Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play important roles in
mediating pathogen responses and reactive oxygen species signaling. In
plants, MAPKs are classified into four major groups (A–D). Previous stud-ies have mainly focused on groups A and B, but little is known about
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Genetic transformation of cotton with a harpin-encoding gene hpaXoo confers an enhanced defense response against different pathogens through a priming mechanism
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Calcium-mediated perception and defense responses activated in plant cells by metabolite mixtures secreted by the biocontrol fungus Trichoderma atroviride
Today, in response to changes in the political, fiscal, and strategic environments, the United States is revising its global defense posture. The Department of Defense has announced a number of initiatives that are a part of its rebalancing toward Asia, while, at the same time, maintaining a significant presence in Southwest Asia, even a
The defense acquisition workforce includes more than 130,000 military and civilian personnel responsible for providing a wide range of acquisition, technology, and logistics support to the nation’s warfighters. This report summarizes workforce analyses that RAND has undertaken in support of the Defense Acquisition University,
VHDL (VHSIC Hardware Description Language) is a language for describing hardware. Its requirement emerged during the VHSIC development program of the US Department of Defense. The department organized a work shop in 1981 to lay down the specifications of a language which could describe hardware at various levels of abstractions, could generate test signals and record responses, and could act as a medium of information exchange between the chip foundries and the CAD tool operators.
Abiotic stresses are serious threats to agriculture and the environment which have been exa‐
cerbated in the current century by global warming and industrialization. According to FAO
statistics, more than 800 million hectares of land throughout the world are currently salt-af‐
fected, including both saline and sodic soils equating to more than 6% of the world’s total
land area. Continuing salinization of arable land is expected to have overwhelming global
impact, resulting in a 30% loss of agricultural land over the next 25 years and up to 50% loss
The project baseline, which is the focus of Chapter 7, arguably falls into place when
planning is complete and the team members have agreed all the scheduled dates. At
this juncture, values are stored, and these include the agreed tasks; the scheduled
start and finish dates for the tasks; team members who will be responsible for
scheduled tasks; and the budgeted cost. All that is done cognisant of performance,
cost, time and scope (PCTS) of the project.
The criteria used to assess measurements are summarised in Table 2.1. Full details are
not presented here but have been documented and are available on request (Appendix 2).
On the basis of the assessment, proposals were presented in December, January, March
and April and reviewed by all project participants (steering group, expert group, project
The wide range of interests and responsibilities of participants meant that an element of
compromise was essential, given realistic expectations of resource availability.
Due to the growing importance of forest goods and services an increasing amount of information is
being collected on the ecological and also on the socio-economic value of goods and services
provided by forests. However, much of this information is collected and presented at incompatible
scales or it has been classified differently. In order to make comparative ecological or economic
analysis possible, standardized frameworks for assessing the importance of forest goods and services
All members of the social health insurance scheme are automatically covered by social long-
term care insurance. The responsible long-term care insurance funds (Pflegekassen) are
affiliated to the corresponding health insurance funds (Krankenkassen). Employees who are
not covered by social LTC insurance are permitted to contract with a private long-term care
insurance institution as long as they are members of a private health insurance scheme.
The ovaries stop releasing eggs (ova), and menstrual periods stop (Menopause). Most women experience menopause around age of 45 to 50. Prior to menopause, menstrual cycles often become irregular.
The vaginal walls become less elastic, thinner, and less rigid. The vagina becomes shorter. Secretions become scant and watery. The external genital tissue decreases and thins (atrophy of the labia). A woman may experience changes in her sex drive (libido) and her sexual response may change, but aging does not prevent a woman from being able to have or enjoy sexual relationships.
Project managers often run into problems because they try to assign tasks rather than areas of responsibility.
In the belief that a highly structured, organized form of management is the only key to project success, they
may overlook the need of team members to be given a share of the job, instead of just being told what to do.
Scheduling and the giving out of assignments cannot be separated from one another. They are part of the same
process of defining areas of responsibility. The person who is given responsibility for a range of duties may
be told what to do; or he or she...
Metallothioneins (MTs) constitute a family of cysteine-rich metalloproteins
involved in cytoprotection during pathology. In mammals there are four
isoforms (MT-I )IV), of which MT-I and -II (MT-I + II) are the best
characterized MT proteins in the brain. Accumulating studies have demon-strated MT-I + II as multipurpose factors important for host defense
responses, immunoregulation, cell survival and brain repair.
A novel elicitor that induces chitinases in tobacco BY-2 cells was isolated
from Alternaria alternata102. Six other fungi, includingA. alternataIFO
6587, could not induce, or weakly induce chitinase activity. The purified
elicitor was soluble in 75% methanol and showed the chitinase-inducing
activity when applied at concentrations of as low as 25 ngÆmL
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Transcriptional responses to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-induced stress in Arabidopsis thaliana reveal the involvement of hormone and defense signaling pathways
The purpose of this Supplement to the 2005 Guidance (Supplement) is to reinforce
the Guidance’s risk management framework and update the Agencies’
expectations regarding customer authentication, layered security, or other controls
in the increasingly hostile online environment.
.The research described in this report was conducted within the Forces and Resources Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.