Different alkyl

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  • Life on Earth is dependent on sunlight. In the process known as photosynthesis, plants, algae and certain bacterias are capable of using this source of energy to drive the synthesis of organic compounds. The oxygenic photosynthesis results in the release of molecular oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere that is used to synthesize carbohydrates.

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  • Regioregular polythiophene-based conductive copolymers with highly crystalline nanostructures are shown to hold considerable promise as the active layer in volatile organic compound (VOC) chemresistor sensors. While the regioregular polythiophene polymer chain provides a charge conduction path, its chemical sensing selectivity and sensitivity can be altered either by incorporating a second polymer to form a block copolymer or by making a random copolymer of polythiophene with different alkyl side chains.

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  • The benzoacronycine derivative, S23906-1, was character-ized recently as a novel potent antitumor agent through alkylation of theN2 positionof guanines inDNA.We show here that its reactivity towards DNA can be modulated by glutathione (GSH). The formation of covalent adducts between GSH and S23906-1 was evidenced by EI-MS, and the use of different GSH derivatives, amino acids and dipeptides revealed that the cysteine thiol group is absolutely required for complex formation because glutathione disul-fide (GSSG) and other S-blocked derivatives failed to react covalently with S23906-1. ...

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  • REFINING OPERATIONS Petroleum refining operations can be separated into five basic areas: 1. Fractionation (distillation) is the separation of crude oil in atmospheric and vacuum distillation towers into different "fractions" or "cuts." 2. Conversion processes change the size and/or structure of hydrocarbon molecules. These processes include: − Decomposition by thermal and catalytic cracking; − Unification through alkylation and polymerization; − Alteration with isomerization and catalytic reforming. ...

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  • VOC concentrations in the belly space were measured during four sampling events. Adjusted belly concentrations were compared to average adjusted indoor concentrations (Table 3). Here the fractional differences were positive for all compounds. For a number of VOCs, these differences were substantial (2-butanone, less volatile aldehydes, alkane hyrdrocarbons, and aromatic hydrocarbons except styrene).

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  • Na+-Montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) minerals were organically modified by adding different amounts of surfactant octadecylamine corresponding to the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the pristine montmorillonites. The characteristic of the organo-MMT were obtained by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy. The amount of added surfactant has direct effect on the interlayer separation and the organophicility-hydrophicility balance of MMT. An optimal surfactant/CEC ratio about 1.0 leads to two distinct distance of 15.5 Å and 32.

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  • Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (EC is involved in the biosynthesis of the branched-chain amino acids. It is a bifunctional enzyme that cata-lyzes two quite different reactions at a common active site; an isomeriza-tion consisting of an alkyl migration, followed by an NADPH-dependent reduction of a 2-ketoacid. The 2-ketoacid formed by the alkyl migration is not released. Using the pure recombinant Escherichia colienzyme, we show that the isomerization reaction has a highly unfavourable equili-brium constant....

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  • The binding of several alkyl- and aryl-guanidines andN-hydroxyguanidines to the oxygenase domain of inducible NO-synthase (iNOSoxy) was studied by UV⁄Vis difference spectroscopy. In a very general manner, monosubsti-tuted guanidines exhibited affinities for iNOSoxy that were very close to those of the corresponding N-hydroxyguanidines. The highest affinities were observed for the natural substrates,l-arginine and N x -hydroxy-l-arginine (Kd at thelmlevel).

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