Xem 1-20 trên 71 kết quả Dialect
  • Machine Translation (MT) need not be confined to inter-language activities. In this paper, we discuss inter-dialect MT in general and Cantonese-Mandarin MT in particular. Mandarin and Cantonese are two most important dialects of Chinese. The former is the national lingua franca and the latter is the most influential dialect in South China, Hong Kong and overseas. The difference in between is such that mutual intelligibility is impossible.

    pdf5p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 15 3   Download

  • The written form of Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), differs quite a bit from the spoken dialects of Arabic, which are the true “native” languages of Arabic speakers used in daily life. However, due to MSA’s prevalence in written form, almost all Arabic datasets have predominantly MSA content. We present the Arabic Online Commentary Dataset, a 52M-word monolingual dataset rich in dialectal content, and we describe our long-term annotation effort to identify the dialect level (and dialect itself) in each sentence of the dataset. ...

    pdf5p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 22 2   Download

  • We present M AGEAD, a morphological analyzer and generator for the Arabic language family. Our work is novel in that it explicitly addresses the need for processing the morphology of the dialects. M AGEAD performs an on-line analysis to or generation from a root+pattern+features representation, it has separate phonological and orthographic representations, and it allows for combining morphemes from different dialects. We present a detailed evaluation of M AGEAD.

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 25 2   Download

  • The growing popularity of multimedia documents requires language technologies to approach automatic language analysis and generation from yet another perspective: that of its use in multimodal communication. In this paper, we present a support tool for COSMOROE, a theoretical framework for modelling multimedia dialectics. The tool is a text-based search interface that facilitates the exploration of a corpus of audiovisual files, annotated with the COSMOROE relations.

    pdf4p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 22 2   Download

  • This project measures and classifies language variation. In contrast to earlier dialectology, we seek a comprehensive characterization of (potentially gradual) differences between dialects, rather than a geographic delineation of (discrete) features of individual words or pronunciations. More general characterizations of dialect differences then become available. We measure phonetic (un)relatedness between dialects using Levenshtein distance, and classify by clustering distances but also by analysis through multidimensional scaling. ...

    pdf2p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 14 2   Download

  • The variation in speech due to dialect is a factor which significantly impacts speech system performance. In this study, we investigate effective methods of combining acoustic and language information to take advantage of (i) speaker based acoustic traits as well as (ii) content based word selection across the text sequence. For acoustics, a GMM based system is employed and for text based dialect classification, we proposed n-gram language models combined with Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) based dialect classifiers. ...

    pdf4p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 27 1   Download

  • This paper compares different measures of graphemic similarity applied to the task of bilingual lexicon induction between a Swiss German dialect and Standard German. The measures have been adapted to this particular language pair by training stochastic transducers with the ExpectationMaximisation algorithm or by using handmade transduction rules. These adaptive metrics show up to 11% F-measure improvement over a static metric like Levenshtein distance.

    pdf6p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 19 1   Download

  • The aim of this paper is to present a new method for identifying linguistic structure in the aggregate analysis of the language variation. The method consists of extracting the most frequent sound correspondences from the aligned transcriptions of words. Based on the extracted correspondences every site is compared to all other sites, and a correspondence index is calculated for each site.

    pdf6p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 20 1   Download

  • The Arabic language is a collection of spoken dialects with important phonological, morphological, lexical, and syntactic differences, along with a standard written language, Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Since the spoken dialects are not officially written, it is very costly to obtain adequate corpora to use for training dialect NLP tools such as parsers. In this paper, we address the problem of parsing transcribed spoken Levantine Arabic (LA). We do not assume the existence of any annotated LA corpus (except for development and testing), nor of a parallel corpus LAMSA. ...

    pdf8p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 16 1   Download

  • Methodology dialectical materialism is a philosophy department-specific knowledge, the nucleus is drawn from the entire Marxist - Leninist, including the perspective system, how the principles and measures for directing cognitive activities and practice of the subject.

    doc27p change01 05-05-2016 3 1   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_02', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf28p kemoc7 12-07-2011 62 4   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_05', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf30p kemoc7 12-07-2011 32 4   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_06', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf31p kemoc7 12-07-2011 45 4   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_08', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf32p kemoc7 12-07-2011 42 4   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_09', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf38p kemoc7 12-07-2011 41 4   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_04', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf28p kemoc7 12-07-2011 23 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_07', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf31p kemoc7 12-07-2011 28 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_01', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf34p kemoc7 12-07-2011 35 2   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'american voices how dialects differ from coast to coast_03', ngoại ngữ, anh ngữ phổ thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf31p kemoc7 12-07-2011 18 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents (DBT-A): a clinical Trial for Patients with suicidal and self-injurious Behavior and Borderline Symptoms with a one-year Follow-up...

    pdf10p coxanh_5 29-10-2011 20 2   Download

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