Xem 1-20 trên 22 kết quả Developing equitable
  • In the past 30 years, there have been significant changes to the Federal workforce (FW) and the broader labor market from which it draws -- the civilian labor force. As articulated in the merit system principles, the Fed. Govżt. is committed to the goals of a representative FW and to Fed. agencies which manage their employees fairly and develop and deploy their talents effectively. Therefore, it is important to assess the governmentżs progress towards achieving the stated ideals. This report examines changes in the composition of the FW and Fed.

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  • The DAC Reference Document on Poverty and Health, jointly published by the OECD and the World Health Organization (WHO), is the outcome of a joint effort by DAC members working together through the DAC Network on Poverty Reduction. It builds on bilateral agency experience and the work of leading organisations such as the WHO, the World Bank and other United Nations agencies as well as non-governmental organisations.

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  • .The research described in this report was sponsored by the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). The research was conducted jointly by RAND Health’s Center for Military Health Policy Research and the Forces and Resources Policy Center of RAND’s National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center supported by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies under Contract DASW01-01-C-0004.

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  • The Review takes an international perspective. Climate change is global in its causes and consequences, and international collective action will be critical in driving an effective, efficient and equitable response on the scale required. This response will require deeper international co-operation in many areas - most notably in creating price signals and markets for carbon, spurring technology research, development and deployment, and promoting adaptation, particularly for developing countries. ...

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  • At first glance, the cinema would seem to be remote from the undercover world of the surreptitious observation of an unknowing and unwilling victim. What is seen of the screen is so manifestly shown. But the mass of mainstream film, and the conventions within which it has consciously evolved, portray a hermetically sealed world which unwinds magically, indifferent to the presence of the audience, producing for them a sense of separation and playing on their voyeuristic phantasy.

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  • BackGround Balanced, equitable and sustainable development of the fisheries sector must take all social groups into account. However, the role of women in the sector has, for a long time, gone unrecognised and their voice is heard rarely among managers, policy makers and legislators.1 The lack of recognition and representation is not only unfair, but it also leads to an incomplete understanding of how the sector as a whole operates and functions.

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  • Interest in farmland is rising. And, given commodity price volatility, grow- ing human and environmental pressures, and worries about food security, this interest will increase, especially in the developing world. Many countries have suitable land available that is either not cultivated or produces well below its potential. This was a development challenge even before the food price rise of 2008. Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor are rural, and most are engaged in farming.

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  • This report is intended as a review of the transport sector’s contribution to local and global air pollution, and presents strategic and tactical methods of combating the problem in an environment of sustainable development and economic growth. The report examines the origins of–and damages due to–air pollution from transport, assesses the underlying causes, surveys the principal strategic approaches that are being applied to the problem, and examines the various mechanisms of intervention available.

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  • Official policies for SME development can be evaluated against their impact upon enterprise culture, start-up, survival and growth of SMEs, and stakeholder empathy. Each of these criteria feeds off the others. Enterprise culture will be strong where there are high rates of SME growth. Where SMEs are dominant features in the local and regional economic and social environment, stakeholders themselves will be influenced and will adjust their behaviour accordingly. This template of culture and business and stakeholder development may be used in very different country contexts.

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  • Developed countries in lower latitudes will be more vulnerable - for example, water availability and crop yields in southern Europe are expected to decline by 20% with a 2°C increase in global temperatures. Regions where water is already scarce will face serious difficulties and growing costs. The increased costs of damage from extreme weather (storms, hurricanes, typhoons, floods, droughts, and heat waves) counteract some early benefits of climate change and will increase rapidly at higher temperatures.

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  • The ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) is an intergovernmental regional centre of excellence that facilitates cooperation and coordination among the ten ASEAN Member States and with relevant national governments, regional and international organizations on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefi ts arising from the use of such natural treasures.

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  • Both the retreat of the glaciers and the rise of oxygen in the ocean may have spurred the rise of the animals. All animals need oxygen to fuel their metabolism and to build their tissues. The low levels of oxygen in the oceans may have made it impossible for the ancestors of animals to evolve into multicellular creatures. If a rise in oxygen opened the door for animal evolution, what pushed the ani- mals through? Part of that answer may lie within the animals themselves—in particular, in the set of genes that control their development.

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  • To address some of the challenges described above, the WHO/HAI Project on Medicine Prices and Availability has initiated a set of activities to strengthen policy guidance on issues relating to medicine prices, availability and affordability, with a specific focus on the needs of low- and middle-income countries. These include a series of in-depth reviews on policies and other interventions to manage medicine prices, increase availability and make medicines more affordable.

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  • The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (hereinafter referred to collectively as "Parties" and individually as "Party"), Desiring to establish and develop mutually beneficial and equitable economic and trade relations on the basis of mutual respect for their respective independence and sovereignty; Acknowledging that the adoption of and compliance with international trade norms and standards by the Parties will aid the development of mutually beneficial trade relations, and should be the underlying basis of those relations...

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  • Hence, tourism marketing should not only be regarded as a tool for attracting more visitors to a region, as it has been the case for most destinations. Instead, tourism marketing should operate as a mechanism to facilitate regional development objectives and to rationalise the provision of tourism in order to ensure that the strategic objectives of destinations are achieved. Tourism marketing should also ensure equitable returns-on-resources-utilised for the production and delivery of tourism products, as well as the regeneration of these resources.

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  • A fundamental element of sustainable development is environmental sustainability. Hence, this series was created in 2007 to cover current and emerging issues in order to promote debate and broaden the understanding of environmental challenges as integral to achieving equitable and sustained economic growth. The series will draw on analysis and practical experience from across the World Bank and from client countries.

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  • Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad, and it governs all aspects of personal and collective life. Overall, Shariah investment must be carried out in accordance with the fundamental principles of Islamic law. A Shariah board of Islamic scholars advises the financial institution in the development of Shariah-compliant products. The most distinctive element of Islamic banking is the prohibition of interest, whether "nominal" or "excessive," simple or compound, fixed or floating.

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  • Strategic gender needs are those required to transform womenís existing subordinate position to men. Meeting strategic gender needs helps women achieve gender equality and changes existing roles. 15 This includes instituting change in gender divisions of labour and power, the threat of domestic violence, equitable wages, division of household responsibilities and child rearing, access to credit and other resources, and reproductive choice.

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  • The Council of Women World Leaders is a network of current and former prime ministers, presidents and cabinet ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest–level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development. Through its networks, summits, and partnerships, the Council promotes good governance and gen- der equality, and enhances the experience of democracy globally by increasing the number, effectiveness, and visibility of women who lead their countries. ...

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  • In addition to evidence that gender affects growth, evidence from the 2000/2001 World Development Report: Attacking Poverty shows that gender relations affect all aspects of poverty, including income, opportunity, security, and empowerment. 19 With regard to income poverty, in some countries, girls in poor families receive lower quality nutrition, less health care, and poorer education than their brothers. 20 Likewise, as noted above, female household mem- bers often have less access to and control over the household’s pro- ductive resources and income than do male family members.

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