Diabetic nephropathy

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  • Diabetes mellitus is a complex, progressive disease, which is accompanied by multiple complications. It is a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system and listed among the most common disorders in both developed and developing countries. It has a global metabolic epidemic and it is estimated that the number of people affected by the disease will rise from the current 150 to 230 million by 2025. Hyperglycaemia is a characteristic feature of diabetes mellitus and chronic hyperglycaemia could lead to long-term complications in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels.

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  • The fundamental treatment and management goals in diabetes mellitus are to control and normalize blood glucose levels and to prevent diabetic complications. It also includes maintaining normal growth and development and normal body weight. Proper diet, regular exercise, weight control and different therapeutic agents are the mainstays of diabetic care and management. Weight reduction and exercise have been shown to improve tissue sensitivity to insulin and allow its proper use by target tissues.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Resveratrol retards progression of diabetic nephropathy through modulations of oxidative stress, proinflammatory cytokines, and AMP-activated protein kinase

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  • Commons Attribution 3.0 license, which allows users to download, copy and build upon published articles even for commercial purposes, as long as the author and publisher are properly credited, which ensures maximum dissemination and a wider impact of our publications. After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it

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  • The growing worldwide epidemic of metabolic syndrome and other chronic degenerative diseases continues to expand, with a rapid decrease in the age at which they are being diagnosed (Guarnieri et al.; 2010; Hsueh & Wyne, 2011). Metabolic syndrome is a multifactorial disorder, strongly influenced by several lifestyle factors, with symptoms clustering on abnormalities that include obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance (Guarnieri et al.; 2010; Tanaka et al.; 2006).

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  • Since the first demonstration of transradial approach feasibility in 1989, by Lucien Campeau, many studies have confirmed this initial experience and especially its safety and performances compared to transfemoral route. Nevertheless, a recent study reports that less than 2% of percutaneous coronary interventions were performed by a transradial approach in the United States between 2004 and 2007(1). The persistent discrepancy between current practice in vascular access site choice and known advantages of a radial access needs to be clarified, enlightened by recent data....

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The CTGF -945GC polymorphism is not associated with plasma CTGF and does not predict nephropathy or outcome in type 1 diabetes

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  • Khi đi rounds về internal medicine, đọc XR's với radiologists, họ thường chỉ cho thấy các Kerley’s A,B,C lines trên chest XR's (các dấu hiệu signs) cuả heart failure trên chest XR's. Trong NewEnglJnl Med số mới nhất (9 th 4, 2009) trang 1539, phần "hình ảnh trong y khoa" có in lại một chest XR của bnhân 59 tuổi Hypertension, diabetic nephropathy (từ Asakura, Japan). Trong hình chụp XR, có các Kerley’s lines: A, B, và C. Trên chest XR's: Kerley’s A: là những vệt (opacities) từ ngoại biên phổi (periphery) tới hila.

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  • Der Begriff »Diabetes mellitus« beschreibt eine Stoffwechselstörung unterschiedlicher Ätiologie, die durch das Leitsymptom Hyperglykämie charakterisiert ist. Defekte der Insulinsekretion, der Insulinwirkung oder beides verursachen v. a. Störungen des Kohlenhydrat-, Fett- und Eiweißstoffwechsels. Langfristig können Schädigungen, Dysfunktion und Versagen verschiedener Organe auftreten. Betroffen sind einerseits kleine Blutgefäße (Mikroangiopathie) mit Erkrankungen der Augen (Retinopathie),der Nieren (Nephropathie) und der Nerven (Neuropathie).

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  • Hypovolemia Etiology True volume depletion, or hypovolemia, generally refers to a state of combined salt and water loss exceeding intake, leading to ECF volume contraction. The loss of Na+ may be renal or extrarenal (Table 46-1). Table 46-1 Causes of Hypovolemia I. ECF volume contracted A. Extrarenal Na+ loss 1. Gastrointestinal (vomiting, nasogastric suction, drainage, fistula, diarrhea) 2. Skin/respiratory (insensible losses, sweat, burns) 3. Hemorrhage B. Renal Na+ and water loss 1. Diuretics 2. Osmotic diuresis 3. Hypoaldosteronism 4. Salt-wasting nephropathies C.

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  • This information has not been peer-reviewed. Responsibility for the findings rests solely with the author(s). comment Deposited research article Gene expression profiles of peripheral blood cells in type 2 diabetes and nephropathy in Asian Indians Paturi V Rao*, Xinfang Lu†, Patrick Pattee†, Mark Turner†, Nandgaonkar Suguna* and Srinivasa R Nagalla† Addresses: *Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad 500 082, India.

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