Global Warming has become perhaps the most complicated issue being faced by world leaders. Thus, it requires field of attention for many modern societies, power and energy engineers, academicians, researchers and stakeholders. The so-called consensus in the past century anthropogenically induced Global Warming, has recently been disputed by rising number of climate change panelists.
The Earth environment derives from a unique combination of factors favouring the
development of various landscapes and life forms. The activity of the meteorological,
geophysical or hydrological factors is characterized by variations of different
amplitudes and frequencies that can provoke severe disequilibrium to a given
ecosystem. Disasters can arise anywhere at the crossroads between natural hazards
and human society, as a combined result of the strength of extreme events and a
fragile, unprepared community....
Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management documents the imperative need for communities to prepare for the coming effects of climate change and provides a series of in-depth, road-tested recommendations on how to reduce risks for communities and businesses.
Every year, the damages, caused by the natural disasters such as heavy rainfalls, floods and doughts ..., take lives and destroy properties in many parts of the world. In water resources engineering, frequency analysis is one of the statistical techniques applied by hydrologists to try and estimate the probabilities associated with design events.
Given that the adverse affects of climate change on agriculture are expected to burden poor
countries disproportionately, and their rural poor in particular, Bolivia is especially vulnerable as
it is the poorest country in South America with at least 70% of the rural population living in
poverty and more than a third of rural Bolivians living in extreme poverty. Those citizens who
have been displaced by natural disasters in rural areas often remain at risk in urban areas as
shantytowns and slums are frequently situated on land prone to flooding or landslide.