Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả Dental medicine
  • Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. ...

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  • Medicine and dentistry are continuously evolving, due largely to the influences and interactions of new methods, technologies, and materials. Partly because of outdated testing requirements, our students can no longer adequately meet the increasing demands these changes have placed on a patient-oriented education.

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  • The first task of any aspiring professional is to become acquainted with the terminology of the chosen subject. When the need arises to understand and discuss problems in another professional field, it is, inevitably, the new terminology that forms the largest barrier to communication and which may lead to misunderstanding. Claims of negligence against the professions have been increasing over the last few years. Lawyers increasingly have to deal with the subject of dental surgery in its widest sense.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'contemporary approach to dental caries edited by ming-yu li', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Emergency medicine procedure" presents the following contents: Skin and soft tissue procedures, neurologic and neurosurgical procedures, anesthesia and analgesia, obstetrical and gynecologic procedures, genitourinary procedures, ophthalmologic procedures, otolaryngologic procedures, dental procedures, podiatric procedures, miscellaneous procedures.

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  • 20 A Comparison of the Effects of the Latham–Millard POPLA Procedure with a Conservative Treatment Approach on Dental Occlusion and Facial Aesthetics in CUCLP and CBCLP Samuel Berkowitz, Martha Mejia 20.1 Dental Occlusion One of the most widely debated areas in the treatment of cleft lip and palate involves the use of presurgical orthopedics and periosteoplasty with lip adhesion (POPLA) designed by Ralph Latham (orthodontist) and D. Ralph Millard, Jr. (plastic surgeon) [1, 2].

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  • In the past few decades, the Finite Element Method (FEM) has been developed into a key indispensable technology in the modeling and simulation of various engineering systems. The present book reports on the state of the art research and development findings on this very broad matter through original and innovative research studies exhibiting various investigation directions of FEM in electrical, civil, materials and biomedical engineering.

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  • The book "Applied Fracture Mechanics" presents a collection of articles on application of fracture mechanics methods to materials science, medicine, and engineering. In thirteen chapters, a wide range of topics is discussed, including strength of biological tissues, safety of nuclear reactor components, fatigue effects in pipelines, environmental effects on fracture among others. In addition, the book presents mathematical and computational methods underlying the fracture mechanics applications, and also developments in statistical modeling of fatigue.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 32. Oral Manifestations of Disease Oral Manifestations of Disease: Introduction As primary care physicians and consultants, internists are often asked to evaluate patients with disease of the oral soft tissues, teeth, and pharynx. Knowledge of the oral milieu and its unique structures is necessary to guide preventive services and recognize oral manifestations of local or systemic disease (Chap. e7).

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  • At a recent meeting of the American Academy of Esthetic Dentistry a survey questioned whether aesthetic treatment methods were ethical. The situation typical for that time was used as basis for the survey: "Let's assume that the patient is completely healthy and there are no biological or physical reasons for a therapeutic intervention.

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  • Dental Care of Medically Complex Patients Routine dental care (e.g., extraction, scaling and cleaning, tooth restoration, and root canal) is remarkably safe. The most common concerns regarding care of dental patients with medical disease are fear of excessive bleeding for patients on anticoagulants, infection of the heart valves and prosthetic devices from hematogenous seeding of oral flora, and cardiovascular complications resulting from vasopressors used with local anesthetics during dental treatment. Experience confirms that the risks of any of these complications are very low.

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  • Endophthalmitis This occurs from bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic infection of the internal structures of the eye. It is usually acquired by hematogenous seeding from a remote site. Chronically ill, diabetic, or immunosuppressed patients, especially those with a history of indwelling IV catheters or positive blood cultures, are at greatest risk for endogenous endophthalmitis. Although most patients have ocular pain and injection, visual loss is sometimes the only symptom.

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  • Orbital Cellulitis This causes pain, lid erythema, proptosis, conjunctival chemosis, restricted motility, decreased acuity, afferent pupillary defect, fever, and leukocytosis. It often arises from the paranasal sinuses, especially by contiguous spread of infection from the ethmoid sinus through the lamina papyracea of the medial orbit. A history of recent upper respiratory tract infection, chronic sinusitis, thick mucous secretions, or dental disease is significant in any patient with suspected orbital cellulitis. Blood cultures should be obtained, but they are usually negative.

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  • Periodontal Disease Periodontal disease accounts for more tooth loss than caries, particularly in the elderly. Like dental caries, chronic infection of the gingiva and anchoring structures of the tooth begins with formation of bacterial plaque. The process begins invisibly above the gum line and in the gingival sulcus. Plaque, including mineralized plaque (calculus), is preventable by appropriate dental hygiene, including periodic professional cleaning.

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  • Aging and Oral Health While tooth loss and dental disease are not normal consequences of aging, a complex array of structural and functional changes occurs with age that can affect oral health. Subtle changes in tooth structure (e.g., diminished pulp space and volume, sclerosis of dentinal tubules, altered proportions of nerve and vascular pulp content) result in diminished or altered pain sensitivity, reduced reparative capacity, and increased tooth brittleness.

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  • Antibiotic prophylaxis, if 100% effective, likely prevents only a small number of cases of endocarditis; nevertheless, it is possible that rare cases are prevented. Weighing the potential benefits, potential adverse events, and costs associated with antibiotic prophylaxis, the expert committee of the American Heart Association has dramatically restricted the recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. Prophylactic antibiotics (Table 118-7) are advised only for those patients at highest risk for severe morbidity or death from endocarditis (Table 1188).

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  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis The vertebrae are the most common sites of hematogenous osteomyelitis in adults. Organisms reach the well-perfused vertebral body via spinal arteries and quickly spread from the end plate into the disk space and then to the adjacent vertebral body. Sources of bacteremia include the urinary tract (especially among men over age 50), dental abscesses, soft tissue infections, and contaminated IV lines, but the source of bacteremia is not evident in more than half of patients.

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  • We used the same methodology to project the share of single-family attached, single-family detached, multi-family, and manufactured units for each age group. We acknowledge that the adjustment factor used to calculate the number of householders is a simplifying one. It does not account for any subsequent changes in tastes and preferences, much less any changes in life choice trends – e.g., living long enough to remarry and have a second spouse after either being widowed or divorced. However, the direction or impact these types of changes will have is uncertain.

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  • Table 76-1 Common Characteristics of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosaa Bulimia Nervosa Clinical Characteristics Onset Mid-adolescence Late adolescence/early adulthood Female:male 10:1 10:1 Lifetime prevalence 1% 1–3% in women Weight Markedly decreased Usually normal Menstruation Absent Usually normal Binge eating 25–50% Required diagnosis for Mortality 5% per decade Low Physical and Laboratory Findingsa Skin/extremities Lanugo Acrocyanosis Edema Cardiovascular Bradycardia Hypotension Gastrointestinal Salivary enlargement glan...

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  • Health and Quality of Life Outcomes BioMed Central Research Open Access Response shift and glycemic control in children with diabetes Julie A Wagner* Address: Department of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, University of Connecticut, School of Dental Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA Email: Julie A Wagner* - juwagner@uchc.edu * Corresponding author Published: 14 June 2005 Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2005, 3:38 38 doi:10.1186/1477-7525-3- Received: 14 April 2005 Accepted: 14 June 2005 This article is available from: http://www.hqlo.

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