Xem 1-20 trên 343 kết quả Dialogue in english
  • Informal and formal (“T/V”) address in dialogue is not distinguished overtly in modern English, e.g. by pronoun choice like in many other languages such as French (“tu”/“vous”). Our study investigates the status of the T/V distinction in English literary texts. Our main findings are: (a) human raters can label monolingual English utterances as T or V fairly well, given sufficient context; (b), a bilingual corpus can be exploited to induce a supervised classifier for T/V without human annotation.

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  • by Rachel Varra Edited by Christopher Warnasch .AC K N OW L E D G M E N T S Thanks to the Living Language staff: Tom Russell, Nicole Benhabib, Christopher Warnasch, Suzanne McQuade, Shaina Malkin, Elham Shabahat, Sophie Chin, Linda Schmidt, Alison Skrabek, Carolyn Roth, and Tom Marshall. CO N T E N T S LESSON 1 2 3 4 My Toe Is Killing Me! 4 Tying the Knot 6 That’s a Weight off My Shoulders! 9 I Have a Bone to Pick with You! 12 Like Pulling Teeth 16 Honey, There’s Something on My Mind . . . 19 Now We’re Cooking! 21...

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  • This book is based on publications from the ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Multi-Modal Dialogue in Mobile Environments held at Kloster Irsee, Germany, in 2002. The workshop covered various aspects of development and evaluation of spoken multimodal dialogue systems and components with particular emphasis on mobile environments, and discussed the state-ofthe- art within this area. On the development side the major aspects addressed include speech recognition, dialogue management, multimodal output generation, system architectures, full applications, and user interface issues.

    pdf422p japet75 30-01-2013 19 5   Download

  • Grade 6 English program is the first program in English secondary school curriculum, should not be hard. You do not need to find sites that can teach yourself to be. Just follow the instructions in the textbooks: read the dialogue, writing new dialogue, answer questions, mark true or false, fill in the blanks, ... At any hearing, you asked to buy cassette or CD to listen to a lot of acquaintances. You read the words or phrases difficult to understand, write and check the dictionary, the end of each study session to review and remember that if people see better....

    doc286p hanhquanglove 29-12-2010 1031 366   Download

  • This book, as the synopsis says, contains over 700 verbs with over 1000 meanings. But I think this a weakness rather than a strength. Firstly, the phrasal verbs are grouped 16 to a page with one exercise per verb. The exercise is either a gap-fill, a multiple-choice or matching two parts of a dialogue. In itself this is not exactly imaginative, but the important fact is that it is impossible for a person learning English to assimmilate – much less activate – phrasal verbs in this way.

    pdf144p dailyphu 05-03-2010 388 242   Download

  • A Barron's bestseller for years, this book is better than ever in a brand new fourth edition. In addition to its standard vocabulary lists, this edition includes a new section called Panorama of Words. In this feature, each of the 1100 words appears in a sentence selected from among well known novels, plays, poems, and even newspaper editorials and TV broadcasts. The book is a vocabulary builder aimed directly at college-bound high school students, as well as college students who need extra vocabulary help.

    pdf656p ntchung8894 01-02-2013 168 75   Download

  • Idiom - A group of words (or a single word) which have a meaning that is not understood by combining the standard definitions of the individual words (though that meaning may sometimes be inferred). Idioms are a style or form of (often artistic) expression, characteristic of a particular language, group, subculture, school of thought, generation, or medium (for example, movies and television). Idioms can convey that the current situation being described has a resemblance with past history, and in that sense they may be similar to analogies or metaphors.

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  • Dr. Christiane Averbeck is executive director of Transfer-21, a Germany-wide program on education for sustainable development. She has worked as a consultant for the German Council for Sustainable Development, conducted a research project on sustainable resource use in Uganda, worked as a senior advisor for a German NGO in Uganda, and as senior researcher in a project funded by the Federal Environmental Agency on marine pollution. She holds a Master’s degree in biology and a Ph.D. in natural science. ...

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  • Natural Language Processing applications often require large amounts of annotated training data, which are expensive to obtain. In this paper we investigate the applicability of Co-training to train classifiers that predict emotions in spoken dialogues. In order to do so, we have first applied the wrapper approach with Forward Selection and Naïve Bayes, to reduce the dimensionality of our feature set. Our results show that Co-training can be highly effective when a good set of features are chosen. ...

    pdf4p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 23 2   Download

  • Current turn-taking approaches for spoken dialogue systems rely on the speaker releasing the turn before the other can take it. This reliance results in restricted interactions that can lead to inefficient dialogues. In this paper we present a model we refer to as Importance-Driven Turn-Bidding that treats turn-taking as a negotiative process. Each conversant bids for the turn based on the importance of the intended utterance, and Reinforcement Learning is used to indirectly learn this parameter. ...

    pdf9p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 11 1   Download

  • Cognitive theories of dialogue hold that entrainment, the automatic alignment between dialogue partners at many levels of linguistic representation, is key to facilitating both production and comprehension in dialogue. In this paper we examine novel types of entrainment in two corpora—Switchboard and the Columbia Games corpus. We examine entrainment in use of high-frequency words (the most common words in the corpus), and its association with dialogue naturalness and flow, as well as with task success. ...

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  • Spoken dialogue systems promise efficient and natural access to information services from any phone. Recently, spoken dialogue systems for widely used applications such as email, travel information, and customer care have moved from research labs into commercial use. These applications can receive millions of calls a month. This huge amount of spoken dialogue data has led to a need for fully automatic methods for selecting a subset of caller dialogues that are most likely to be useful for further system improvement, to be stored, transcribed and further analyzed. ...

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  • This paper presents a tripartite model of dialogue in which three different kinds of actions are modeled: domain actions, problem-solving actions, and discourse or communicative actions. We contend that our process model provides a more finely differentiated representation of user intentions than previous models; enables the incremental recognition of communicative actions that cannot be recognized from a single utterance alone; and accounts for implicit acceptance of a communicated proposition. ...

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  • The third tier is the knowledge base (KB) that The three-tiered discourse representation defined in describes the belief system of one agent in the (Luperfoy, 1991) is applied to multimodal humandialogue, namely, the backend system being interfaced computer interface (HCI) dialogues. In the applied to. Figure 1 diagrams a partitioning of the system the three tiers are (1) a linguistic analysis information available to a dialogue processing agent.

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  • This paper presents a cooperative consultation system on a restricted domain. The system builds hypotheses on the user's plan and avoids misunderstandings (with consequent repair dialogues) through clarification dialogues in case of ambiguity. The role played by constraints in the generation of the answer is characterized in order to limit the cases of ambiguities requiring a clarification dialogue. The answers of the system are generated at different levels of detail, according to the user's competence in the domain. ...

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  • This paper describes a fully incremental dialogue system that can engage in dialogues in a simple domain, number dictation. Because it uses incremental speech recognition and prosodic analysis, the system can give rapid feedback as the user is speaking, with a very short latency of around 200ms. Because it uses incremental speech synthesis and self-monitoring, the system can react to feedback from the user as the system is speaking. A comparative evaluation shows that naïve users preferred this system over a non-incremental version, and that it was perceived as more human-like. ...

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  • This pape~ describes an "intelligent" tutor of foreign language concepts and skills based upon state-of-the-art research in Intelligent reaching Systems and Computational Linguistics. The tutor is part of a large R&D project in ITS which resulted in a system (called DART~ for the design and development of intelligent teaching dialogues on PLATO I and in a program (called ELISA~ for teaching foreign language conjunctions in context. ELISA was able to teach a few conjunctions in English, Dutch and Italian.

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  • This paper describes a system for managing: dialogue in a natural language interface. The proposed approach uses a dialogue manager as the overall control mechanism. The dialogue manager accesses domain independent resources for interpretation, generation and background system access. It also uses information from domain dependent knowledge sources, which are customized for various applications.

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  • Objectives is from the summing, approaching the theoretical issues of discourse analysis in general and discourse analysis of a literary work in particular, we implement a survey on discourse of conversation in Nam Cao's short storiesto indicate the form of dialogue, inner monologue and coherent; from that, the thesis contribute affirm the richness, diversity and his success in establishing discourse of conversation.

    doc29p change03 06-05-2016 4 1   Download

  • New Headway Talking Points is designed to lead students through a process of skill development in speaking skills from the Council of Europe’s Common European Framework (CEF) level A2 to CEF level B2. Each of the 20 units is based on a different topic, and the activities progressively develop the students’ skills in spoken interaction (dialogues, discussion, negotiations) and spoken production (talks).

    pdf87p truongbao 27-07-2009 909 589   Download

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