Retroviral vectors have gained an increasing value in gene therapy because they stably deliver
therapeutic genes to the host cell genome. These therapeutic genes are supposed to rectify
consequences of inherited and acquired mutated genes in the host cell genome, or alter host
cell function to cure diseases.
The requirements are also needed for clearly distinguishing car-sharing from "fictive car-
sharing" such as might be established for the sole purpose of taking advantage of special
benefits that genuine car-sharing schemes should be eligible for. The requirement of the
administrator of a car-sharing scheme being a legal entity (requirement 1) and of each vehicle
being registered in the name of a legal entity (requirement 4) reduces the risk of misuse.
Climate change can also be expected to have serious consequences on water resources. Melting
glaciers, higher intensity and more variable rainfall events, and increasing temperatures will
contribute to increased inland flooding, water scarcity and decreasing water quality. Overall, the
greatest human requirement for freshwater resources is for crop irrigation, particularly for
farming in arid regions and in the great paddy fields of Asia.
You’ll start by speaking with the analysts and reading their reports. (See
the “Career Track” box for insights on the work of the money market
credit analyst.) If the fund you’re managing ranges beyond U.S. Treasuries,
you’ll need rigorous research to determine which securities provide minimal
credit risk. You’ll be investing in them for three to six months or longer and
need to be conﬁdent that they’ll repay the fund at the end of the period.
Some larger non-Planned Parenthood facilities report that they could serve some of the
patients who would be lost if Planned Parenthood clinics are excluded. However, they
are generally at, or close to, the limits of their capacity and will not be able to expand
much, if at all, due to other resource or staffing constraints. There is no evidence that
they are prepared to sustain the very large caseload increases that would be required to
fill the gaps left after Planned Parenthood affiliates are excluded.
Before meeting Margaret and Mama Lomayani, Maria would go
to church and cry all day. But now, “They have given me hope,” she
says. Maria braids hair and washes her neighbor’s clothes to earn
money, but it is difficult to make ends meet. Mama Lomayani is
helping Maria obtain a small loan to buy shampoo and oils to sell
and to expand her hair-braiding business. She also hopes to sell
jewelry and other small items to her clients. This money will go
straight into a bank account to pay for her son’s future school fees.
Cancers of the oropharynx often metastasize to upper and
middle jugular chain lymph nodes (Levels II and III), but can also
spread to retropharyngeal lymph nodes, which distinguishes them
from oral cavity tumors and must be considered when treating
oropharyngeal cancers. Tumors in this site are generally treated with
radiotherapy, as a single modality for T 1/2 or N 0/1 stages. Increas-
ingly, some of these cancers are associated with human papilloma
virus 16 infection, especially in nonsmokers.
Dairies are required to have an NMP to protect water quality from livestock nutrient
discharges. Each basic function of the operation, production, collection, storage, transfer,
treatment and field application is covered by the plan. The basis for nutrient management
is sound agronomic use of solid and liquid manure. The Livestock Nutrient Management
Program has inspectors that routinely inspect dairies for compliance with their nutrient
management plans and preventing any discharges to surface and ground water....
Fluid is anechoic (black) on ultrasound. In the case of small amounts of hemoperitoneum,
fluid may be visible only as an anechoic stripe separating the liver and the kidney on the
right, or the spleen and the kidney on the left. Fluid may also accumulate between the
spleen and diaphragm. Free fluid pooled in the pelvis is visible as anechoic collections
lateral to the bladder on a transverse view. Free fluid may also be visible in the recto uterine
recess (pouch of Douglas) in females using a sagittal view. In cases of gross
hemoperitoneum, loops of bowel may be...
Incentive travel is a tool used by organisations to motivate their staff and/or external sales
agents, with the objective of improving performance at both individual and corporate levels.
This tool offers individuals or teams the chance to qualify for an exceptional travel experience,
subject to their attaining preset goals.
While corporate organisations routinely offer a range of employee rewards, including vouchers,
merchandise and cash bonuses, travel has been found to be the most effective motivator.
Drainage wil l be of crucial importance to the success of the development proposals for
the Boa Plain. Flooding is caused by a combination of heavy local rainfall and overflow
from the rivers that flow across the plain. A separate drainage strategy is needed for the
northern sector between the two largest rivers, the Meme and Mokoko, where floods,
particularly from the former, are much larger and last longer than elsewhere. In this
sector a number of major drains leading west, by the most direct route to the sea, wil l
be required — with some remodelling of the Mokoko...
Nowadays most Authors agree that preserving the rectum is useless, so it is sectioned at the
level of anorectal junction. The preparation of the rectum toward anorectal junction is
usually intramesorectal, which rises the risk of bleeding but also reduces the risk of nerve
lesions. However mesorectal excision is mandatory in case of either severe dysplasia or
After pouch construction, ileopouch-anal anastomosis can be either manual or stapled.
The carbon dioxide molecule becomes cluster to
minimize the free energy; as a result pore nucleation is created. These pores cause the
significant expansion of polymeric volume and decrease in polymeric density. A three-
dimensional porous structure (scaffolds) is formed after completion of foaming process.
The porosity of the scaffolds is controlled by the use of porogens like sugar, salts and wax
The outline of this paper is as follows. Section 2 presents the ﬁnancial market
model. Section 3 gives a brief description of the martingale representation theo-
rem in our pure jump context, which is used to generate our completeness results
later. Self-ﬁnancing strategies and the budget constraint are described in detail
in Sect. 4. The ﬁnite horizon problem is formulated and solved in Sect. 5, while
Sect. 6 considers the inﬁnite horizon problem. The completeness of markets with
respect to trading strategies is discussed in Sect. 7.
After analyzing the simple monetary model, we move on to the full monetary
model of Christiano, Motto and Rostagno (2006). That model incorporates a banking
sector and the ﬁnancial frictions in Bernanke, Gertler and Gilchrist (1999). This
model is interesting for two reasons. First, we use the model to investigate the
robustness of our ﬁndings for boom-busts. We feed the model the same signal about
future technology that turns out to be false that we fed to our real business cycle and
simple monetary models. We ﬁnd that the full and simple monetary models behave
According to local inhabitants, garden productivity in the Upper Orinoco region
was signiﬁcantly below normal at the time of the study, a fact that can be attributed
to the El Niño weather conditions in 1997–1998. Colleagues in the region conducted
several aerial surveys, and provided convincing photographic evidence that many
local gardens had been damaged by heavy ﬂooding. During the ﬁeld season, there
were numerous reports of food shortages in the Yanomamö and Ye’kwana
communities along the river.
The booklet is a follow up on the discussion that took place in Lisbon, 1999, at the Seventh
Business meeting of the ENHPS national coordinators. The editors of this publication organized a
workshop titled “Main components of a health promoting school – lessons learned”. The workshop
participants were asked to work in small groups to outline a comprehensive model of a health
promoting school by sharing, confronting and challenging ideas and experience from their own
A web browser is the software
program you use to access the
World Wide Web, the graphical
portion of the Internet. The first
browser, called NCSA Mosaic, was
developed at the National Center
for Supercomputing Applications in
the early 1990s. The easy-to-use
point-and-click interface helped
popularize the Web. Microsoft
Internet Explorer and Netscape
Navigator are the two most
popular ones. A domain name has two or more parts separated by dots and consists of
some form of an organization's name and a three letter or more suffix. For
example, the domain name for IBM is "ibm.
Worldwide consumption in 2005 was equal to 6.13 litres of pure alcohol consumed per
person aged 15 years or older. A large portion of this consumption – 28.6% or 1.76 litres
per person – was homemade, illegally produced or sold outside normal government
controls. However, despite widespread consumption, a higher percentage of people
currently do not drink at all. Almost half of all men and two thirds of women have not
consumed alcohol in the past year.
Collecting health expenditure in Zambia utilizing NHA surveys is an activity that has not been
institutionalized or routine for many private entities and individuals. Similar to other developing
countries, a major barrier to conducting a NHA analysis is collecting data that is available, valid,
reliable, and consistent.
As noted in the 1998 Rwanda HIV/AIDS subanalysis (Schneider et al.