Diminishing return

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Thrombolysis during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a lesson in the law of diminishing returns...

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  • Chapter 8 - The costs of production. In this chapter, students will be able to: Explain why economic costs include both explicit (revealed and expressed) costs and implicit (present but not obvious) costs; relate the law of diminishing returns to a firm’s short-run production costs; describe the distinctions between fixed and variable costs and among total, average, and marginal costs; use economies of scale to link a firm’s size and its average costs in the long run.

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  • Political economy or economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it examines that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with the use of the material requisites of wellbeing. Thus it is on the one side a study of wealth; and on the other, and more important side, a part of the study of man. For man's character has been moulded by his every-day work, and the material resources which he thereby procures, more than by any other influence unless it be that of his religious ideals; and the two great forming...

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  • What factors underlie industry differences in research intensity and productivity growth? We develop a multi-sector endogenous growth model allowing for industry specific parameters in the production functions for output and knowledge, and in consumer preferences. We find that long run industry differences in both productivity growth and R&D intensity mainly reflect differences in "technological opportunities", interpreted as the parameters of knowledge production. These include the capital intensity of R&D, knowledge spillovers, and diminishing returns to R&D.

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  • In this paper, we propose an interpretation of these events in which the prospect of a New Economy plays a key role in generating the other events. More specifically, we show that the mere prospect of high future productiv- ity growth can generate sizable gains in current productivity, as well as an economic expansion, a stock market boom and a financing boom for new firms. There are two main ingredients to our story: financing constraints due to limited contract enforceability and firm-level diminishing returns to scale.

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  • In the summer of 1893, after nine years of hard but happy literary life in Boston and New York, I decided to surrender my residence in the East and reëstablish my home in the West, a decision which seemed to be--as it was--a most important event in my career. This change of headquarters was due not to a diminishing love for New England, but to a deepening desire to be near my aging parents, whom I had persuaded, after much argument, to join in the purchase of a family homestead, in West Salem, Wisconsin, the little village from which we had all adventured some thirty...

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  • We explore how to improve machine translation systems by adding more translation data in situations where we already have substantial resources. The main challenge is how to buck the trend of diminishing returns that is commonly encountered. We present an active learning-style data solicitation algorithm to meet this challenge. We test it, gathering annotations via Amazon Mechanical Turk, and find that we get an order of magnitude increase in performance rates of improvement.

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  • After reading chapter 7, you should be able to: Explain why economic costs include both explicit (revealed and expressed) costs and implicit (present but not obvious) costs; relate the law of diminishing returns to a firm’s short-run production costs; describe the distinctions between fixed and variable costs and among total, average, and marginal costs; use economies of scale to link a firm’s size and its average costs in the long run.

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  • Chapter 19 - Theory of consumer behavior. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Marginal utility, the law of diminishing returns, total utility, maximizing utility, the water-diamond paradox, consumer surplus.

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  • This chapter presents the following content: Fixed cost, variable cost, and total cost; marginal cost; short run and long run; shut-down and go-out-of-business decisions; average cost; graphing the AFC, AVC, ATC, and MC curves; the law of diminishing returns; economies and diseconomies of scale; the long-run planning envelope curve.

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  • Inhibitors of the RAA System lasting effect than does captopril. Indications are hypertension and cardiac failure. Lowering of an elevated blood pressure is predominantly brought about by diminished production of angiotensin II. Impaired degradation of kinins that exert vasodilating actions may contribute to the effect. In heart failure, cardiac output rises again because ventricular afterload diminishes due to a fall in peripheral resistance.

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  • Since pay per click scams depend on technology, brands can use technology-based strategies to fight them. Highly effective automated solutions can detect search ad abuse, prioritize for the worst offenders and then automatically take action. Initiating and driving these strategies should be a top priority for marketing organizations that wish to maximize returns from their paid search investments. Most marketing teams work with their legal department to develop policies, report templates and procedures.

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  • Complications Common complications of coughing include chest and abdominal wall soreness, urinary incontinence, and exhaustion. On occasion, paroxysms of coughing may precipitate syncope (cough syncope; Chap. 21), consequent to markedly positive intrathoracic and alveolar pressures, diminished venous return, and decreased cardiac output. Although cough fractures of the ribs may occur in otherwise normal patients, their occurrence should at least raise the possibility of pathologic fractures, which are seen with multiple myeloma, osteoporosis, and osteolytic metastases.

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  • The historic return profile of the Credit Suisse Leveraged Loan Index1 changed dramatically following the 2008 financial crisis. Pre-crisis, returns were relatively stable and characterized by low volatility. By the end of 2008, volatility had spiked dramatically. However, it is important to note that the volatility experienced in mid 2008 to early 2009 was due largely to a technology-driven sell-off, caused by excessive new issuances and forced selling from leveraged vehicles with market-value triggers.

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  • Chapter 4 - Costs of production. In this chapter you will: consider the major organizational forms of business—sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations; learn about economic costs (explicit and implicit) of production and economic profit analyze short-run (total, average, and marginal) products, and the law of diminishing marginal returns; derive short-run (total, average, and marginal) costs; examine long-run results of production (increasing returns to scale, constant to scale, and decreasing to scale) and long-run costs.

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