Describe diseases

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  • Infectious diseases continue to represent a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in the critical care unit. Infectious diseases maintain their preeminence in the critical care unit setting because of their frequency and importance in the critical unit patient population. Since the first edition of Infectious Diseases in Critical Care Medicine, there have been newly described infectious diseases to be considered in differential diagnosis, and new antimicrobial agents have been added to the therapeutic armamentarium.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 54. Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease: Introduction It is now a generally accepted concept in medicine that the skin can show signs of internal disease. Therefore, in textbooks of medicine one finds a chapter describing in detail the major systemic disorders that can be identified by cutaneous signs. The underlying assumption of such a chapter is that the clinician has been able to identify the disorder in the patient and needs only to read about it in the textbook.

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  • Becoming less common. Poikiloderma is a term used to describe a patch of skin with (1) reticulated hypo- and hyperpigmentation, (2) wrinkling secondary to epidermal atrophy, and (3) telangiectasias. Poikiloderma does not imply a single disease entity—although becoming less common, it is seen in skin damaged by ionizing radiation as well as in patients with autoimmune connective tissue diseases, primarily dermatomyositis (DM), and rare genodermatoses (e.g., Kindler syndrome). In scleroderma, the dilated blood vessels have a unique configuration and are known as mat telangiectasias.

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  • This marrow section shows the marrow cavity replaced by fibrous tissue composed of reticulin fibers and collagen. When this fibrosis is due to a primary hematologic process, it is called myelofibrosis. When the fibrosis is secondary to a tumor or a granulomatous process, it is called myelophthisis. Diagnosis While the clinical picture described above is characteristic of chronic IMF, all of the clinical features described can also be observed in PV or CML.

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  • Background: Dercum’s disease (DD) is characterised by obesity and chronic pain ( 3 months) in the adipose tissue. The pathogenesis of DD is unknown, but inflammatory components have been proposed. In previous reports and studies, an inconsistent picture of the histological appearance of the adipose tissue in DD has been described. The aim of this investigation was to examine the histological appearance of adipose tissue in patients with DD, with particular focus on inflammatory signs. Methods: Fat biopsies were sampled from painful regions from 53 patients with DD.

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  • Chapter 28 - Infectious and communicable diseases. This chapter identify general public health principles related to infectious disease, describe the chain of elements necessary for an infectious disease to occur, explain how internal and external barriers affect susceptibility to infection,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Gastro esophageal reflux disease help you recognize the typical clinical presentation for GERD 2, understand pathophysiology of GERD, describe an appropriate diagnostic plan, prescribe an appropriate therapeutic regime.

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  • Chapter 23 provides knowledge of diseases of the eyes, ears, nose, and throat. This chapter describe the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and specific management techniques for each of the following disorders of the eye: conjunctivitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, inflammation (Chalazion and Hordeolum), glaucoma, iritis, papilledema, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, and orbital cellulitis;...

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  • Research objectives: Describe the clinical and subclinical characteristics in patients with Graves’ disease. Evaluation of Graves' disease treatment in children by anti-thyroid drug methimazole group synthesis. Survey and evaluate change TRAb levels and some clinical parameters, subclinical concerning treatment outcome and recurrence in children with Graves’ disease.

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  • Welcome to the world of medical terminology! Learning this special language is an important step in preparing for your career as a health care professional. Here’s good news: Learning medical terms is much easier than learning a foreign language because you are already familiar with quite a few of the words—such as appendicitis and tonsillectomy. Understanding new words becomes easier with the discovery that many of these terms are made up of interchangeable word parts that are used in different combinations.

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  • A proven and unique combination of learning principles and exercises, this highly acclaimed book continues to get better! Medical Terminology for Health Professions, Sixth Edition, simplifies the process of learning hundreds of complex medical terms. The See and Say pronunciation system makes pronouncing unfamiliar terms easy. Because word parts are integral to learning medical terminology, mastery of these "building blocks" is emphasized in every chapter.

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  • Neoplastic disease In most cases, the cause of cancer is multifactorial. About 75% of cancers are due to environmental factors, some of which are within the control of the individual, e.g. tobacco smoking, exposure to sunlight. Growing understanding of cancer genetics and inherited disease suggests that fewer than 10% of cancers are familial.The different systemic modalities used to treat cancer patients are discussed. Immunosuppressive drugs are described here as they share many characteristics with cytotoxics. ...

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  • The next important milestone emerged in 1990 when three independent working groups described the role of2-glycoprotein I as a target antigen in antiphospholipid antibodies’ action (Galli M, et al; 1990, Matsura E, et al; 1990, McNeil HP, et al; 1990). This discovery substantially changed point of view of many of the researchers and also clinical practisers in the topic and it led to research of 2-glycoprotein I structure, function and confirmation of significance of its antibodies presence during the next years....

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  • The American Medical Association Complete Guide to Men’s Health provides up-to-date information that will enable you to adopt healthy habits that you can follow throughout your life. The book emphasizes the basics of a healthy lifestyle and the steps you can take to prevent illness. In clear, easy-to-understand language, this book describes how different body systems work, answers many questions you may have about common diseases and disorders, and explains how many of these conditions can be prevented.

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  • When retrograde dissociative amnesia is accompanied by suddenly leaving the customary environment and compromised knowledge about personal identity – the condition is named dissociative fugue. Fugues have been reported for over a century, though they were frequently erroneously associated with epilepsy (e.g., Burgl, 1900; Donath, 1899). A century ago, these conditions were named Wanderlust in Germany (cf e.g. Burgl, 1900). Fugue states were described to be preponderant in children and young adults (Dana, 1894; Donath, 1908).

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  • The procedure described by Young involved a transverse incision between the ischial tuberosities 2 cm above the anus (Young, 1926). The ischiorectal fossa was then opened by blunt finger dissection, carrying the dissection medially and reflecting the rectum posteriorly. The central tendon of the perineum was then cut exposing the recto-urethralis muscle which was opened by sharp dissection and reflected laterally, exposing the capsule of the prostate (figure 5). The abnormal area on the prostate was grasped with Allis forceps and excised widely and deeply.

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  • The aspirator should be aware of the pertinent history and clinical information, significant radiological studies and the clinical question that FNAB may answer. The procedure as well as the minor complications of bruising and bleeding should be explained to the patient. Site-specific complications for deep needle aspiration biopsy should be described to the patient if image guided FNAB is performed. Informed consent should be obtained from the patient, guardian or legal representative.

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  • "Bioactive Food Peptides in Health and Disease" highlights recent developments on bioactive food peptides for the promotion of human health and the prevention/management of chronic diseases. The book provides a comprehensive revision of bioactive peptides obtained from both animal and plant food sources. Aspects related to their bioactivity, mechanism of action, and bioavailability are extensively described along the different chapters.

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  • The importance of the Notch signaling in the development of glomerular diseases has been recently described. Therefore we analyzed in podocytes the expression and activity of ADAM10, one important component of the Notch signaling complex. Methods: By Western blot, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry analysis we characterized the expression of ADAM10 in human podocytes,

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  • The authors of this book are American and European neurologists. This book is termed a “neuromuscular atlas” and is designed to help in the diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases at all levels of the peripheral nervous system. This book is written for students, residents, physicians and neurologists who do not specialize in neuromuscular diseases. The first chapter describes the numerous tools used in the diagnosis of neuromuscular disease. These include history taking, the physical examination, laboratory values, electrophysiology, biopsy and genetics.

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