The idea for this book a r m from a short course the authors have been giving at the
University of Kent annually since 1974, to an audience consisting mainly of schoolteachers.
The course has several aims, but one of the most important is to give the participants guided
experience in solving problems in statistics.
Lectures "Applied statistics for business - Chapter 2: Tabular and graphical presentations" provides students with the knowledge: Summarising data for a categorical variable, summarising data for a quantitative variable, summarising data for two variables using tables,... Invite you to refer to the disclosures.
The specific problems associated with concrete and concreting in hot
environments have been recognised for some decades. This recognition has
manifested itself over the years at a few symposia and in hundreds of papers
where relevant research results and field observations were presented and
discussed. In other publications the practical conclusions from these available
data and experiences have been summarised in the form of guidelines for hot
TOWARDS ‘ALL IP’ AND SOME CONCLUDING REMARKS
This concluding chapter provides ﬁrst an introduction to some of the planned release 5 enhancements to UMTS and the GPRS/EDGE RAN (GERAN). These can be seen as the ﬁrst step towards ‘all IP’. The challenges when having to deliver real-time IP services over an air interface, in particular voice over IP services, are summarised and possible solutions to achieve spectrum efﬁciencies similar to those of optimised cellular voice services are outlined.
MULTIPLE ACCESS IN GSM AND (E)GPRS
This chapter discusses features of the GSM air interface from phase 1 recommendations through to the speciﬁcations released in 1999. This entails GSM voice, circuit-switched data, and High Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD) services. A key topic is the matter of radio resource utilisation, hence on top of summarising the relevant system features, we present also some research results dealing with resource utilisation under heterogeneous GSM and HSCSD trafﬁc load....
The structure of the paper is as follows. Section 2 discusses the literature on both measuring
competition and the bank interest rate pass-through. Section 3 describes the Boone indicator of
competition and Section 4 the employed interest rate pass-through model of the error-correction type
and the applied panel unit root and cointegration tests. Section 5 presents the various data sets used.
The results on the various tests and estimates of the spread model and the error correction model
equations are shown in Section 6. Finally, Section 7 summarises and concludes....
A univariate descriptive analysis of the quantitative survey data was undertaken to
summarise the results for each question. Data was recoded by combining categories as
required to facilitate a subsequent bivariate analysis aimed at identifying patterns
within the data. Distributions of the respondents’ demographic variables were cross-
tabulated with their attitudinal variables and future orientation variables. The
coefficients phi, Cramer’s V and Goodman and Kruskal’s gamma were used to measure
associations between variables as appropriate.
Antituberculosis drug resistance is increasing both in
the United Kingdom and internationally.12 It has come
to greater public attention with the emergence of
extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (box 1) in South
Africa, where an outbreak proved rapidly fatal among
people with advanced HIV infection.3 In this article we
review recent global and UK trends in drug resistant
tuberculosis and summarise its diagnosis, treatment,