Children, in general, are healthier than their adult counterparts, particularly as
adults reach the fifth decade of life and beyond. However, children do have multiple
acute illnesses each year, and a substantial number of children, often estimated to be 20
percent or more, are burdened with chronic health disorders, some of them disabling or
life threatening. Medical attention, including evidence-based prescription of drugs or
biologics, is vital for their well-being.