Document introduction of content: Definition, introduction and key points, disease burden and epidemiology, causes of dysphagia, clinical diagnosis, treatment options, references, useful web sites and guidelines.
Document presentation of content: Introduction & key points, disease burden & endemicity, risk groups, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management of strongyloidiasis, literature references, useful websites, queries and feedback from you.
Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women worldwide, and infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) has been identified as the causal agent for this condition. The natural history of cervical cancer is characterized by slow disease progression, rendering the condition in essence preventable and even treatable when diagnosed in early stages.
Reduced levels of clinical or radiological pneumonia in clin-
ical trials of a nine-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
provide an estimate of the vaccine-preventable disease burden
(valency indicates the number of serotypes against which the
vaccine provides protection; conjugate refers to conjugation of
polysaccharides to a protein backbone). In a study in The
Gambia, 37 percent of radiological pneumonia was prevented,
reflecting the amount of disease caused by S. pneumoniae, and
mortality was reduced by 16 percent (Cutts and others 2005).
Nevertheless, the broad message of this analysis is fairly clear. Air pollution from
maquiladoras has serious consequences for human health, including respiratory disease and
premature mortality. However, maquiladoras are clearly not the leading cause of air pollution in
Paso del Norte. Moreover, most maquiladoras are probably less important sources of dangerous
air pollution than at least one notoriously polluting Mexican-owned industry. Finally, we find no
evidence to suggest that maquiladora air pollution affects the poor disproportionately.
Previous World Health Organization studies have examined the aggregate
disease burden attributed to key environmental risks globally and
regionally, quantifying the amount of death and disease caused by factors
such as unsafe drinking-water and sanitation, and indoor and outdoor air
Building from that experience, this present study examines how specific
diseases and injuries are impacted by environmental risks, and which
regions and populations are most vulnerable to environmentally-mediated
diseases and injuries.
This report confirms that approximately one-quarter of the global disease
burden, and more than one-third of the burden among children, is due to
modifiable environmental factors. The analysis here also goes a step
further, and systematically analyzes how different diseases are impacted by
environmental risks… and by 'how much.' Heading that list are diarrhoea,
lower respiratory infections, various forms of unintentional injuries, and
WHOís failure to eradicate malaria (after a significant victory over smallpox) revealed
the interrelationship of health and infrastructure, culture, politics and economic stability.
In addition, it demonstrated the imperative that health campaigns be culturally-sensitive
and discredited the notion of magic bullets for the worldís disease burdens.
Nigeria’s Leaders Prioritize Prevention
The First Lady of Cross River State, Mrs. Obioma
Liyel-Imoke, is a public health crusader who is
profoundly dedicated to reducing child pneumonia
deaths in Nigeria — the country with the
highest child pneumonia burden in Africa. She
created the Breath of Life health initiative that
works within communities to promote pneumonia
prevention. On World Pneumonia Day,
Breath of Life, the First Lady and other dignitaries
led an energetic advocacy walk to educate
parents about child pneumonia in the local
government area (LGA) of Bekwarra.
Much of what is known about asthma risk factors comes
from studies of young children. Risk factors for the
development of asthma in adults, particularly de novo in
adults who did not have asthma in childhood, are less
The lack of a clear definition for asthma presents a
significant problem in studying the role of different risk
factors in the development of this complex disease,
because the characteristics that define asthma (e.g.
together we must make a decisive move, now, to improve the health of women and children around the
world. we know what works. we have achieved excellent progress in a short time in some countries.
the answers lie in building our collective resolve to ensure universal access to essential health services
and proven, life-saving interventions as we work to strengthen health systems. these range from family
planning and making childbirth safe, to increasing access to vaccines and treatment for hIV and aIds,
malaria, tuberculosis, pneumonia and other neglected diseases.
Many special events are held on private property, with leadership shared among the venue owner/
private security and the local police and ire departments. Even when one law enforcement agency
clearly has the lead and provides most of the resources—a July 4th celebration in a city park, for
example—assistance from other law enforcement agencies may be needed (e.g., sherif’s oice for
prisoner transport, county police for standby tactical support).
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in the
Western world. In recent years, there have been many developments in the field of GERD. At least, all these
developments have helped to find new diagnostic procedures and different treatment concepts. As well
known, GERD affects patients quality of life and leads to a significant economic burden on society. Therefore,
all further investigations should primary aim in an improvement of patients daily life.
Today, Vancouver has the smallest per capita carbon footprint of
any city in North America. We have been able to achieve this in
collaboration with our energy utility providers, senior levels of
government, and innovators in the business and non-proit sectors
who see new opportunity in responding to this challenge. Because
of these achievements, Vancouver is quickly becoming a new green
Vancouverites have consistently made choices that have turned our
home into one of the world’s most livable cities.
The belief that children will take care of the parents in the old age is eroding in India where
the family size has been cut down as a result of the demographic process (Dandelkar, 1996).
The situation in the urban areas shows a rejection of older people by the next generation and
this is spreading to rural areas (Desai, 1985). In the nuclear family regime, the position of the
aged becomes more vulnerable and is treated as a burden to the family (Nayar, 1992). The
social negligence of the aged occurs due to cultural, social and economic relations within the...
Victor McLaglen, the rambunctious leading man and later
character actor in American films, especially those of the legendary
director John Ford, played so many swaggering drunks and sentimen-
tal Irish sergeants that film critics dubbed him the British-born Wal-
lace Beery. The film critic David Thomson, who was less than gen-
erous in his overall summation of Victor McLaglen’s later film ca-
reer, wrote: “Self-pity and barroom Irish bravado were the keys to his
The current arrangements for local audit, whereby a single organisation - the Audit Commission - is the regulator, commissioner and provider of local audit services are inefficient and unnecessarily centralised. The Audit Commission has increased the professionalism and the quality of local government audit, but, it has also become too focused on reporting to central Government and supporting the previous era of a target driven Government.
Anti-choice activists already succeeded in changing the legal standards for assessing restrictions
on a woman’s right to choose; in Casey (1992), the court abandoned the most exacting standard
of legal review applied to fundamental rights, “strict scrutiny,” and instead implemented the
less protective standard of asking merely whether a restriction imposes an “undue burden” on a
woman’s right to choose.
33 A second avenue of attack on Roe is to restrict or eliminate
altogether its protections for women’s health.
Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs one of the
body's most basic functions: the conception of children. In the United States,
infertility affects about 7.3 million women and their partners, or about 12%
of the reproductive-aged population. For many of these couples, the answer
lies in conventional medical therapy, such as drug treatment or surgery to
repair reproductive organs. Since 1978, ART has provided another solution
for many would-be parents.