ﬂection on the errors and inappropriateness, detected by a diagnostic parser, of the sentences composed by the students ﬁlling the blanks set up in the given contexts and situations. In this paper we report on prototyping the diagnostic parser implemented using LTAG formalism as a component of the system. LTAG(Lexicalized Tree Adjoining Grammar) is a lexicalized grammatical formalism (XTAG Research Group, 1995). For ease of diagnosing the erroneous sentences composed by the students, lexicalized type of grammars seemed most suitable.
The purpose of this book is to provide both an introduction and a state-of-the-art
review of the essential physics and signal processing principles of diagnostic ultrasound
in a single reference volume with a unified approach. This book draws together
many of the ideas from seminal papers, the author’s research, and other sources in a
single narrative and point of view. Unlike texts that present only the theory of acoustic
fundamentals, this book relates topics to each other in the context of ultrasound
imaging and practical application.
The NCRP has long mcog&ed the need for a clear assessment of the
magnitude of doses from various souroes of radiation to which the
population of the U.S. is ocpo9ed. In anticipation of the need to gather
data for input into this process five as&sament committees, each
adhing a different source category, wem established, first in 1971
and then reestablished in 1986. NCRP reports assessing exposum
from natural background, consumer products, and nuclear power gene
ation have recently been published (NCRP, 1987% 1987b. 1987~)...
Business processes in organizational diagnosis points out why and how it is necessary to include business processes into organizational diagnosis as a first step in the process of organizational change management. First, the necessity of including business processes into diagnostic models which are used during the performing of organizational changes is proved in the paper.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Textbook of diagnostic microbiology" presents the following contents: Introduction to clinical microbiology (host parasite interaction, control of microorganisms, specimen collection and processing, immunodiagnosis of infectious diseases,...), laboratory identification of significant isolates (staphylococci, anaerobes of clinical importance, enterobacteriaceae, neisseria species and moraxella catarrhalis,...).
We propose a new formulation of the PP attachment problem as a 4-way classification which takes into account the argument or adjunct status of the PP. Based on linguistic diagnostics, we train a 4-way classifier that reaches an average accuracy of 73.9% (baseline 66.2%). Compared to a sequence of binary classifiers, the 4-way classifier reaches better performance and individuates a verb's arguments more accurately, thus improving the acquisition of a crucial piece of information for many NLP applications. ...
In recent years, the remarkable advances in medical imaging instruments have increased their use considerably for diagnostics as well as planning and follow-up of treatment. Emerging from the fields of radiology, medical physics and engineering, medical imaging no longer simply deals with the technology and interpretation of radiographic images. The limitless possibilities presented by computer science and technology, coupled with engineering advances in signal processing, optics and nuclear medicine have created the vastly expanded field of medical imaging.
Several new aspects have been
highlighted: for example, a novel role for lipids as receptors which drive protein
sorting, the diversity of the sorting events that occur at the level of the Golgi
apparatus, and the cross talk between exocytosis and autophagy. Moreover, an
interesting example of how the knowledge of these pathways is exploited to generate
novel secretory routes to direct the synthesis of bio-molecules in “cell factories” is
The study of the heart and vessels by Magnetic Resonance Imaging
represents a relatively new field of application, especially if one considers
the large-scale diagnostic use of the technique in the neurological
and muscular fields.
The explanation of the delayed application in the cardiovascular
field can be sought in the methodological complexity linked to the
study of moving anatomical structures.
The extended use of networking and the availability of multimedia processing and
sharing applications have clearly gained momentum in the informationised society
where Interactive Multimedia theories, technologies, applications and systems stage
the principal role, as they furnish users with the necessary communication tools. In
that respect, multimedia-enabled devices and tablet computers support fully featured
interactive multimedia applications and cover wide-ranging interaction requirements
from communication and business to games and interactive art.
Written by an expert with over 20 years of experience in the field, this timely volume provides - in a single source - all aspects of humidity measurement and instrumentation, including rudiments and theory, common applications, advantages and limitations of frequently used sensors and techniques, and guidelines for installation, maintenance, and calibration.
Although it has been shown that
frozen storage is feasible for some of the tissue-engineered products such as bone (Kofron et
al., 2003), it is more difficult than that for isolated cells and requires special considerations.
Water transport processes may cause difficulties for tissue-scale freezing. While cells at the
surface layer would respond to freeze-induced osmotic changes much like cells in
suspension, interior cells would dehydrate as a response to the increased intracellular
tonicity in the dehydrate surface layers.
The eight chapters in this book cover topics on advanced anode and cathode materials, materials design, materials screening, electrode architectures, diagnostics and materials characterization, and electrode/electrolyte interface characterization for lithium batteries.
it is necessary to integrate the information of all the spectral images to classify tissues.
Multi-spectral image processing techniques [1-3] are hence employed to collect spectral
information for classification and of clinically critical values. In this paper, a new
classification approach was proposed, it is called unsupervised Vector Seeded Region
Growing (UVSRG). The UVSRG mainly select seed pixel vectors by means of standard
deviation and relative Euclidean distance.
THE principle of osmosis has been known as a means of water removal for
some time. However, controlled application of osmotic treatments (OT)
to food can be considered among the newest of improved techniques. Food
products obtained for final consumption through OT are intermediate moisture
products of improved quality, compared to conventionally dried materials.
The treatment involves immersing foods in aqueous solutions of sufficiently
high concentration at moderate temperatures.
Even as new species are evolving, however, others may become extinct. The
rate at which species become extinct may be low in one lineage and high in
another. It’s also possible for the rate of extinction to rise, only to drop again later.
All of these processes can also unfold at the same time, and so the range of
possible long-term patterns in evolution can be enormous. A lineage with a low
rate of speciation may end up enormously diverse because its rate of extinction
is even lower.
Intuitively, a simple event notiﬁcation service that provides no selection
mechanism can be reduced to a multicast routing and transport mechanism
for which there are numerous scalable implementations. However, once the
service provides a selection mechanism, then the overall efﬁciency of the ser-
vice and its routing of notiﬁcations are affected by the power of the language
used to construct notiﬁcations and to express ﬁlters and patterns. As the power
of the language increases, so does the complexity of the processing.
Product evaluation is an important part of brewing, whether performed informally or formally and
whether the product is from a commercial or home brewery. Formal beer evaluation serves three
primary purposes in the context of brewing competitions. First, the beer evaluations provide feedback to
the brewer concerning how well an individual recipe represents its intended beer style. This feedback
can be useful as recipes are fine-tuned and attempts are made to improve the beer. Second, beer
evaluations may provide brewers with troubleshooting advice.
Monoclonal antibodies directed against PSA clone 28A4 (Novacastro, UK) in a
concentration of 2,5μg/ml were used to detect prostate cells, and identified using a
detection system based on alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase (LSAB2 DAKO,
USA) with new-fuschin as the chromogen. To permit the rapid identification of positive
cells there was no counter staining with Mayer´s hematoxilin. Levisamole (DAKO, USA)
was used as an inhibitor of endogenous alkaline phosphatase, with positive and negative
A high degree of collaboration is often involved in
creating public sculpture. Central collaborators are the
sculptor and owner, typically a commissioning agency or
developer. Architects and landscape architects can be
artistic collaborators or part of the design team. Art object
conservators, engineers and other consultants play a role
in selecting materials and reviewing maintenance
strategies or design aspects. Other advisory bodies and
community groups may be part of the collaborative