Diseases of the stomach

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:Primary adenocarcinoma of the stomach in von Recklinghausen’s disease with high serum levels of multiple tumor markers: a case report

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  • Catching cold"--Sitting on the floor--Kicking the bedclothes off--Inadequate head covering--Subjecting baby to different temperatures suddenly--Wearing rubbers--Direct infection--Acute nasal catarrh--Acute coryza--Acute rhinitis--"Cold in the head"--"Snuffles"--Treatment of acute nasal catarrh, or rhinitis, or coryza, or "cold in the head," or "snuffles"--Chronic nasal catarrh--Chronic rhinitis--Chronic discharge from the nose--Nervous or persistent cough--Adenoids as a cause of persistent cough--Croup--Acute catarrhal laryngitis--Spasmodic croup--False croup--Tonsilitis--Angina--Sore throa...

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  • Eosinophilia Eosinophilia is the presence of 500 eosinophils per µL of blood and is common in many settings besides parasite infection. Significant tissue eosinophilia can occur without an elevated blood count. A common cause of eosinophilia is allergic reaction to drugs (iodides, aspirin, sulfonamides, nitrofurantoin, penicillins, and cephalosporins). Allergies such as hay fever, asthma, eczema, serum sickness, allergic vasculitis, and pemphigus are associated with eosinophilia. Eosinophilia also occurs in collagen vascular diseases (e.g.

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  • Mucins are large glycoproteins protecting mucosal surfaces throughout the body. Their expressions are tissue-specific, but in disease states such as cys-tic fibrosis, inflammation and cancer, this specificity can be disturbed. MUC5AC is normally expressed in the mucous cells of the epithelia lining the stomach and the trachea, where it constitutes a major component of the gastric and respiratory mucus.

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  • Tumors of the Stomach Gastric Adenocarcinoma Incidence and Epidemiology For unclear reasons, the incidence and mortality rates for gastric cancer have decreased markedly during the past 75 years. The mortality rate from gastric cancer in the United States has dropped in men from 28 to 5.8 per 100,000 persons, while in women the rate has decreased from 27 to 2.8 per 100,000. Nonetheless, 21,260 new cases of stomach cancer were diagnosed in the United States, and 11,210 Americans died of the disease in 2007.

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  • The term acid-peptic disorders encompasses a variety of relatively specific medical conditions in which injury by gastric acid (and activated pepsin) is thought to play an important role. These disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), benign "peptic" ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, ulcers secondary to the use of conventional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and ulcers due to the rare Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.

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  • Achalasia is a rare disease of the muscle of the esophagus (swallowing tube). The term achalasia means "failure to relax" and refers to the inability of the lower esophageal sphincter (a ring of muscle situated between the lower esophagus and the stomach) to open and let food pass into the stomach. As a result, patients with achalasia have difficulty in swallowing food.

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  • Gastroesophageal (GAS-trow-ee-soff-uh-GEE-ol) reflux is a common digestive problem that happens when acid from the stomach flows back into the esophagus (ee-SOFF-uh-gus), the tube that leads the food from the mouth to the stomach. GER, also known as acid reflux, happens when a muscle at the bottom of the esophagus does not close properly. GER affects people of all ages from newborns to pregnant women to older adults.

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  • Once upon a time people simply sat down to dinner, eating to fill up an empty stomach or just for the pleasure of it. Nobody said, “Wow, that cream soup is loaded with calories,” or asked whether the bread was a highfiber loaf or fretted about the chicken being served with the skin still on. No longer. Today, the dinner table can be a battleground between health and pleasure. You plan your meals with the precision of a major general moving his troops into the front lines, and for most people, the fight to eat what’s good for you rather than what tastes good has become a...

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  • People get chikungunya fever when they are bitten by mosquitoes infected with the disease. For many years, the disease has been found in countries in Africa and Asia. The symptoms are increased body temperature, pain in muscles and joints and stomach sickness.

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  • Imatinib has also demonstrated targeted activity in other diseases, including gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), rare mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract (stomach and small intestine). The pathogenic molecular event for most patients with this disease is mutation of the proto-oncogene c-Kit, leading to the constitutive activation of this receptor tyrosine kinase without the binding of its physiologic ligand, stem cell factor. About 10% of GISTs encode activating mutations of the PDGFRα instead of c-Kit.

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  • Helicobacter pylori, which persistently colonizes the stomachs of ~50% of the world's human population, is the main risk factor for peptic ulceration (Chap. 287) as well as for gastric adenocarcinoma and gastric MALT (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma (Chap. 87). Treatment for H. pylori has revolutionized the management of peptic ulcer disease, providing a permanent cure in many cases. The prevention of H. pylori colonization could potentially represent primary prevention of gastric malignancy and peptic ulceration.

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  • Disordered gut sensorimotor function also commonly causes nausea and vomiting. Gastroparesis is defined as a delay in emptying of food from the stomach and occurs after vagotomy, with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, with mesenteric vascular insufficiency, or in systemic diseases such as diabetes, scleroderma, and amyloidosis. Idiopathic gastroparesis occurring in the absence of systemic illness may follow a viral prodrome, suggesting an infectious etiology.

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  • Safrol is a natural product, and presents especially in Sassafras oil with 80% abundance. Sassafras oil has been used for long time for treatment of some diseases such as influenza, trouble digestion, stomach and arthritis [1]. Otherwise, Sassafras oil was also used in food and cosmetic industries. Some derivatives of safrol such as heliotropin is a precious perfume used widely in cosmetic industry. Heliotropin was prepared by oxidation of isosafrol [2, 3].

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  • Drinking and driving: It doesn’t take much alcohol to impair a person’s ability to drive. The chances of being killed in a single-vehicle crash are increased at a blood alcohol level that a 140-lb. woman would reach after having one drink on an empty stomach. Medication interactions: Alcohol can interact with a wide variety of medicines, both prescription and over-the-counter. Alcohol can reduce the effectiveness of some medications, and it can combine with other medications to cause or increase side effects.

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  • Nitrate, the most common form of nitrogen in surface and groundwater, is directly toxic to human health. In- fants who drink water with high nitrate levels can develop an acute, life-threatening blood disorder called blue baby syndrome. high nitrate levels in water can also affect thyroid function in adults and increase the risk of thyroid cancer. Phosphorus stimulates explosive blooms of aquatic algae, including the especially dangerous cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that produce toxins that can be deadly to pets, livestock, wildlife – and people.

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