Maintenance costs, as defined by normal plant accounting procedures, are
normally a major portion of the total operating costs in most plants. Traditional
maintenance costs (i.e., labor and material) in the United States have escalated at
a tremendous rate over the past 10 years. In 1981, domestic plants spent more
than $600 billion to maintain their critical plant systems. By 1991, the costs had
increase to more than $800 billion, and they were projected to top $1.2 trillion by
the year 2000.
This Handbook provides a concise overview of the latest technologies for managing industrial air pollution in petrochemical, oil and gas, and allied industries. Detailed material on equipment selection, sizing, and troubleshooting operations is provided along with practical design methodology. Unique to this volume are discussions and information on energy-efficient technologies and approaches to implementing environmental cost accounting measures.
What is a filter? A filter is a device that passes electric signals at certain frequencies or frequency ranges while preventing the passage of others. — Webster. Filter circuits are used in a wide variety of applications. In the field of telecommunication, band-pass filters are used in the audio frequency range (0 kHz to 20 kHz) for modems and speech processing. High-frequency band-pass filters (several hundred MHz) are used for channel selection in telephone central offices.
A networking firewall is a logical barrier designed to prevent unauthorized
or unwanted communications between sections of a computer network.
Linux-based firewalls besides being highly customizable and versatile are also
robust, inexpensive, and reliable.
The two things needed to build firewalls and QoS with Linux are two packages
named netfilter and iproute. While netfilter is a packet-filtering framework included
in the Linux kernels 2.4 and 2.6, iproute is a package containing a few utilities that
allow Linux users to do advanced routing and traffic shaping....
companion document, entitled Guidance on Safety Performance Indicators (2003), will be published immediately
following the 2nd edition of the Guiding Principles. The Guidance on SPI is designed to assist relevant
stakeholders to establish programmes for assessing their own performance related to the prevention of,
preparedness for, and response to chemical accidents.
At the beginning of the millennium, the Þght against money laundering
features very high on the international, and in many countries, also on
the domestic, political agenda. The speed with which norm-makers have
put in place a set of legal rules designed to Þght the laundering of the pro-
ceeds, Þrst from drug trafÞcking, and, later on, of the proceeds from many
other criminal activities as well, is impressive. There is of course more
than one explanation for the high level of attention the subject of money
laundering is receiving.
THE ESSENCE OF THE GUIDELINES presented here—start with your reports,
enter the data directly into the computer, validate on entry, and
monitor your results continuously—first appeared in a newsletter I
edited in the mid-1980s.The reactions of readers then ranged from
tepid to outwardly hostile:“We can’t afford to give every physician a
computer,” raged one data manager, ignoring the $10,000 per patient
that is the normal minimal expense for clinical data.
FMIs can differ significantly in organisation, function, and design. FMIs can be
legally organised in a variety of forms, including associations of financial institutions, non-
bank clearing corporations, and specialised banking organisations. FMIs may be owned and
operated by a central bank or by the private sector. FMIs may also operate as for-profit or
not-for-profit entities. Depending on organisational form, FMIs can be subject to different
licensing and regulatory schemes within and across jurisdictions. For example, bank and
non-bank FMIs are often regulated differently.
Screening is performed earlier and more frequently when there is a strong
family history. Randomized, controlled trials have documented that fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) confers a 15 to 30% reduction in colon cancer mortality. Although randomized trials have not been performed for sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, well-designed case-control studies suggest similar or greater efficacy relative to FOBT.
In the future, Pap smear frequency may be influenced by HPV testing and
the HPV vaccine.
Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as
trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names,
service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The
publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. This
publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the
subject matter covered. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged
in rendering professional services.
I realize the idea of learning how to use the command line, or set up a local development
environment, isn’t as sexy as learning how to push the envelope of Drupal design. Trust
me, I get it. But if there’s one thing that prevents Drupal designers from pushing that
envelope, it’s this: site building in Drupal isn’t as efficient if you haven’t figured out at
least a few of these tricks. Want to know why the same task takes some developers an
hour or two, while it takes some of us several hours of banging our heads against the
computer? It’s because they know how to...
Laws designed to prevent usury, or the taking of "excessive" interest, have long been the
subject of controversy. While advocates of usury ceilings claim that such controls protect
consumers from abusive lending practices and enable them to obtain loans at reasonable
rates, their critics argue that they work to consumers' disadvantage by restricting credit
flows and distorting financial markets.
In economic theory, the credit market is viewed like any other market. There are buyers
(borrowers) and sellers (lenders) of credit; the price of credit is the interest rate.
For the wave, you want to raise the hand and arm into the air, tilting the hand outward a bit. By selecting each
arm bone and applying rotations, you could achieve such a pose, but it would be difficult and rather unintuitive.
If you like, try to use RMB selection and R-key rotation on the arm and hand bones to get something like this
Very difficult, no? One thing you may have noticed when rotating the bones was that
as soon as you moved them, they turned a bright blue. The blue color is an indication
that a bone has at least one keyframe set....
The retroviruses, which make up a large family (Retroviridae), infect mainly vertebrates. These viruses have a unique replication cycle whereby their genetic information is encoded by RNA rather than DNA. Retroviruses contain an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase (a reverse transcriptase) that directs the synthesis of a DNA form of the viral genome after infection of a host cell.
Created in the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Department of Home land Security came into being with the daunting core mission of taking action to protect the United States from terrorist attack and the simultaneous requirement to continue to perform the numerous other critical functions of all its component agencies.
Publishing Process Manager Viktorija Zgela Technical Editor InTech DTP team Cover InTech Design team First published February, 2013 Printed in Croatia A free online edition of this book is available at www.intechopen.com Additional hard copies can be obtained from email@example.com T-Cell Leukemia - Characteristics,
ctivities to promote reﬂection are now being incorporated into under-
graduate, postgraduate and continuing medical education, and across a variety of health
professions. The evidence to support and inform these curricular interventions and inno-
vations remains largely theoretical. Further, the literature is dispersed across several ﬁelds,
and it is unclear which approaches may have efﬁcacy or impact. We, therefore, designed a
literature review to evaluate the existing evidence about reﬂection and reﬂective practice
and their utility in health professional education.
Intermarriage is more than a problem--its an epidemic in the Jewish nation, and we must do all we can to stem the tide. This practical, down-to-earth book is designed to help parents stop their children from intermarrying. It explores the entire gamut of questions, issues, and hot points for parents who face the possibility of their children marrying out of the Jewish faith, and offers much wisdom and many important suggestions. The author, Rabbi Packouz, has spoken on national radio and television on the topic of intermarriage and Jewish survival.
This chapter suggests design principles to plan a threat control and containment strategy using firewalls and intrusion prevention systems in Cisco IOS environments. This chapter provides a general evaluation of the current state of enterprise security in the presence of evolving threats. It presents the design considerations for a threat protection strategy as part of a risk management strategy with Cisco threat control and containment solutions.
Four studies addressed the development of reﬂective thinking. Sobral (2000) studied the
development of reﬂective thinking based on activities designed to foster reﬂection during
an elective experience. 103 students working in small groups were encouraged to partic-
ipate in: self-appraisal of their learning, discussion of their learning strategies and feedback
about them to others in the group. A non-randomized group of controls was made up of
students who did not participate.