Finance and MBA courses. There is currently no suitable text that offers a 'Hull-type' book for the fixed income student market. This book aims to fill this need. The book will contain numerous worked examples, excel spreadsheets, with a building block approach throughout. A key feature of the book will be coverage of both traditional and alternative investment strategies in the fixed-income market, for example, the book will cover the modern strategies used by fixed-income hedge funds.

    pdf0p tieungot 24-01-2013 61 25   Download

  • Bioinformatics is a growing multidisciplinary field of science comprising biology, computer science, and mathematics. It is the theoretical and computational arm of modern biology. In other words, bioinformatics is a tool in the hands of biologists for analyzing huge amount of biological data available on mainstream public databases. Currently, bioinformatics has gained variety of applications in agriculture, medicine, engineering, and natural science. This book discusses a small portion of these applications along with basic concepts and fundamental techniques in bioinformatics....

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  • many groups and individuals have been motivated to consider the potential for producing ethanol. Across the country, farmer cooperatives, rural development coalitions, bio-energy advocates and others have gathered to explore the process and prospects for developing ethanol production facilities. In many cases these efforts have resulted in the successful development of ethanol plants.

    pdf52p lulanphuong 22-03-2012 35 7   Download

  • Starting from the in situ quality of waterbodies themselves and working backwards to address threats to quality sounds like simple common sense. It is, but it is not how one would describe the current regulatory system. The focus of the current system is on specific numeric discharge limits applied to a precisely defined universe of pollution sources. The quality of surface waters themselves is a binding regulatory issue only if quality is adequately monitored and if point sources are found to be the source of the problem. Effluent taxes could play an important role in...

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  • FMIs can differ significantly in organisation, function, and design. FMIs can be legally organised in a variety of forms, including associations of financial institutions, non- bank clearing corporations, and specialised banking organisations. FMIs may be owned and operated by a central bank or by the private sector. FMIs may also operate as for-profit or not-for-profit entities. Depending on organisational form, FMIs can be subject to different licensing and regulatory schemes within and across jurisdictions. For example, bank and non-bank FMIs are often regulated differently.

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  • The Lao People’s Democratic Republic National Growth and Poverty Eradication Strategy (the equivalent of its Poverty Reduction Strategy) marks population issues, including SRH and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as national priorities, while acknowledging limited success in previous reproductive health initiatives. The current draft for 2011–2015 is targeted towards achieving the MDGs, and priority directions are less explicit in terms of reproductive health (see Box 3).

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  • Addressing diet and physical activity in the workplace has the potential to improve the health status of workers; contribute to a positive and caring image of the company; improve staff morale; reduce staff turnover and absenteeism; enhance productivity; and reduce sick leave, health plan costs and workers' compensation and disability payments.

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  • Over the past 2 decades the implications of endocrine disruption and modula- tion have permeated public consciousness, scienti fi c inquiry, regulatory frame- works, and management decisions in the environmental and biomedical sciences.

    pdf302p namde01 11-04-2013 19 5   Download

  • Renewable fuels standard (RFS) policies are becoming a popular public policy mechanism for developing the market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. During the past decade, U.S. states and several countries began implementing these more market-based (less command and control) policies to support increased biofuels production and use. This paper presents an overview of current and proposed U.S. state-level policies, as well as selected electric sector policies and international fuel standard policies. Current U.S.

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  • Real assets definitely play a significant part in the portfolios of both private and institutional investors. The magnitude of the capital and current investments in real assets can, however, be only roughly estimated as investors – as described – can choose different forms of investment, the market volume of which is often not transparent. The purpose of the investment is also not always clear. For instance, an owner-occupied property is certainly a real asset investment. However, the house owner does not necessarily purchase or build a home with the aim of making a profit.

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  • The use of radio-frequency communication—commonly referred to as wireless communication—is becoming more pervasive as well as more economically and socially important. Technological progress over many decades has enabled the deployment of several successive generations of cellular telephone technology, which is now used by many billions of people worldwide; the near-universal addition of wireless local area networking to personal computers; and a proliferation of actual and proposed uses of wireless communications.

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  • The Commission pursued several approaches, both formal and informal, to conduct a thorough and meaningful study of credit rating agencies. These efforts included informal discussions with credit rating agencies and market participants, formal examinations of credit rating agencies, and public hearings, where market participants were given the opportunity to offer their views on credit rating agencies and their role in the capital markets.

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  • NBN Co’s announced intention is to lodge a Special Access Undertaking (SAU) for approval by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC). NBN Co’s proposed approach to the SAU is further detailed in Section 8.10, Special Access Undertaking with the ACCC, below. NBN Co has previously indicated its view that the SAU could be finalised and lodged with the ACCC once key policy matters such as the number and location of PoIs and the approach to uniform national wholesale pricing were finalised.

    pdf36p bi_ve_sau 05-02-2013 19 4   Download

  • With all this in mind, this publication seeks to identify the relationship between freedom of expression and Internet privacy, assessing where they support or compete with each other in different circumstances. The publication maps out the issues in the current regulatory landscape of Internet privacy from the viewpoint of freedom of expression. It provides an overview of legal protection, self-regulatory guidelines, normative challenges, and case studies relating to the topic.

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  • In the course of updating the earlier research, the authors reviewed the 12 regulatory categories covered in the original report and eliminated three of them (restrictions on portraying children, athletic achievement, and intoxication) because of their limited scope and the difficulty in enforcing them. Two of the earlier placement categories (outdoor ads near children and outdoor ads near schools, playgrounds, and churches) had substantial overlap and were combined into a single “outdoor ads” category.

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  • Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. †Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. ‡Current address: DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Bldg 400, Walnut Creek, CA 94596, USA. Correspondence: Stephanie W Ruby. E-mail: sruby@unm.edu reviews Published: 30 March 2004 Genome Biology 2004, 5:R29 The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at http://genomebiology.

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  • In this book we try to present a balanced overview of modern macroeconomic theory. We have adhered to two guiding principles in writing this book. First, we have adopted a rather eclectic approach by paying attention not just to the most recent insights in the field but also to developments that are currently less fashionable. In doing so we hope to provide the students with a better overview of current and past debates in macroeconomic theory.

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  • Any book written about a subject which is rapidly changing necessarily represents a ‘snapshot’ in time—the author’s attempts to describe the current situation, and to predict what might be the state of things when the book is published. In the case of this book, the speed of change is rapidly increasing as the European Community (EC) nears 31 December 1992, the target date which the Single European Act defines as that by which a Single Market in products should be established.

    pdf383p banhkem0908 24-11-2012 22 3   Download

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