Xem 1-20 trên 62 kết quả Developing the lungs
  • Inherited Predisposition to Lung Cancer While an inherited predisposition to develop lung cancer is not common, several features suggest a potential for familial association. People with inherited mutations in RB (patients with retinoblastomas living to adulthood) and p53 (LiFraumeni syndrome) genes may develop lung cancer. First-degree relatives of lung cancer probands have a two- to threefold excess risk of lung cancer or other cancers, many of which are not smoking-related.

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  • In this book dealing with the lung health, the authors focus on various fields, spreading from pulmonary oncogenesis, to inflammatory and parasitic lung diseases. The first section deals with the fundamental research on lung cancer that is mandatory for the development of novel and early biomarkers for diagnosis of the lung cancer. This development could be enhanced using experimental models despite the species barrier. Mouse models can help us understand the sequence of events involved in human lung neoplasia and their underlying molecular mechanisms....

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  • "As a mother of a deaf child, and one whose experience has been unusual only in that it has been more fortunate than that of the average mother so situated, I want to place before you (the teachers of the deaf) a plea for the education of the parents of little deaf children. "While you are laboring for the education of the deaf, and for their sakes are training teachers to carry on the work, there are, in almost every home that shelters a little deaf child, blunders being made that will retard his development and hinder your work for years to come--blunders that a...

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  • Sputum examination is a key diagnostic procedure for patients suspected of having pulmonary TB, including those for whom bronchoscopy is planned.1,2 In addition, early identification of persons with TB remains the most effective way of preventing TB transmission. However, some patients are unable to produce sputum for examination. In such cases, sputum induction by aerosol inhalation and/or gastric aspiration has been preferred.

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  • Dr. Sharon Rounds, the editor for this series who invited us to write a book on rare lung diseases, developed the idea after attending the 2004 Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) Foundation annual research meeting. She was a keynote speaker at that event (during her tenure as the president of the American Thoracic Society) and was witness to the power of patient advocacy and the mission-based scientific effort that had brought this rare disease of women from obscurity to clinical trials with targeted molecular therapies in under a decade.

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  • The car-sharing concept as just described is very broad. It includes basically all forms of shared vehicle use regarded as car-sharing. If those engaged in car-sharing are to be provided special benefits, however, society should be able to demand that certain quality requirements be met. These requirements amount to expecting a car-sharing organization to act in accordance with the best interests of society. The exploitation of car-sharing simply to take advantage of potential benefits should not occur.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế về bệnh thú y đề tài: Low dietary inorganic phosphate affects the lung growth of developing mice

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  • The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (or NHLBI) is a division of the National Institutes of Health, located in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. It is tasked with allocating about $2.7 billion in tax revenue per year (fiscal year 2004 estimate) to advancing the understanding of the following issues: development and progression of disease, diagnosis of disease, treatment of disease, disease prevention, reduction of health care disparities within the American population, and advancing the effectiveness of the U.S. medical system. NHLBI's current Director is Gary H. Gibbons, M.D....

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  • Since its inception in 1999, The World Life Sciences Forum BioVision has played a vital role in promoting the sustainable development of Life Sciences on an international level, ensuring that they remain beneficial to humankind and the environment, and committed to ethics. BioVision has established itself as a platform for dialogue and debate by engaging top stakeholders and policy makers from Science, Society and Industry in discussions of what science can do, what society is willing to accept, and what industry can produce, all within a sound ethical framework.

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  • Pathfinder has developed a two-way referral system for infections and serious complications. CHWs send clients to nearby health facilities with a referral note, which helps ensure that people living with HIV/AIDS are seen promptly and free-of-charge. In some cases, if the client is too weak to travel alone and has no family to accompany him, or is afraid of the stigma associated with being HIV-positive, the CHW escorts the client to the health facility.

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  • Ensuring universal access to SRH services and information is essential for achieving many, if not all, of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially those on maternal health, child survival, HIV and AIDS and gender equality [5]. Most maternal deaths can be prevented if there is skilled attendance at birth to cope with potentially fatal complications. Access to safe and effective family planning services and contraception empowers women to have more control over when to have children and lessens the incidence of unsafe abortions.

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  • There have been major breakthroughs in lung surfactant (LS) research over the last two decades that have changed our concept of how and why the material works well at the lung air–water interface. From the initial ideas of a surface active material lining the alveoli to the seminal concepts of how low surface tension is reached, the classical ideas about Comroe’s “extraordinary juice” requires revision and re-thinking.

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  • The lung is an extremely complex organ. While most organs in your body are made up of a few different types of cells, the lung contains more than 40 different kinds of cells. Each of these cells is important to health and maintaining the body's fitness. Air pollution can change the cells in the lung by damaging those that are most susceptible. If the cells that are damaged are important in the development of new functional parts of the lung, then the lung may not achieve its full growth and function as a child matures to...

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  • Climate change is a serious environmental challenge that could undermine the drive for sustainable development. The global mean surface temperature has increased by an average of 0.6° Celsius (°C) over the last 100 years, largely due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (IPCC, 2002). Most of this change has occurred in the past 30 to 40 years, and the rate of increase is accelerating. These rising temperatures will have significant impacts at a global scale and at local and regional levels.

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  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important signalling molecules in living cells. It is believed that ROS molecules are the main triggers of the hyper-sensitive response (HR) in plants. In the present study of the effect of ribo-flavin, which is excited to generate ROS in light, on the development of the HR induced by the elicitin protein ParA1 in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)

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  • Particle samples are collected on filters that are then weighed. Particle concentrations are reported in terms of micrograms of particles per cubic meter (µg/m3 ) of collected air. Originally, the particle samples were relatively indiscriminate with respect to particle size and often contained very large particles. These large particles contributed a great deal to the weighed particle mass, but might not have been very important with respect to lung health. This is because most of the particles were too large to penetrate through the nasal and head airways to reach the lung.

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  • In the global environment, the sale of counterfeit goods remains a significant issue facing consumers, industry and governments alike. The advent and subsequent rapid development of the Internet has raised the problem to heightened levels as counterfeiters find simplified means and additional channels in cyberspace to promote and sell counterfeit products to consumers.

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  • Compliance scores are calculated on a weighted average based on the amount of milk produced at each farm. Scores are based on an on site inspection, raw milk sample results and water sample results. A passing score is 90 points. If a BTU fails to score 90 or above, the raw milk is diverted away from Grade A use until a passing survey is completed. Enforcement scores are a measure of the degree to which enforcement provisions of the Grade A Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) are being applied by the regulatory agency (e.g.

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  • This prospective observational study was undertaken at the Chest Clinic in Talera Hospital located in the Pimpri Chinchwad area of Pune. This clinic serves as the District TB Centre (DTC) for the Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC) area under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme of India. The DTC at Talera Hospital has a good record of implementation of the RNTCP and is located in an area with a high prevalence of HIV infection.

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  • Epilepsy is one of the most common serious primary brain disorders, affecting 40 million people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), epilepsy accounts for 1% of the Global Burden of Disease, equivalent to lung cancer in men and to breast cancer in women. It is not surprising, therefore, that 10 to 20 textbooks on epilepsy are published annually.

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