Thyroid and parathyroid diseases are among the most frequent conditions we have to
deal with in a clinical setting. Both nodular and autoimmune diseases affecting these
glands have increased remarkably over the past decades. The widespread use of crosssectional
imaging and the introduction of neck ultrasonography have led to a thyroid
nodule epidemics and the diagnostic of neck lesions in half of the population.
Consequently, many patients with microscopic papillary thyroid cancers of uncertain
clinical significance are submitted to surgeries that may, perhaps, be unnecessary....
In writing An Atlas of Parkinson’s Disease and
Related Disorders, I have been conscious of the
need to find an appropriate match between the
text and the illustrative material. The text is
designed to provide a basic overview of the conditions
discussed, inevitably concentrating on those
areas which lend themselves best to photographic
illustration. Some movement disorders, by their
very nature, do not lend themselves to still
photography whereas others, characterized by
sustained postures, are ideally suited to the technique.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 32. Oral Manifestations of Disease
Oral Manifestations of Disease: Introduction
As primary care physicians and consultants, internists are often asked to evaluate patients with disease of the oral soft tissues, teeth, and pharynx. Knowledge of the oral milieu and its unique structures is necessary to guide preventive services and recognize oral manifestations of local or systemic disease (Chap. e7).
This paper focuses on developing an empirical strategy for measuring the effect of pollution on
health. Specifically, I look at the effect of air pollution on children's hospitalization for asthma. Childhood
asthma is of particular interest for two reasons: 1) asthma is the leading chronic condition affecting children;
and 2) current pollution standards are based on adult health responses to pollution and children face a greater
risk from pollution exposure due to the sensitivity of their developing biological systems.
This study builds on earlier work in five ways.
Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women worldwide, and infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) has been identified as the causal agent for this condition. The natural history of cervical cancer is characterized by slow disease progression, rendering the condition in essence preventable and even treatable when diagnosed in early stages.
The quality and scientific preciseness of the authors coming from several countries,
does much to give strength to the whole book, especially as it reflects local and
regional realities that characterize the diversity of expression allergic. In fact, the
etiology and clinical response of allergic patient is very different, depending on the
location, habits, socio-economic conditions and even the specific interests of key lines
of investigation developed that the authors have incorporated into the chapters, but
always guided by higher values of accuracy....
In addition to family planning services, the WHP offers preventive health screening
services. For many women, the periodic family planning visit may be their only point of contact
for preventive care and screening. An analysis of patients at family planning centers found that
the majority (62%) considered the center their usual source of care and that poor (73%) and
uninsured (75%) women were even more likely to depend on the centers as their usual source of
Diseases of the Oral Mucosa
Most oral mucosal diseases involve microorganisms (Table 32-1).
Table 32-1 Vesicular, Bullous, or Ulcerative Lesions of the Oral Mucosa
Lip and oral
Heals that spontaneously in 10– days.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 113. Introduction to Infectious Diseases: Host–Pathogen Interactions
Host–Pathogen Interactions: Introduction
Despite decades of dramatic progress in their treatment and prevention, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death and debility and are responsible for worsening the living conditions of many millions of people around the world. Infections frequently challenge the physician's diagnostic skill and must be considered in the differential diagnoses of syndromes affecting every organ system.
The microbiology laboratory must be an ally in the diagnostic endeavor. Astute laboratory personnel will suggest optimal culture and transport conditions or alternative tests to facilitate diagnosis. If informed about specific potential pathogens, an alert laboratory staff will allow sufficient time for these organisms to become evident in culture, even when the organisms are present in small numbers or are slow-growing.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) or multiple personality disorder is assumed to have its
onset in childhood, but it is usually diagnosed in the fourth decade. It affects
preponderantly women and typically runs a chronic, waxing and waning course.
Comorbidities with other conditions (such as mood disorders and substance abuse) and its
plethora of clinical manifestations may hinder timely diagnosing.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that have
gained status as important regulators of gene expression. Recent studies
have demonstrated that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in the cardiovas-cular system under some pathological conditions.
Perhaps no other condition in clinical medicine has caused otherwise astute physicians to intervene inappropriately more often than thrombocytosis, particularly if the platelet count is 1 x 106/µL. It is commonly believed that a high platelet count causes intravascular stasis and thrombosis; however, no controlled clinical study has ever established this association, and in patients younger than age 60, the incidence of thrombosis was not greater in patients with thrombocytosis than in age-matched controls.
Many factors can influence the dynamic balance that exists between the host and the pathogen (M.
tuberculosis), but the host immune response seems to be the most important. This is illustrated by the vulnerability
of immune-compromised individuals to develop tuberculosis and by the age-related spectrum of disease witnessed
in immune-competent children. This age-related spectrum of disease reflects the ontogeny of the host immune
response towards M. tuberculosis.
An incurable condition is a condition that conventional medicine cannot cure. Usually these conditions are marked by serious suffering from the patient. There are many conditions that even using the incurable treatment, cannot be cured, an example of this is a birth defect. In other cases, it is the persons time
to die, and so the condition is not curable, but the pain and suffering that the individual faces can be greatly reduced.
A variety of conditions may occur in the breast. Starting from congenital abnormalities, conditions due to hormonal changes throughout reproductive life and physiological differences due to pregnancy and lactation are known.
The extensive use of visual images is a core feature of
this book. Over 570 figures and 65 summary tables
are used to illustrate various cardiovascular disease
conditions and key concepts. The opportunity to
write such a richly illustrated book is what drew me
to this project. Over twenty years of teaching
veterinary students and interacting with veterinary
practitioners has convinced me of the importance of
visual learning. Most of the images were collected in
the course of my practice at the University Veterinary