We describe an approach to improve the bilingual cooccurrence dictionary that is used for word alignment, and evaluate the improved dictionary using a version of the Competitive Linking algorithm. We demonstrate a problem faced by the Competitive Linking algorithm and present an approach to ameliorate it. In particular, we rebuild the bilingual dictionary by clustering similar words in a language and assigning them a higher cooccurrence score with a given word in the other language than each single word would have otherwise.
A phrasal verbs us a verb that consists of two or three words. Most phrasal verbs consists of two words_ the first word is a verb, and the second word is a particle. The particle is either an adverb or a preposition. Examples of common phrasal verb include get uo, go off, turn on , make out, and deal with. There are also some three- word phrasal verbs, for example catch up with, look forward to
This is the first dictionary entirely devoted to new words and meanings to
have been published by the Oxford University Press. It follows in the
tradition of the Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary in attempting
to record the history of some recent additions to the language, but,
unlike the Supplement, it is necessarily very selective in the words,
phrases, and meanings whose stories it sets out to tell and it stands as
an independent work, unrelated (except in the resources it...
International Law Dictionary: An axcellent resource that's much more than a dictionary. This work, by a professor of international business law, is full of hypertext links throughout the dictionary to international legal material on the topic on the internet.
A reduction in some amount that is owed, usually granted by the person to whom the debt is owed. For example, a landlord might grant an abatement in rent. In estate law, the word may refer more specifically to a situation where property identified in a will cannot be given to the beneficiary because it had to be sold to pay off...
This is the first dictionary entirely devoted to new words and meanings to have been published by the Oxford niversity Press. It follows in the tradition of the Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary in attempting to record the history of some recent additions to the language, but,unlike the Supplement, it is necessarily very selective in the words,phrases, and meanings whose stories it sets out to tell and it stands as an independent ork, unrelated (except in the resources it draws upon)to the Oxford English Dictionary...
In its narrowest sense, a synonym is a word or phrase that is perfectly
substitutable in a context for another word or phrase. People who study
language professionally agree that there is no such thing as an ideal
synonym, for it is virtually impossible to find two words or phrases that
are identical in denotation (meaning), connotation, frequency,
familiarity, and appropriateness. Indeed, linguists have long noted the
economy of language, which suggests that no language permits a perfect
The chart on the previous page shows the characters which are used to transcribe pronunciations in the dictionary. The sounds and key words are recorded on the cassetts, followed by the vowel sounds in sequence. Within words, syllable boundaries are shown bu space.English is a language of the western branch of the German language group in the Indo-European), were imported to England by the language invasion of many people in the 6th century.
This revised edition contains over 5,000 terms used by air traffic controllers, pilots, cabin crew, maintenance crews, ground staff and other airline personnel.
Designed for those specialising in aviation and related industries, including trainee pilots, maintenance engineers and other professionals, this dictionary has all the words you need.
Abnormal returns:Part of the return that is not due to systematic influences (market wide influences). In other words, abnormal returns are above those predicted by the market movement alone. Related: excess returns. Absolute priority :Rule in bankruptcy proceedings whereby senior creditors are required to be paid in full beforejunior creditors receive any payment.
Homophone are words of the same language that are pronounced alike even of they differ in spelling, meaning, or origin, such as " pair", and " pear". Homophones may also bi spelled alike, as in " bear" ( the animal) and " bear" ( to carry).
Other common homophones are write and right, meet and meat, peace and piece. You have to listen to the context to know which word someone means if they’re spoken aloud. If they say they like your jeans (genes?), they’re probably talking about your pants and not your height and eye color — but you’d...
All languages have phrases or sentences that cannot be understood liter-
ally. Even if you know the meaning of all the words in a phrase and under-
stand all the grammar of the phrase completely, the meaning of the phrase
may still be confusing. Many proverbs, informal phrases, and common say-
ings offer this kind of problem. A phrase or sentence of this type is said
to be idiomatic. This dictionary is a collection of the idiomatic phrases and
sentences that occur frequently in American English. The third edition
contains more than one thousand idiomatic expressions not listed in...
All languages have phrases that cannot be understood
literally and, therefore, cannot be used with
confidence. They are opaque or unpredictable
because they don’t have expected, literal meaning.
Even if you know the meaning of all the words in
a phrase and understand all the grammar of the
phrase completely, the meaning of the phrase may
still be confusing. A phrase or sentence of this
type is said to be idiomatic. This dictionary is a
collection of the idiomatic phrases and sentences
that occur frequently in American English.
This is book you can look at over and over again, and each time you look, you will find something new. You'll be able to talk about people, places, and things you know, and you'll learn lots of new words as you go along.
từ điển tiếng Nhật bằng hình ảnh
Four thousand world words presented in 16 contextuallzed, thematic units.Each lesson in the unit presents vocabulary trough color photographs and illutrations, contextualized readings, hight - Frequency word patterns study , and active learning opportunities
Adjusted present value (APV) The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity (present value of un-levered cash flows), plus the present value of any financing decisions (levered cash flows). In other words, the various tax shields provided by the deductibility of interest and the benefits of other investment tax credits are calculated separately. This analysis is often used for highly leveraged transactions such as a leverage buy-out.
One way to learn about beginning and ending letter sounds is to look at the words in a picture dictionary. This picture dictionary below has pages that show a list of words and pictures for each beginning sound in the alphabet. It also shows a list of words and pictures for the common ending letters. The pictures themselves provide the definition for each word - there are no written definitions.
There are several ways to use the dictionary. It can be used with stu-dents who are learning the alphabet. When introducing a new letter of the alphabet, show the student...
The 8000 Most Useful English Words and Phrases with Korean Equivalents in Both Roman & Korean Letters, Especially recommended for the traveler and student, the Concise English-Korean Dictionary offers the most commonly spoken English words and phrases and their Korean equivalents.