Indeed, in a world with constant returns to scale in production, two
segregated economies with the same distribution of skills would completely
bypass discrimination and would have equal wages and equal returns to
other resources, regardless of the desire to discriminate against the segre-
gated minorities. Therefore, discrimination by the majority in the market-
place is effective because minority members cannot provide various skills in
sufficient quantities to companies that would specialize in using these
For many immigrants to the United States, limited proficiency in the English language is a formidable challenge to both economic and social integration into their new home. Immigrants who speak English poorly are more superficially foreign than others, and this may contribute to their being discriminated against by U.S. natives. Moreover, immigrants with limited English proficiency might self-segregate, compounding this social and economic isolation.
During the last decades, global organizations and women’s rights advocates have called on
governments to recognise the multiple determinants of women’s health, and there has been a
growing consensus about the need to integrate and widen health services to respond to a
broad variety of problems affecting them.
In order to deal with the many challenges in Northern Uganda, such as poverty and discrimination against
women, AWARE utilizes several strategies to empower women. The encourage women to be part of a
rotating loan scheme as they have found that rotating loans and subsequent economic empowerment
enhance women’s decision-making power in the household. AWARE also holds dialogues with Local
Councils to encourage the council to give women land, and to take other measures to reduce discrimination
People with disabilities have too often been excluded from everyday activities: shopping at a
corner store, going to a neighborhood restaurant or movie with family and friends, or using the
swimming pool at a hotel on the family vacation. The ADA is a Federal civil rights law that
prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities and opens doors for full participation in
all aspects of everyday life.
This session is an occasion to discuss good practices in MDG achievement with regard to gender equality that can help
improve the way in which development cooperation promotes gender equality in a more systematic way while also
improving its own effectiveness and coherence in line with national and international agreements.
Achievement of such commitments is a key driver of effective development cooperation on all fronts.
Although the African Charter is the primary treaty providing a framework for human
rights in the region, its provisions on women’s rights are largely seen as ineffective and
The charter recognizes and afﬁrms women’s rights in three provisions. First, article
18(3) requires states parties to “ensure the elimination of every discrimination against
women and also ensure the protection of the rights of the woman.
Thank you for respecting the author's work. Work From Home Facts Fact: Right now almost everyone is desperate to secure their financial survival, and they know that a home business, in a proven and widely-respected industry which is immune to economic ups and downs, is their only chance. If only they can find such a thing. Fact: People already know that internet marketing is a lottery, not a business, and are intensely wary of these and other scams. Fact: Women, and parenting men, are still discriminated against in the workplace. Fact: Men and women are deserting the traditional workplace...
Students with disabilities desiring to enroll in any program, service, or activity
of Pepperdine University must be able to meet the minimal standards of both the
University and the particular school, program, service, or activity to which
admission is sought.
The University does not engage in any affirmative action programs for students
with disabilities nor does it consider a student’s disability in evaluating admission
criteria. It is, of course, within the students’ discretion to inform the respective
school’s Admission Committee of a disability if they wish.
In what ways has Islamic law discriminated against women and
privileged men? What rights and power have been accorded to Muslim
women, and how have they used the legal system to enhance their social
and economic position? In an analysis of Islamic law through the prism
of gender, Judith E. Tucker tackles these complex questions relating to
thepositionofwomeninIslamicsociety, and to the ways in which the
legal system shaped the family, property rights, space, and sexuality, from
classical and medieval times to the present.
Discrimination against outsiders has always existed, but with the exception
of a few discussions of the employment of women (see Edgeworth ,
and Faucett ), economists wrote little on this subject before the
1950s. I began to worry about racial, religious, and gender discrimination
while a graduate student, and used the concept of discrimination coeffi-
cients to organize my approach to prejudice and hostility to members of
Presumably, the amount of observable discrimination against minorities
in wages and employment depends not only on tastes for discrimination, but
also on other variables, such as the degree of competition and civil rights
legislation. However, aside from the important theory of compensating
differentials originated by Adam Smith, and a few major studies like Myr-
dal’s American Dilemma , there was little else available in the 1950s to
build on to analyze how prejudice and other variables interact. ...
In research portraying community life, the multiplicity of viewpoints present within Aboriginal
communities should be represented fairly, including viewpoints specific to age and gender
Researchers have an obligation to understand and observe the protocols concerning
communications within any Aboriginal community.
Researchers have an obligation to observe ethical and professional practices relevant to their
Researchers have an obligation to observe and respect a holistic philosophy in practice.
Countries in the WHO European Region face enormous challenges in working
to promote the mental well-being of their populations, to prevent mental health
problems in marginalized and vulnerable groups and to treat, care for and support
the recovery of people with mental health problems. Mental health has growing
priority across the Region, owing to the awareness of both the human and
economic costs to society and the suffering of individuals.
The nematodeCaenorhabditis elegansexpresses two metallothioneins (MTs),
CeMT-1 and CeMT-2, that are believed to be key players in the protection
against metal toxicity. In this study, both isoforms were expressedin vitro in
the presence of either Zn(II) or Cd(II).
For while the growing abundance of goods may reduce the value of addi-
tional goods, time becomes more valuable as goods become more abundant.
Utility maximization is of no relevance in a Utopia where everyone’s needs
are fully satisfied, but the constant flow of time makes such a Utopia
impossible. These are some of the issues analyzed in Becker , and
The following sections illustrate the economic approach with four very
This proposition can be illustrated with an analysis of discrimination in
South Africa, where blacks are four to five times as numerous as whites.
Discrimination against blacks has also significantly hurt whites, although
some white groups have benefitted (see Becker [1971, pages 30 - 31], and
Hutt ). Its sizable cost to whites suggests why apartheid and other
blatant forms of Afrikaaner discrimination eventually broke down.
This paper presents an unsupervised algorithm which automatically discovers word senses from text. The algorithm is based on a graph model representing words and relationships between them. Sense clusters are iteratively computed by clustering the local graph of similar words around an ambiguous word. Discrimination against previously extracted sense clusters enables us to discover new senses. We use the same data for both recognising and resolving ambiguity.
Some people call Tai Chi Chuan an "inside family fist". There are three reasons for doing so. First of all, Confucianism discriminates against foreign influences. Secondly, the Tai Chi Chuan technique concentrates upon grabbing the joints of the opponent;s body so that whatever bodily harm that is inflicted is internal and invisible to the opponent. Third of al, Tai Chi Chuan concentrates upon directing the chi to circulate inside the body.