This textbook could not have been produced without the
encouragement and help of many people. We thank our families
for their patience and support throughout the writing,
editing, and production. We were fortunate to have so many
quality colleagues to contribute many chapters in this work.
We hope that covering the many topics by worldwide authors
has given us a chance to present a thorough documentation
of the art and science of Equine Veterinary Dentistry.
We are indebted to the excellence and patience of the editing
and production staff of Harcourt Brace (W. B.
In order to secure child’s healthy
development, having a healthy nutrition and
maintaining a desirable level of physical
exercise are not enough only by themselves.
Following rules of hygiene is also required, so
that the likelihood of kids getting sick is
limited. It has been proven that frequent
hand-washing is an effective way to protect
children from infectious diseases, since
spreading of diseases at school becomes
limited in this way.
WRITING TASK 1: Y ou should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
Eating sweet foods produces acid in the mouth which can cause tooth decay. ( High acid levels are measured low pH values). Decrible the information below and discuss the implication for dental health.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. Eating sweet foods produces acid in the mouth, which can cause tooth decay. (High acid levels are measured by low pH values) Describe the information below and discuss the implications for dental
A final reason to believe a connection between pollution and asthma might exist is that studies with
more convincing empirical designs have found consistent effects of pollution on children’s health. Chay and
Greenstone (2001) use declines in pollution that resulted from the 1980-82 recession and find a strong link
between total suspended particles and infant mortality. Since most infant mortality is due to respiratory
failure, it is reasonable to suspect that pollution could be related to other respiratory illnesses, such as
Dental problems such as caries, erosion, epulis, periodontal infection, loose teeth, and ill-fitting crowns, bridges, and dentures (prostheses) may have special significance during pregnancy (5;8;9;19;2325).
Tooth decay is the result of repeated acid attacks on the tooth enamel. Any increase in tooth decay during pregnancy may be due to changes in diet and oral hygiene. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy can cause extensive erosion. Pregnancy gingivitis is present in over 30 percent of pregnant women. At the time of labor and delivery, dislodged teeth or prostheses could cause complications....