Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – investment by foreign companies in overseas subsidiaries or
joint ventures – has a traditional reliance on natural resource use and extraction,particularly
agriculture, mineral and fuel production. Though this balance has shifted in recent years, the poorest countries still receive a disproportionate amount of investment flows into their natural resource sectors.
Foreigners invested $325 billion in U.S. businesses and real estate in 2008, according to data
published by the Department of Commerce.1 As Figure 1 shows, this represents a sharp increase
over the $237 billion invested in 2007. Investments abroad by U.S. parent firms fell slightly in
2008 to $318 billion, down from the $333 billion they invested abroad in 2007. The increase in
foreign direct investment flows mirrors a turnaround in global flows. According to the United
Nations’ World Investment Report, global foreign direct investment inflows increased by 30% in
2007 and 38% in 2006....
Research Foreign direct investment towards sustainable development in the northern key economic region purposes: the thesis recommends main orientations and solutions in order to promote foreign direct investment towards sustainable development in NKER in the future.
In this chapter, you will explore foreign direct investment. You will also: Learn about worldwide patterns of foreign direct investment flows and the theories that attempt to explain them; understand important management issues in the foreign direct investment decision; and examine why governments intervene in the flow of foreign direct investment and the methods they use.
The object of the dissertation is the direct investment projects of Vietnam enterprises into Laos. Besides, in order to better assess the current status of the projects as well as investment opportunities into Laos in the future, the thesis will study the investment environment in Laos, the main competitors (Thailand and China), policy related to OFDI activities of Vietnam and Laos, the documents signed between enterprises as well as the two governments.
The main goals of this chapter are to: Appreciate the magnitude of international trade; identify the direction of trade, or who trades with whom; explain the size, growth, and direction of U.S. foreign direct investment, worldwide and in the U.S.; identify who invests and how much is invested in U.S.; understand the reasons for entering foreign markets.
The inflow of foreign direct investment is one of the key indicators of competitiveness of the national economy and regions in the Czech Republic. In the case of transitive economies(such as the Czech economy), globalization is deeply associated with the inflow of foreign direct investment that is able to integrate the national economy to global markets and global production chains.
Research objectives: Systematize some theoretical issues on FDI, the major economic areas in the North of Vietnam; assess the practical situation of FDI in the major economic areas in the North of Vietnam last time, show the problems that need to solve; clarify some theoretical issues, practices of the foreign direct investment of the major economic areas in the North of Vietnam; proposes main requirements and solutions to attract the foreign direct investment of the major economic areas in the North of Vietnam in the future.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) flows amounted to 1,697 billion USD in 2008, while
global FDI stocks reached a level of more than 16,205 billion USD.1 These figures
underline the fact that FDI has gained an importance that is comparable to trade in
providing foreign markets with goods and services.2 In addition, FDI constitutes the
largest source of external finance for developing countries.3 Nevertheless, the global
financial crisis had a significant impact on FDI at the end of 2008, reducing flows by
approximately 14.2% compared to the all-time high of 1,978 billion USD in 2007.
This chapter discusses the recent trends in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and a few theories explaining those trends. The main goals are to: Describe the importance of FDI in the world economy, and the changing geographic and sectoral patterns of FDI over time; explain the benefits and costs of FDI for host and home countries; present a number of different theories that attempt to explain the FDI rationale; outline the interlinkages between international trade and FDI.
Chapter 4 - Foreign direct investment: practice and theory. This chapter discusses the recent trends in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and a few theories explaining those trends. The main goals are to: Describe the importance of FDI in the world economy, and the changing geographic and sectoral patterns of FDI over time; explain the benefits and costs of FDI for host and home countries; present a number of different theories that attempt to explain the FDI rationale; outline the interlinkages between international trade and FDI.
Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology
transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through
corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other
hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic,
though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region
in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating
increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.
.Praise for Hedge Fund of Funds Investing: An Investor’s Guide
by Joseph G. Nicholas
“Hedge funds of funds are at the leading edge of the broad move into hedge investing by the mainstream of private wealth management.
Foreign direct investment is often considered as simultaneously being one of the consequences and drivers of
globalisation. In the process of opening up economies to participate in some of the positive impacts of globalisation,
countries position themselves in respect of attracting foreign direct investment. In addition, the ability to attract
foreign direct investment and its positive impact in growing economies is valued as an integral part of the road to
successful economic growth and development. ...
The three chapters of this report cover an assessment on the impacts of China ’s
accession to the WTO (World Trade Organization), an analysis on Free Trade Areas in
China, Japan and Korea, and an analysis on the perspectives and issues of Japanese and
Korean direct investment in China, with a focus on technology transfer. These three
areas represent the major issues related to the trend toward liberalized trade and
investment in Northeast Asia.
This volume contains nine papers that were prepared as part of a research
project on the impact of taxation on international capital ﬂows, under-
taken by the National Bureau of Economic Research. These papers pres-
ent new quantitative ﬁndings concerning the eﬀects of taxation on foreign
direct investment, international tax avoidance, and international produc-
tivity spillovers. This research was presented and discussed in a series of
meetings that culminated in a conference held in Cambridge, Massachu-
setts, on 14–15 November 1997....
It would be tactless in a foreword to propose answers to the puzzle of bilateral
investment treaties (BITs) and double taxation treaties (DTTs). Perhaps, though,
it is not inappropriate to pose some questions that may whet the appetite of the
reader. Although many questions about the diffusion and implications of these
bilateral treaties are relevant to both BITs and DTTs, I focus on BITs, a topic on
which many academic and policy discussions have centered.
Many foreign companies use a combination of exporting, licensing and direct investment in India.
India permits 100% foreign equity in most industries. Units setting up in special economic zones
(SEZs), operating in electronic hardware or software technology parks or operating as 100%
export-oriented units also may be fully foreign-owned. Nevertheless, the government has set
sector-specific caps on foreign equity in certain industries, such as basic and cellular
telecommunications services, banking, civil aviation and retail trading.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a heterogeneous flow of funds, composed of both acquisition (cross-border mergers and acquisitions, M&A) and Greenfield investment (GF). Since the dilemma of a firm between GF and M&A is similar to the one between cooperation and defection in Prisoner’s Dilemma (PD), we used PD for modeling FDI. We discuss the conditions for the firms to take GF (cooperation) option by equilibrium analysis