Although farmers do not receive any support from society for the contribution of the dehesa
to welfare of society and the environment, they still conserve, prune and reforest oaks to
maintain fruit production to feed and fatten Iberian pigs during the montanera or pannage.
The ability of the Iberian pig breed to feed on acorns is a key feature in maintaining the
The utility of primer pairs in SCoTs was advocated by Gorji et al. (2011). SCoT
markers are generally reproducible, and it is suggested that primer length and annealing
temperature are not the sole factors determining reproducibility (Gorji et al., 2011). They are
dominant markers, however, while a number of co-dominant markers are also generated
during amplification, and thus they could be used for genetic diversity analysis (Collard &
Mackill, 2009b). This has been validated through study of genetic diversity among rice
varieties (Collard & Mackill, 2009b).
First among the threats to forest biodiversity identified by BirdLife
International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (FIPI) is hunting,
because of the value and rarity of the game, followed by firewood and other non-
timber forest product (NTFP) collection, timber cutting, forest fires (including
human-made as part of scrap metal collection) and clearance of forest land for
agriculture (Le Trong Trai et al. 2001). But the threats are usually specific to each
site, and detailed information is needed for each location, as we did in Khe Tran.
Over the next 10 years, federal spending on crop insurance is projected to outpace spending on
traditional commodity programs by about one-third, which might capture the attention of budget
cutters looking for potential sources of savings. Insurance companies, farm groups, and some
members of Congress are concerned that additional reductions in federal support will negatively
impact the financial health of the crop insurance industry and possibly jeopardize the delivery of
Under free ranging conditions, the frequency of drinking water by camel depends on a
number of factors such as the ambient temperature, the water content of the feed and the
physiological status of the animal. Lactating females obviously require more water than
dry cows, bulls or castrates. It is said that throughout the winter period, camels may not
have access to free water. There is an historial record held by camels in Sudan where it
was noted 86 years ago that a large herd of camels at a well on May 11, 1917 were
drinking free water for the...
People use social media for a number of reasons: communicating, collaborating, seeking expert advice,
sharing multimedia, presenting opinions, sharing reviews and for entertainment.
Many claim that social media brings a new sense of community by allowing people to connect with others
who are similar to themselves. While this might involve reconnecting with long lost friends from childhood
or former coworkers, it is also used to meet new friends who have similar interests.
An increasing number of people are using social media in their buying decisions.
In later eras, new materials have been closely associated with radical change. The development of
paper was as important as the printing press in revolutionising communications. The introduction
of gunpowder into Europe transformed warfare. In more modern times, gas lighting only became
demonstrably superior to oil and candles with the introduction of the gas mantle, composed of
novel materials such as thorium and cerium oxides. A hundred years ago electric filament lamps
were made possible by other novel and fairly unusual materials, osmium and tungsten.
It was during the Depression that hospitals band-
ed together to offer prepaid coverage to citizens.
Prepaid hospital coverage was a way for hospitals to
avoid the financial failure that befell the banking
industry. The approach worked so well that doctors
followed suit a few years later and Blue Cross Blue
Shield organizations were born. Little did anyone
know that the seeds for runaway costs eighty years
later had been planted.
Prepaid, employer-provided insurance quickly
dominated the health care landscape.
Possibilities can be explained from several semantic aspects. One way to
explain possibility is ease of achievement. Another way is plausibility; that is,
the propensity of an event to occur, which relates to the concept of “potential
surprise”. A third way to explain possibility is logical consistency with
available information. Finally, possibility can be explained as preference,
referring to the willingness of an agent to make a decision. Possibility is
dually related to necessity in the sense that “not A” being not possible means
that A is necessary.
As seen in Table 7, both Planned Parenthood and other WHP clinics typically offer a
comprehensive range of contraceptive methods. The methods include oral contraceptives (the
Pill) as well as long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) such as intrauterine devices
(IUDs), implants (e.g., Implanon), or injectables (e.g., Depo-Provera). LARCs are particularly
important because they are the most effective in preventing unintended pregnancies and have
lower failure rates.
When starting hormonal contraception after POEC (Levonelle 1500® or Levonelle One Step®)
additional contraception should be advised until contraceptive efficacy is established (see
Summary on page iv).
There are no data on quick starting hormonal contraception after use of the emergency
contraceptive, ulipristal acetate (UPA) (ellaOne®). As UPA is a progesterone receptor
modulator that blocks the action of progesterone, it may affect the contraceptive efficacy of
hormonal methods.35,36 However, no interaction studies have been carried out to date.
As a member of the Advisory Panel of NATO's Science Program, "Science and
Technology Policy and Organization (STPO)," the major sponsor of this ARW, and due to
my professional and personal interest in the topic, I had the pleasure of participating in the
Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) in Krakow 5-9 November 2002. The NATO
Science Program attempts to have Panel representation at all major events.
Current average fuel economy levels vary consid-
erably by country. Across the OECD the average
figure in 2005 was around 8 litres per 100 km for
new cars (including SUVs and minivans and in-
cluding both gasoline and diesel vehicles). With a
50% fuel economy improvement, the average new
car performance in OECD markets would improve
to around 4 litres per 100 km (about 90 g/km of
Public authorities are major consumers in Europe,
spending some 16 % of the EU’s gross domestic
product (which is a sum equivalent to half the
GDP of Germany). By using their purchasing
power to opt for goods and services that also
respect the environment, they can make an
important contribution towards sustainable
Extraction activities disturb the land surface through
clearing of vegetation, removal of topsoil, excavation
of ore and overburden and the construction of over-
burden dumps or solar evaporation ponds.
Removal and stockpiling of topsoil for subsequent
rehabilitation is carried out at many mining opera-
tions. In a number of cases, topsoil is removed and
placed directly on landscaped reclaimed areas. This
avoids the cost of re-transporting topsoil from stock-
piles and the possible reduction of biodiversity.
The primary goals of the School of Medicine at SBU
are to 1) advance the medical sciences by translating
cutting-edge biomedical science into diagnostic, thera-
peutic and prognostic advances, 2) develop a diverse
cadre of caring and skilled physicians and biomedical
scientists who are outstanding candidates for graduate
and specialty training programs, 3) deliver compassion-
ate clinical care in an efficient, state-of-the-art, safe and
cost-conscious fashion, and 4) reach out to multiple
communities to enrich both our citizens and ourselves.
In particular, note that there are two potential sources of timing-related fund returns
that are correlated with public information. The ﬁrst, predictable fund risk-loadings, may
be due to changing stock-level risk loadings, to ﬂows into the funds, or to manager timing
of the benchmarks. The second exploits predictability in the benchmark returns
themselves. Such predictability is captured through the time-series regression in Eq. (2).
Because both of these timing components are assumed to be easily replicated by an
investor, we do not consider them to be based on manager ‘‘skill.
Article 27 of the Federal Constitution serves as the foundation for property rights in Mexico. Under
Article 27, only Mexicans by birth or naturalization and Mexican corporations have the inherent right
to acquire ownership of land. Even so, the state has the authority to grant foreigners the same right
given to its citizens to acquire real property, but only if foreign purchasers agree not to invoke the
protection of their governments in matters relating to real property.
From a banking group’s perspective, a range of factors play a role in the choice of
branching versus subsidiarization, including banks’ business focus and differences in
regulatory and tax regimes across jurisdictions. Banks with significant wholesale operations
tend to prefer a more centralized branch model that provides the flexibility to manage
liquidity and credit risks globally and serve the needs of large clients.
This study examines typical bonus contracts, providing a more complete
analysis of their accounting incentive effects than earlier studies. The theory is
tested using actual parameters and definitions of bonus contracts for a sample
of 94 companies. Two classes of tests are presented: accrual tests and tests of
changes in accounting procedures. I define accruals as the difference between...