This report is based on research conducted by the Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center under contract to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Rockville, MD (Contract No. 290-02-0018). The findings and conclusions in this document are those of the author(s), who are responsible for its content, and do not necessarily represent the views of AHRQ. No statement in this report should be construed as an official position of AHRQ or of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Diabetes-related cardiovascular complications often cause premature mortality,
as well as disabilities such as blindness, foot ulceration and amputation.
The health care and social care costs of managing these complications are
enormous, but new treatments, devices and clinical management protocols
are steadily improving the longer term outcomes for people with diabetes.
This second edition has been revised and updated to reflect state of the art
Reviews from previous editions: "A book that should find a place on the bookshelves of all physicians who care for diabetic patients." Hospital Update "I would thoroughly recommend that everyone read it if they do not wish to be left behind in this field." Journal of the Royal College of Physicians
Diabetic foot problems are one of the most important long-term problems associated with diabetes. They can be a major cause of disablement and have serious economic consequences for health organisations.
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease all over the world and its frequency is steadily
increasing. The availability of a wide variety of treatment options results in improvement
or even normalization of hyperglycemia as well as of the accompanying metabolic
disorders. However people with diabetes continue to suffer from the complications of
Diabetic foot-related problems occur frequently and may have serious consequences.
Amputations at different anatomical levels are the most serious of them....
Diabetes mellitus and its complications are clinical conditions of growing
importance both from the clinical as well as epidemiological standpoint. The
relevance of diabetes at clinical and individual level is given by its lifethreatening
acute complications and, especially, by its chronic complications
affecting several organs and systems, with increased risk for ocular, renal,
cardiac, cerebral, nervous and peripheral vascular diseases.
It has been almost a decade since the first edition of Clinical Management of Diabetic
Neuropathy was published. Since then, all societies have seen an explosion in obesity and
diabetes. As a result, there is also an explosion in long-term diabetes complications,
including diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy therefore remains a major health
problem that has not only serious consequences for the patient but also carries a significant
financial burden for the health care-providing organizations of every society....
We appear to be on the threshold of witnessing a substantial reduction in the longterm
complications of diabetes. Modern treatment regimens, better monitoring of
control and the huge impact of improved education all combine to offer the
prospect of real progress towards prevention of complications and lessening of
progression in those in whom complications may be present. The Diabetes Control
and Complications Trial (DCCT) has provided eveidence that such can be
achieved, while the St Vincent Declaration initiative has set the standards to
enable these benefits to become reality....
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is growing at epidemic
proportions in the United States and worldwide (1). Most
alarming is the steady increase in type 2 diabetes, especially
among young and obese persons. An estimated 7% of
Americans are afflicted with diabetes, and with the longevity
of this population increasing, the prevalence of diabetesrelated
complications will continue to rise.
Foot disorders are a major source of morbidity and a leading
cause of hospitalization for persons with diabetes.
The underlying principle in managing diabetes
has undergone several important changes over the
last two decades. Diabetes was once believed to
be a disease with inevitable microvascular and
macrovascular complications. Current approaches
to management, however, recognize the benefit
of maintaining tight glycemic control and addressing
associated metabolic disorders.
As the global epidemic of diabetes continues to expand, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is predicted to double in
the next 20 years. Continued population growth, increasing age, and worldwide globalization leading to changes in
diet and patterns of physical inactivity have resulted in staggering numbers of individuals affected by the disease.
A haphazard approach to treatment for a problem of this magnitude could easily overburden the healthcare system,
particularly in areas of the world with limited resources.
Diabetes presents in many forms to different people in different fields. The person to
whom it presents or the place in which it is diagnosed affects the initial assessment
and management. The general practitioner is the central and constant figure in the
patient’s care. Once you suspect the diagnosis of diabetes, confirm it, tell the patient
the diagnosis, and explain what happens next.
Diabetes mellitus is an important condition because it is common in developed countries, is becoming common in developing countries, and places a very great burden on individuals, healthcare systems and societies in all countries. In 1997 it was estimated that 124 million (2.1%) of the world's 5.8 billion total population had diabetes mellitus and it is projected that by 2010 this number will almost double to 221 million
TRAITEMENT MEDICAMENTEUX DU DIABETE DE TYPE 2 (ACTUALISATION): AL’ordonnance n° 96-345 du 24 avril 1996 relative à la maîtrise médicalisée des
dépenses de santé a confié à l’Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de
santé (Afssaps) la mission d’établir les références médicales et les recommandations de
bonne pratique concernant le médicament. Elle stipule également que les références et
recommandations de bonne pratique existantes doivent être régulièrement actualisées,
en fonction des données nouvelles de la science.
Abstract Curcumin, an active principle component in rhizome of Curcuma longa, has proved its merit for diabetes through its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aims at evaluating the effect of curcumin in modulating the altered dopaminergic receptors, CREB and phospholipase C in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum of STZ induced diabetic rats. Radioreceptor binding assays and gene expression was done in the cerebral cortex and cerebellum of male Wistar rats using specific ligands and probes.
The discovery of the hormone insulin by Frederick Banting and colleagues in the early
1920’s is one of the greatest medical breakthroughs and has saved millions of lives over the
years. The significance of the discovery is underscored by the fact that type 1 diabetics still
have an absolute requirement for daily injections of insulin to live. Clearly, today’s insulin
treatments have attained levels of sophistication that have greatly improved clinical out‐
The progression from normal glucose tolerance (NGT) to type 2 diabetes involves intermediate stages of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), also known as prediabetes. The pathophysiology underlying the development of these glucose metabolic alterations is multifactorial, leading to an alteration in the balance between insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. Our knowledge of the molecular basis of the signaling pathways mediating the various physiologic effects of insulin is steadily advancing....
Diabetes Mellitus in Pregnancy: Treatment Pregnancy complicated by diabetes mellitus is associated with higher maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality rates. Preconception counseling and treatment are important for the diabetic patient contemplating pregnancy and can reduce the risk of congenital malformations and improve pregnancy outcome. Folate supplementation reduces the incidence of fetal neural tube defects, which occur with greater frequency in fetuses of diabetic mothers.
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