This monograph (a preferable term here to ‘book’, I believe) was conceived after I had done a good deal of broadcasting, within the UK and internationally, on the Gulf Coast oil spill. Time is always limited in a broadcast, and facts and valid perspectives need to be got across succinctly to the exclusion of shallow comments which hardly leave a viewer or listener any better informed. I like to go to a broadcast having made a few jottings from news sources which as well as being possible material for the broadcast have attuned my mind to the topic shortly before...
Raising the Bar for Safety: In response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico,
the Obama Administration has launched the most aggressive and comprehensive reforms to
offshore oil and gas regulation and oversight in U.S. history. The reforms, which strengthen
requirements for everything from well design and workplace safety to corporate accountability,
are helping to ensure that the U.S. can safely and responsibly expand development of its
offshore energy resources.
If there have been events of human exposure to the mixture, such as a prior oil spill, worker health
studies can provide the greatest amount of insight regarding future spills. These studies, such as the one
conducted after the Prestige oil spill off the coast of Spain1
, comprehensively examine adverse health
effects of oil rather than a single constituent chemical.
Economic impact questions within the study represent a carry‐over from established study methods
from organizational efforts prior to the execution of this study. LABB began collecting, examining and
reporting economic impacts resultant of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Disaster immediately after the spill.
Survey participants were questioned regarding experienced economic impacts in a manner that is more
individualistic than established methods of economic study.
We begin this book during the Fourth of July weekend, 75 days after the
Deepwater Horizon exploded, burst into flames, and sank, killing 11 men.
In the wake of this accident came the worst environmental disaster in U.S.
history. The starting date of our writing is significant because this is a weekend
when normally thousands of people would descend on the beaches and
restaurants of the Gulf Coast. The Gulf is a place of great bounty. A couple
of hours with some traps produces enough blue crabs to make a cauldron of
gumbo that can feed a family and guests for days.
Of course the Deepwater Horizon oil spill served as a reminder that we must develop our domestic
energy resources both safely and responsibly. Eleven men died and Americans watched as nearly
five million barrels of oil spilled into the Gulf of Mexico. Subsequent reviews exposed significant
weaknesses in the regulatory process and an industry unduly complacent about the safety of
offshore oil and gas development.
Already, the Administration has launched commonsense requirements to improve safety,
including directing deepwater operators to demonstrate that they have the capability to
contain a sub-sea discharge like the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Since these important new
standards were put into place, the Department of the Interior has continued to issue shallow
water permits – and the pace of deepwater permitting has escalated now that operators have
begun successfully demonstrating containment capability. ...
The Deepwater Horizon Oil Disaster is one of the worst environmental disasters in history. The resulting
crude oil and Corexit (dispersant) in the Gulf of Mexico can cause harm to humans and the environment
When discussing the effects of the oil spill, use of the term toxic causes difficulty in that it can describe
either toxic to humans, toxic to nature or both.
The aforementioned water scarcity problems, water quality problems, and climate-related
impacts will be a major challenge to businesses in the years ahead. It is increasingly clear
that the era of cheap and easy access to water is ending, posing a potentially greater threat
to businesses than the loss of any other natural resource, including fossil fuel resources.
This is because there are various alternatives for oil, but for many industrial processes, and
for human survival itself, there is no substitute for water.
This survey‐based study serves a two‐fold function. Primarily, this study will be used to gain insight into
the extent of the health and economic impacts associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Disaster. The
study also serves as a pilot for survey methods associated with health impact surveillance within
communities affected by environmental toxics, especially those associated with the Deepwater Horizon