Corticosteroids are often used as an adjunct in the treatment of various forms of tuberculosis (TB) and for the prevention
of complications, such as constrictive pericarditis, hydrocephalus, focal neurological deficits, pleural adhesions, and intestinal
strictures. Notwithstanding, they have been proven in clinical trials to improve the following outcomes only — death or
disability in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seronegative patients with tubercular meningitis and tubercular
Hajo Zeeb reported having received remuneration from employment and con-
sultancy for a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related
to the subject of air pollution. He also reported having received research support
from a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related to the
subject of the meeting. He confirmed having held an office or other position,
paid or unpaid, where he may have been expected to represent interests or de-
fend a position related to the subject air pollution.
A more specialised health care insurance market – private long-term care (LTC) insurance – is
absent or very limited in countries with comprehensive public long-term care benefits, such as in
Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Japan and Luxembourg. In Germany, LTC cover is statutory for every
Geochemical – Geochemical surveys that monitor
the reservoir characteristics have routinely been
used in the oil and gas industry and have been
successfully adopted for use in monitoring carbon
sequestration. Initially, reservoir samples (solids,
liquids, and gases) are collected to establish
a baseline prior to CO2 injection; tests can be
repeated later to monitor CO2 migration (using
tracers), or to assess geochemical changes, as CO2
saturated brine reacts with the reservoir formation.
Media-related commercial marketing aimed at promoting the purchase of products and services by children, and by adults for children, is ubiquitous and has been associated with negative health consequences such as poor nutrition and physical inactivity. But, as Douglas Evans points out, not all marketing in the electronic media is confined to the sale of products.
Jonathan Demme’s film is one of the most important films of the 1990s winning Oscars for best film,
director, actor, actress and adapted screenplay. This was groundbreaking because a film with such
lurid subject matter (it is the tale of two serial killers) had never achieved this status before. The film
could be described as a hybrid genre film mixing the police procedural/detective thriller genre with
the horror movie.
into forward currency contracts for hedging purposes
which can include the hedging of all or a portion of
the currency exposure of an investment or group of
investments, either directly or indirectly. The Fund
may also enter into these contracts for non-hedging
purposes which can include increasing the exposure
to a foreign currency or to shift exposure to foreign
currency fluctuations from one country to another.
On the political side, mechanisms for the rapid disbursement of project
grants to poor municipalities have an obvious potential for partisan pa-
tronage and for political advantage, particularly during election processes.
This has to be faced. To reduce the improper management of financial
resources, it is critical to adopt transparent and objective selection crite-
ria for projects. Additionally, to ensure long-term support for funds by
international donors, it is important that technical staff are not treated as
political appointees to be changed with each new government....
Surrogacy is an agreement in which a woman becomes pregnant and gives birth to a child for
someone else. Surrogacy can be paid or unpaid, and often involves a legal contract in which the
surrogate gives up parental rights to the child she births. If the surrogate’s own eggs are used
through alternative insemination or IVF, she is known as the “genetic surrogate.” If embryos are
created using another woman’s eggs and implanted in the surrogate, she is known as the
“gestational surrogate” and has no genetic tie to the child. Hiring a surrogate in the US can...
In many small and shallow aquifers the hydrochemistry does not evolve further. However, the
baseline natural quality of groundwater may vary spatially within the same aquifer if the
mineral assemblages vary, and also evolves with time as the water moves along groundwater
flow lines. If an aquifer dips below a confining layer (Figure 2.5), a sequence of
hydrochemical processes occurs with progressive distance down gradient away from the
outcrop, including precipitation of some solids when relevant ion concentrations reach
saturation levels for a solid mineral phase.
Recent research suggests that corporate governance reforms in the non-
financial sector may not be appropriate for banks and other financial sector firms.
This is based on the view that no single corporate governance structure is appropriate
for all industry sectors, and that the application of governance models to particular
industry sectors should take account of the institutional dynamics of the specific
Recognizing that human capital is important means that we also want to protect
it to the extent we can. Although it is not easy to protect the overall level of our
earnings powers, we can financially protect against death, which is the worst-case
scenario. Most of us will want to invest in life insurance, which protects us against
this mortality risk. Thus, our financial portfolio during the accumulation stage of
our lives will typically consist of stocks, bonds, and life insurance.
We face another kind of risk after we retire.
Marketing under the AIFM Directive covers any “direct or indirect offering or placement at the initiative of the AIFM or on behalf of the AIFM of units or shares in an AIF it manages to or with investors domiciled in the EU.” An AIF is defined as a collective investment undertaking, or compartment thereof, which raises capital from a number of investors, with a view to investing it in accordance with a defined investment policy for the benefit of those investors and which is not covered by the UCITS Directive.
The marketing provisions of the Directive do not apply to passive...
The issues related to non-market forest goods and services involve social and economic dimensions.
Unlike market forest goods and services, non-market ones are not traditionally traded and their
value is not defined by the market price. At the same time the access to non-market forest goods and
services is largely unlimited and free in most of the EU Member States. These characteristics of non-
market goods and services, combined with their growing importance and social demands, can lead to
an un-sustainable management of these goods and services. ...
Addressing diet and physical activity in the workplace has the potential
to improve the health status of workers; contribute to a positive and
caring image of the company; improve staff morale; reduce staff
turnover and absenteeism; enhance productivity; and reduce sick leave,
health plan costs and workers' compensation and disability payments.
this current publication is dedicated to the work of those who have employed the
methodologies espoused by Caviness. It is meant to address all whose critical methods
have been denigrated, whose contributions, when theoretically grounded, have been
refused for publication, or whose critical insights have been expunged by editors, peer
reviewers, and publishers. For obvious reasons this remains a virtual community, whose
members remain unaware of each other, but it may be cultivated as a conscious epistemic
community whose members seek support from one another.
In addition, Kaiser CDSMP participants had 0.2 fewer
visits to the emergency room and 0.97 fewer hospital days
compared to the year prior to completing the CDSMP. As a
result, they reduced their health care costs. For example, if
the average cost per day of hospitalization were $1,000 and
the average cost of an emergency room visit were $100, the
potential savings would be $990 per participant for the first
year following completion of the program (0.97 days of
hospitalization multiplied by $1,000 plus 0.2 emergency
visits multiplied by $100).
The analysis by Tirole (2008) of maturity transformation by financial intermediaries such as
pension funds and insurance companies which have (uncertain) long-term liabilities (and
assets of a shorter maturity) carries this Keynesian tradition further. In the presence of
macroeconomic shocks that affect everybody simultaneously, he argues, private sector
assets are not useful. Instead what is needed is an external risk-free store of value such as
In its most basic form, Lean Manufacturing is the systematic elimination of waste by focusing on
production costs, product quality and delivery, and worker involvement. In the 1950s, Taiichi Ohno,
developer of the Toyota “just-in-time” Production System, created the modern intellectual and cultural
framework for Lean Manufacturing and waste elimination. Ohno defined waste as “any human activity
which absorbs resources but creates no value.
Business leaders can put aspiration into practice when they pursue their vocation, motivated
by much more than ﬁnancial success. When they integrate the gifts of the spiritual life, the virtues and
ethical social principles into their life and work, they may overcome the divided life, and receive the
grace to foster the integral development of all business stakeholders. The Church calls upon the business
leader to receive—humbly acknowledging what God has done for him or her —and to give—entering into
communion with others to make the world a better place.