Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – investment by foreign companies in overseas subsidiaries or
joint ventures – has a traditional reliance on natural resource use and extraction,particularly
agriculture, mineral and fuel production. Though this balance has shifted in recent years, the poorest countries still receive a disproportionate amount of investment flows into their natural resource sectors.
Foreigners invested $325 billion in U.S. businesses and real estate in 2008, according to data
published by the Department of Commerce.1 As Figure 1 shows, this represents a sharp increase
over the $237 billion invested in 2007. Investments abroad by U.S. parent firms fell slightly in
2008 to $318 billion, down from the $333 billion they invested abroad in 2007. The increase in
foreign direct investment flows mirrors a turnaround in global flows. According to the United
Nations’ World Investment Report, global foreign direct investment inflows increased by 30% in
2007 and 38% in 2006....
[ Team LiB ] Recipe 8.5 Reading XML Data Directly from SQL Server Problem You need to read XML data directly from the SQL Server. Solution Use the FOR XML clause in the stored procedure or SQL statement. The C# code is shown in Example 8-8. Example 8-8. File
The first purpose is to remind students of English of the values of directness and indirectness in aspects of life and career as discussing about the importance of directness and indirectness. Secondly, a general summary about directness and indirectness is given to provide people with a firm foundation about directness and indirectness. Thirdly, directness in English as well as indirectness in Vietnamese is investigated to find out similarities and differences between the two.
Publishing Process Manager Iva Lipovic Technical Editor InTech DTP team Cover InTech Design team First published January, 2013 Printed in Croatia A free online edition of this book is available at www.intechopen.com Additional hard copies can be obtained from firstname.lastname@example.org Research Directions in Tumor Angiogenesis, Edited by Jianyuan Chai p. cm. ISBN 978-953-51-0963-1
The art of watercolor involves a great many techniques. One I follow is called the "direct method" and is achieved by attempting to paint accurate color values and shapes in the first stages of the painting process. Of course, adjustments will be made in some areas before the work is completed. Even so, the "direct method" saves a great deal of time and allows the colors to glow with freshness.
Pencil Sketch The first step to success is to choose fine source material. I choose one of my own photographs that has good color and composition. Having taken the photo,...
Direct marketing is an effective marketing tool that SMEs should deploy as part of their everyday marketing activity. It is one of the most effective ways a small business can acquire new customers, retain existing customers and or increase the revenue potential of an existing base of customers
Ebook Direction D'etat des archives du Viet Nam - Kiến trúc Hà Nội qua các thời kỳ giới thiệu tới người đọc các kiến trúc Hà Nội thời kỳ thuộc địa và 32 công trình kiến trúc nổi tiếng ở Hà Nội thời kỳ thuộc địa như: Phủ toàn quyền Đông Dương, dinh thự phó toàn quyền Động Dương, phủ thống sứ Bắc Kỳ,... Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo nội dung chi tiết cuốn sách này.
In recent years, legislative and market requirements have driven the need to reduce fuel
consumption while meeting increasingly stringent exhaust emissions. This trend has
dictated increasing complexity in automotive engines and new approaches to engine
design. A key research objective for the automotive engineering community has been the
potential combination of gasoline-engine specific power with diesel-like engine
efficiency in a cost-competitive, production-feasible power train.
Research Foreign direct investment towards sustainable development in the northern key economic region purposes: the thesis recommends main orientations and solutions in order to promote foreign direct investment towards sustainable development in NKER in the future.
The object of the dissertation is the direct investment projects of Vietnam enterprises into Laos. Besides, in order to better assess the current status of the projects as well as investment opportunities into Laos in the future, the thesis will study the investment environment in Laos, the main competitors (Thailand and China), policy related to OFDI activities of Vietnam and Laos, the documents signed between enterprises as well as the two governments.
In this chapter, you will explore foreign direct investment. You will also: Learn about worldwide patterns of foreign direct investment flows and the theories that attempt to explain them; understand important management issues in the foreign direct investment decision; and examine why governments intervene in the flow of foreign direct investment and the methods they use.
In this chapter, you will learn: The new direct-marketing model, growth and benefits of direct marketing, customer databases and direct marketing, forms of direct marketing, online marketing, setting up an online marketing presence, public policy issues in direct marketing.
We present a system that learns to follow navigational natural language directions. Where traditional models learn from linguistic annotation or word distributions, our approach is grounded in the world, learning by apprenticeship from routes through a map paired with English descriptions. Lacking an explicit alignment between the text and the reference path makes it difﬁcult to determine what portions of the language describe which aspects of the route.
Distributional word similarity is most commonly perceived as a symmetric relation. Yet, one of its major applications is lexical expansion, which is generally asymmetric. This paper investigates the nature of directional (asymmetric) similarity measures, which aim to quantify distributional feature inclusion. We identify desired properties of such measures, specify a particular one based on averaged precision, and demonstrate the empirical beneﬁt of directional measures for expansion.
The relevance of context in disambiguating natural language input has been widely acknowledged in the literature. However, most attempts at formalising the intuitive notion of context tend to treat the word and its context symmetrically. We demonstrate here that traditional measures such as mutual information score are likely to overlook a significant fraction of all co-occurrence phenomena in natural language. We also propose metrics for measuring directed lexical influence and compare performances.
This paper presents an incremental probabilistic learner that models the acquistion of syntax and semantics from a corpus of child-directed utterances paired with possible representations of their meanings. These meaning representations approximate the contextual input available to the child; they do not specify the meanings of individual words or syntactic derivations. The learner then has to infer the meanings and syntactic properties of the words in the input along with a parsing model.
This paper presents the ﬁrst demonstration of a statistical spoken dialogue system that uses automatic belief compression to reason over complex user goal sets. Reasoning over the power set of possible user goals allows complex sets of user goals to be represented, which leads to more natural dialogues. The use of the power set results in a massive expansion in the number of belief states maintained by the Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) spoken dialogue manager.