CÁC BỆNH LÂY TRUYỀN BẰNG ĐƯỜNG SINH DỤC THÔNG THƯỜNG NHẤT Tỷ lệ mắc bệnh thật sự của hầu hết các bệnh lây truyền bằng đường sinh dục (sexually transmitted diseases) không được biết rõ bởi vì không phải tất cả các trường hợp đều được báo cáo. Nhìn toàn bộ, người ta ước tính rằng các bệnh lây truyền bằng đường sinh dục ảnh hưởng lên khoảng 12 triệu người ở Hoa Kỳ mỗi năm.
Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) gây ra những thiệt hại to lớn về
kinh tế đồi với ngành chăn nuôi heo vì nó làm tăng tỉ lệ chết và gây
ra những rối loạn sinh sản ở heo (Pensaert and Kluge, 1989). Vì thế
cần có một phương pháp chẩn đoán nhanh sự vấy nhiễm của ADV
trong các bầy đàn để kiểm soát một cách hiệu quả sự lây nhiễm của
bênh bằng cách cách ly và loại bỏ các đàn gia súc nhiễm nhằm làm
giảm những thiệt hại về kinh tế mà ADV đã gây ra....
Food safety and foodborne diseases are topics of global concern. Food safety
encompasses many areas, including pesticide and antibiotic residues, the presence
of mycotoxins and foodborne pathogens, and all aspects of food production
and preparation. Many issues associated with these topics are common to all
countries. Decisions must be made by each nation to determine priority areas
that should be addressed to ensure the health of its citizens.
Thyroid and parathyroid diseases are among the most frequent conditions we have to
deal with in a clinical setting. Both nodular and autoimmune diseases affecting these
glands have increased remarkably over the past decades. The widespread use of crosssectional
imaging and the introduction of neck ultrasonography have led to a thyroid
nodule epidemics and the diagnostic of neck lesions in half of the population.
Consequently, many patients with microscopic papillary thyroid cancers of uncertain
clinical significance are submitted to surgeries that may, perhaps, be unnecessary....
Infectious diseases continue to represent a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in the
critical care unit. Infectious diseases maintain their preeminence in the critical care unit setting
because of their frequency and importance in the critical unit patient population.
Since the first edition of Infectious Diseases in Critical Care Medicine, there have been newly
described infectious diseases to be considered in differential diagnosis, and new antimicrobial
agents have been added to the therapeutic armamentarium.
This comprehensive volume covers the major viral, bacterial and fungal diseases in fi n- and
shellfi shes. It completes the three-volume series on fi sh diseases and disorders; Volume I
(published in 1995) is on parasitic diseases in fi n- and shellfi shes while Volume II (published
in 1998) deals with non-infectious disorders in fi nfi sh. Reviews in the three volumes
are written by international authorities that are actively working in the area or have contributed
greatly to our understanding of specifi c piscine diseases or disorders.
Therapy of Selected Diseases
crease in arteriolar resistance, ensuring adequate myocardial perfusion. During exercise, further dilation of arterioles is impossible. As a result, there is ischemia associated with pain. Pharmacological agents that act to dilate arterioles would thus be inappropriate because at rest they may divert blood from underperfused into healthy vascular regions on account of redundant arteriolar dilation. The resulting “steal effect” could provoke an anginal attack. (3) The intramyocardial pressure, i.e., systolic squeeze, compresses the capillary bed.
Inflammatory bowel disease research is changing.
Progress in defining and treating these diseases is advancing
in lock step with the furious pace of technological
advances that continue to refine the tools of discovery.
With sequencing of the entire genome completed, genetics
research is providing direction for molecular and immunological
in vivo and in vitro investigation, which in
turn directs the development of targeted therapeutics.
Tham khảo sách 'respiratory disease and infection - a new insight http edited by bassam h. mahboub and mayank vats', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 4. Screening and Prevention of Disease
Screening and Prevention of Disease: Introduction
A primary goal of health care is to prevent disease or to detect it early enough that intervention will be more effective. Strategies for disease screening and prevention are driven by evidence that testing and intervention are practical and effective. Currently most screening tests are readily available and inexpensive. Examples include tests that are biochemical (e.g., cholesterol, glucose), physiologic (e.g., blood pressure, growth curves), radiologic (e.g.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 54. Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease
Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease: Introduction
It is now a generally accepted concept in medicine that the skin can show signs of internal disease. Therefore, in textbooks of medicine one finds a chapter describing in detail the major systemic disorders that can be identified by cutaneous signs. The underlying assumption of such a chapter is that the clinician has been able to identify the disorder in the patient and needs only to read about it in the textbook.
In a Global scenario, economically progressive nations have developed medical
sciences. But still it lacks precise information during the enhancement of potent drugs
to combat ailment, which is the legacy of the organisms that generate diseases. Rising
countries had long been perceived the threat, which at times, down the lane has been
the major factor for magnanimous economic disaster and human poverty. Lot of
resources was put into force by the world community to abscond the microbial fauna
and genetically inherited diseases to contain them within the safe limits.
The epidemiology of infectious diseases is one of the great triumphs of applied
ecology. In particular, the public health importance of parasites has
lead to a large literature, exploring their impact on the population dynamics,
population genetics and evolutionary biology of human populations. An
important milestone was the Dahlem Conference on population biology of infectious
diseases, held in 1981. The resulting book (Anderson and May 1982)
lucidly summarised the contemporary state of parasite ecology and epidemiology.
In writing An Atlas of Parkinson’s Disease and
Related Disorders, I have been conscious of the
need to find an appropriate match between the
text and the illustrative material. The text is
designed to provide a basic overview of the conditions
discussed, inevitably concentrating on those
areas which lend themselves best to photographic
illustration. Some movement disorders, by their
very nature, do not lend themselves to still
photography whereas others, characterized by
sustained postures, are ideally suited to the technique.
Cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, strokes and diseases of other arteries, is a major
cause of early death and disability. For many years the major markers of disease risk have been well recognised:
these include high blood cholesterol levels and smoking. But it has also been recognised that these markers do
not account for all cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, treatments that are highly effective in altering these
markers, for instance the ‘statin’ drugs used to lower cholesterol, do not remove risk entirely: typically they
reduce it by about 30% or less.
Tham khảo sách 'thyroid and parathyroid diseases – new insights into some old and some new issues edited by laura sterian ward', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Liver Metabolism and Fatty Liver Disease addresses the current understanding of the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease as well as the clinical aspects of the disease by examining the current knowledge surrounding metabolism in the liver. The book discusses various topics including the involvement of oxidative stress, metabolic effects, and inflammation as well as the effect of nutrition on the development and progression of the disease.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 32. Oral Manifestations of Disease
Oral Manifestations of Disease: Introduction
As primary care physicians and consultants, internists are often asked to evaluate patients with disease of the oral soft tissues, teeth, and pharynx. Knowledge of the oral milieu and its unique structures is necessary to guide preventive services and recognize oral manifestations of local or systemic disease (Chap. e7).
Diagnosis and Treatment by Clinical State
The disease continuum—from the appearance of a preneoplastic and invasive lesion localized to the prostate, to a metastatic lesion that results in symptoms and, ultimately, mortality from prostate cancer—can span decades. Management at all points is centered on competing risks that are defined by considering the disease as a series of clinical states (Fig. 91-1).