Xem 1-20 trên 217 kết quả Discounts
  • The observed market rate of interest is the sum of the utility discount factor (reflecting impatience) and the utility growth factor (reflecting diminishing marginal utility of consumption).

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  • We investigate the empirical behavior of ngram discounts within and across domains. When a language model is trained and evaluated on two corpora from exactly the same domain, discounts are roughly constant, matching the assumptions of modified Kneser-Ney LMs. However, when training and test corpora diverge, the empirical discount grows essentially as a linear function of the n-gram count. We adapt a Kneser-Ney language model to incorporate such growing discounts, resulting in perplexity improvements over modified Kneser-Ney and Jelinek-Mercer baselines. ...

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  • In this chapter, we assume that the appropriate measure of future equity cash flows is dividends. We will use dividend discount models (DDMs) and the discount rates discussed in Chapter 2 to determine the common stock value. The topics discussed in this chapter are: An overview of present value models, the general form of the DDM, the Gordon growth model, multistage dividend discount models, and the determinants of dividend growth rates.

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  • In the financial appraisal of a project, the cashflow statements are constructed from two points of view: the Total Investment (TI) Point of View and the Equity Point of View. One of the most important issues is the estimation of the correct financial discount rates for the two points of view. In the presence of taxes, the benefit of the tax shield from the interest deduction may be excluded or included in the free cashflow (FCF) of the project. Depending on whether the tax shield is included or excluded, the formulas for the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) will be different.

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  • Bài giảng Chapter 10: The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows provides about Overview and “vocabulary”, Methods (Payback, discounted payback; NPV; IRR, MIRR; Profitability Index), Unequal lives, Economic life.

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  • The Oxford Monographs on Criminal Law and Justice series covers all aspects of criminal law and procedure including criminal evidence. The scope of the series is wide, encompassing both practical and theoretical works. This volume is a thematic collection of essays on sentencing theory by leading writers.

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  • The two approaches to valuing common stocks using fundamental security analysis are: Discounted Cash flow techniques. Attempts to estimate the value of a stock today using a present value analysis. Relative valuation techniques. A stock is valued relative to other stocks based on the basis of ratios.

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  • When you fi nish this chapter, you should have some very practical skills. For example, you will know how to calculate your own car payments or student loan payments. You will also be able to determine how long it will take to pay off a credit card if you make the minimum payment each month (a practice we do not recommend).

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  • Chapter 2 – Discounted cash flow applications. This chapter calculate and interpret the net present value (NPV) and the internal rate of return (IRR) of an investment, contrast the NPV rule to the IRR rule, calculate the money-weighted and time-weighted rates of return of a portfolio,...

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Be able to compute the future value of multiple cash flows, be able to compute the present value of multiple cash flows, be able to compute loan payments, be able to find the interest rate on a loan, understand how loans are amortised or paid off, understand how interest rates are quoted.

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  • The old 80/20 rule for software—that 80% of a program’s users use only 20% of a program’s features— doesn’t apply to Microsoft Excel. Instead, this program probably operates under what could be called the 95/5 rule: 95% of Excel users use a mere 5% of the program’s power. On the other hand, most people know that they could be getting more out of Excel if they could only get a leg up on building formulas and using functions.

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  • Demand depends on two factors demand transaction from dn and households, the interest rate impact on demand. and the demand for assets. money supply based on: + annual growth rate of kt + the cost of goods index (inflation) + budget deficit + deficit of the balance of international payment + credit channel (discount) budget + channels (government loans and loan) + central bank released the money to buy foreign currency reserves.

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  • For nearly 20 years, since the emergence of PCs, Lotus 1-2-3, and Microsoft Excel in the 1980’s, spreadsheet models have been the dominant vehicles for finance professionals in the business world to implement their financial knowledge. Yet even today, most Corporate Finance textbooks rely on calculators as the primary tool and have little (if any) coverage of how to build spreadsheet models. This book fills that gap. It teaches students how to build financial models in Excel.

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  • I didn’t follow Mark Twain’s advice in this book (the word very appears throughout), but if my writing still appears “just as it should be,” then it’s because of the keen minds and sharp linguistic eyes of the editors at Que. Near the front of the book you’ll find a long list of the hard-working professionals whose fingers made it into this particular paper pie.

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  • 2001, 20h00 Khi bắt đầu làm quen với việc kinh doanh chứng khoán, việc đầu tiên chúng ta phải làm là mở tài khoản tại một công ty chứng khoán.

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  • Factoring: Normally, when the suppliers have decided to sell goods on credit, they believe that the customers are trustworthy and will be able to pay their invoices. they fell sure that they will get paid. But they still have the problem that the customers may delay payment and their money is tied up in unpaid invoices, which is harmful for their business. Factoring is a way of raising money from unpaid invoices. The factor agrees to buy the invoices of the suppliers at a discount. In this way the suppliers do not have to wait for a long thime for payment.

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  • Ngày nay, người ta biết tới Wal-mart như là một đế chế bán lẻ lớn nhất thế giới mà doanh thu của nó hàng năm của nó có thể được xếp vào danh mục nh ng qu c gia có GDP cao nh t th gi i, 373,80 t USD (2007). Wal-Mart ữ ố ấ ế ớ ỉ được mệnh danh là nhà bán lẻ của thế kỷ bơỉ Discount Store News và được xếp vào danh sách những công ty được ngưỡng mộ nhất trên thế giới của tạp chí nổi tiếng Finacial Time. Wal-mart làm được điều đó bởi nó không chỉ...

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  • Trong nền kinh tế thị trường, doanh nghiệp thường xuyên tham gia các hoạt động tại thị trường tài chính, tại đó giá trị của các tài sản tài chính như trái phiếu, cổ phiếu và các lại chứng từ có giá khác phụ thuộc vào khoản lợi nhuận kỳ vọng do chúng mang lại trong tương lai hoặc mức độ rủi ro của doanh nghiệp.

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  • 2.1 Các phương pháp định lượngCó hai phương pháp: a. Method)· Phương pháp dòng tiền tệ chiết giảm (Discounted Cash Flow Phương pháp giá trị tương đương (PW, FW, AW): Đưa tất cả các giá trị của dòng tiền tệ về một thời điểm nào đó: hiện tại, tương lai, hoặc hàng năm.Tiêu chuẩn đánh giá “Phương án đáng giá” :+ Các phương án độc lập: NPV 0 + Các phương án loại trừ nhau: NPV à Max (với NPV 0) pháp suất thu lợi (IRR, ERR, ERRR)thu lợi nội tại)ERR IRR ...

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