Dietary guidelines

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  • Chapter 2 presents the following content: Linking nutrients, foods, and health; dietary guidelines; exchange lists; recommendations for nutrient intake: the DRIs; food labels; claims that can be made for foods and dietary supplements.

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  • We are pleased to present the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. Based on the most recent scientiic evidence review, this document provides information and advice for choosing a healthy eating pattern—namely, one that focuses on nutrient-dense foods and beverages, and that contributes to achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. Such a healthy eating pattern also embodies food safety principles to avoid foodborne illness.

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  • Chapter 18 - Nutrition and special diets. After you have mastered the material in this chapter, you will be able to: Describe how the body uses food, explain the role of calories in the diet, identify nutrients and their role in health, recall the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, describe the test used to assess body fat,...

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  • A basic premise of the Dietary Guidelines is that food guidance should recommend diets that will provide all  the nutrients needed for growth and health. To this end, food guidance should encourage individuals to achieve  the most recent nutrient intake recommendations of the Institute of Medicine, referred to collectively as the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Tables of the DRIs are provided at http://www.iom.edu/Object.File/Master/21/372/0.pdf.

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  • We are surrounded by a vast array of foods to eat and activities to pursue. Every day we make choices among those foods and activities based on our cultural background, knowledge, experiences, and goals. Each choice may have an impact on our overall health and quality of life. Our ancestors’ food choices were limited by what they could gather, catch, cultivate, and harvest. Physical pursuits were determined by the work that needed to be done.

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  • We are pleased to present the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. This document is intended to be a primary source of dietary health information for policymakers, nutrition educators, and health providers. Based on the latest scientific evidence, the 2005 Dietary Guidelines provides information and advice for choosing a nutritious diet, maintaining a healthy weight, achieving adequate exercise, and “keeping foods safe” to avoid foodborne illness. This document is based on the recommendations put forward by the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.

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  • This document is based on the recommendations put forward by the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. The Committee was composed of scientiic experts who reviewed and analyzed the most current information on diet and health and incorporated it into a scientiic, evidence-based report. We want to thank them and the other public and private professionals who assisted in developing this document for their hard work and dedication. Our knowledge about nutrition, the food and physical activity environment, and health continues to grow, relecting an evolving body of evidence.

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  • The Dietary Guidelines is intended primarily for use by policymakers, healthcare providers, nutritionists, and nutrition educators. The information in the Dietary Guidelines is useful for the development of educational materials and aids policymakers in designing and imple­ menting nutrition-related programs, including federal food, nutrition education, and information programs. In addition, this publication has the potential to provide authoritative statements as provided for in the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act (FDAMA).

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  • We are releasing the seventh edition of the Dietary Guidelines at a time of rising concern about the health of the American population. Americans are experiencing an epidemic of overweight and obesity. Poor diet and physical inactivity also are linked to major causes of illness and death. To correct these problems, many Americans must make signiicant changes in their eating habits and lifestyles.

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  • Thus it is a publication oriented toward policymakers, nutrition educators, nutritionists, and healthcare providers rather than to the general public, as with previous versions of the Dietary Guidelines, and contains more technical information. The intent of the Dietary Guidelines is to summarize and synthesize knowledge regarding individual nutrients and food components into recommendations for a pattern of eating that can be adopted by the public. In this publi­ cation, Key Recommendations are grouped under nine inter-related focus areas.

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  • Because of the three­part process used to develop and communicate the 2005 Dietary Guidelines, this publication and the report of the DGAC differ in scope and purpose compared to reports for previous versions of the Guidelines. The 2005 DGAC report is a detailed scientific analysis that identifies key issues such as energy balance, the conse­ quences of a sedentary lifestyle, and the need to emphasize certain food choices to address nutrition issues for the American public.

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  • Good nutrition is vital to good health and is absolutely essential for the healthy growth and development of  children and adolescents. Major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States are related to poor diet and  a sedentary lifestyle. Specific diseases and conditions linked to poor diet include cardiovascular disease, hyper­ tension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity, osteoporosis, constipation, diverticular disease, iron deficiency anemia, oral disease, malnutrition, and some cancers.

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  • There is a growing body of evidence which demonstrates that following a diet that complies with the Dietary Guidelines may reduce the risk of chronic disease. Recently, it was reported that dietary patterns consistent with recommended dietary guidance were associated with a lower risk of mortality among individuals age 45 years and older in the United States.

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  • This guide provides practical guidelines for policy makers on how best to review the process of policy development and establish strategic plans for micro, small and medium enterprise development. It is a further tool and reference source for all policy makers and actors dealing with small businesses, especially in transition countries seeking to further develop their market economies. Private sector development relies on a partnership between the private and public sectors.

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  • A basic premise of the Dietary Guidelines is that nutrient needs should be met primarily through consuming foods. Foods provide an array of nutrients and other compounds that may have beneficial effects on health. In certain cases, fortified foods and dietary supplements may be useful sources of one or more nutrients that otherwise might be consumed in less than recommended amounts. However, dietary supplements, while recommended in some cases, cannot replace a healthful diet.

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  • Chapter 49 - Nutrition and special diets. This chapter gives you an understanding of how a well-planned diet can lead to optimal health and well-being for your patients. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Describe how the body uses food, explain the role of calories in the diet, identify nutrients and their role in health, recall the dietary guidelines for Americans,...

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  • Some proposed calorie­lowering strategies include eating foods that are low in calories for a given measure of food (e.g., many kinds of vegetables and fruits and some soups). However, when making changes to improve nutrient intake, one needs to make substitutions to avoid excessive calorie intake. The healthiest way to reduce calorie intake is to reduce one’s intake of added sugars, fats, and alcohol, which all provide calories but few or no essential nutrients (for more information, see chs.

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  • Managed care plans' growing interest in practice guidelines is driven by their need to control costs, ensure consistency of care, and demonstrate improved performance. By using practice guidelines, plans are making a conscious decision about the care they intend to provide, reflecting the trade-off between costs and benefits. When published guidelines differ from a plan's clinical and financial objectives, they are typically customized with the active participation of the network physicians.

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  • A wide array of substances derived from the diet have been found to stimulate the development, growth and spread of tumours in experimental animals, and to transform normal cells into malignant ones. These are regarded as suspected human carcinogens. So,many dietary constituents can increase the risk of developing cancer, but there is also accumulating evi- dence from population as well as laboratory studies to support an inverse relationship between regular con- sumption of fruit and vegetables and the risk of specific cancers.

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  • Lifestyle Management Obesity care involves attention to three essential elements of lifestyle: dietary habits, physical activity, and behavior modification. Because obesity is fundamentally a disease of energy imbalance, all patients must learn how and when energy is consumed (diet), how and when energy is expended (physical activity), and how to incorporate this information into their daily life (behavior therapy). Lifestyle management has been shown to result in a modest (typically 3– 5 kg) weight loss compared to no treatment or usual care.

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