Xem 1-20 trên 326 kết quả Disorders related
  • A two-volume set designed for allied health students, patients, and the general public. The collection of alphabetically arranged entries covers rare and well-known neurological disorders, related medications and drug classes, patient and caregiver support, as well as background articles on the brain and nervous system anatomy"--

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  • A two-volume set designed for allied health students, patients, and the general public. The collection of alphabetically arranged entries covers rare and well-known neurological disorders, related medications and drug classes, patient and caregiver support, as well as background articles on the brain and nervous system anatomy"--

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  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), like hepatitis C and HIV, is a disease of our generation. Mostly unrecognized prior to 1980 and seldom taken seriously until the past few years, NAFLD has seemingly been thrust upon us unexpectantly like an orphaned child left at our clinical bedside. In fact, NAFLD was conceived during the industrial revolution, which caused food to be processed differently, provided that food more abundantly and made physical work less demanding.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 106. Plasma Cell Disorders Plasma Cell Disorders: Introduction The plasma cell disorders are monoclonal neoplasms related to each other by virtue of their development from common progenitors in the B lymphocyte lineage. Multiple myeloma, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, primary amyloidosis (Chap. 324), and the heavy chain diseases comprise this group and may be designated by a variety of synonyms such as monoclonal gammopathies, paraproteinemias, plasma cell dyscrasias, and dysproteinemias.

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  • As for the fi rst edition of this volume, the chapters comprise comprehensive discussions of the some of the major non-infectious disorders of fi nfi sh. It is the second volume of a threevolume series on fi sh diseases and disorders; Volume 1 deals with parasitic diseases and Volume 3 with microbial diseases. Reviews in the three volumes are written by leading international authorities who are actively working in the area or who have contributed greatly to our understanding of specifi c diseases or disorders....

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  • In writing An Atlas of Parkinson’s Disease and Related Disorders, I have been conscious of the need to find an appropriate match between the text and the illustrative material. The text is designed to provide a basic overview of the conditions discussed, inevitably concentrating on those areas which lend themselves best to photographic illustration. Some movement disorders, by their very nature, do not lend themselves to still photography whereas others, characterized by sustained postures, are ideally suited to the technique.

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  • After a diabetes-related LEA has been reported to be as low as 28% to 31% (169, 170). Persons with renal failure or more proximal levels of amputation have a poor prognosis and higher mortality rate. Those who undergo a diabetesrelated amputation have a 40% to 50 % chance of undergoing a contralateral amputation within 2 years (36, 171, 172). ASSESSMENT OF THE DIABETIC FOOT (Pathway 1) The pedal manifestations of diabetes are well documented and potentially limb-threatening when left untreated.

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  • Anemia occurs in ~80% of myeloma patients. It is usually normocytic and normochromic and related both to the replacement of normal marrow by expanding tumor cells and to the inhibition of hematopoiesis by factors made by the tumor. In addition, mild hemolysis may contribute to the anemia. A larger than expected fraction of patients may have megaloblastic anemia due to either folate or vitamin B12 deficiency. Granulocytopenia and thrombocytopenia are very rare.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 30. Disorders of Smell, Taste, and Hearing Smell The sense of smell determines the flavor and palatability of food and drink and serves, along with the trigeminal system, as a monitor of inhaled chemicals, including dangerous substances such as natural gas, smoke, and air pollutants. Olfactory dysfunction affects ~1% of people under age 60 and more than half of the population beyond this age. Definitions Smell is the perception of odor by the nose. Taste is the perception of salty, sweet, sour, or bitter by the tongue.

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  • Among all the clinical indications for which radiologists, nuclear medicine physicians, neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychiatrists (and others examining disorders of the brain) order and read brain PET scans, demand is greatest for those pertaining to dementia and related disorders. This demand is driven by the sheer prevalence of those conditions, coupled with the fact that the differential diagnosis for causes of cognitive impairment is wide and often difficult to distinguish clinically.

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  • Senescence is a biological process that causes a progressive deterioration of structure and function of all organs chronologically. Recent studies have revealed the detailed molecular mechanisms of senescence using cell culture system and experimental organisms. It is thought that senescence is a potential cause for the development of various age-related disorders such as cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders.

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  • Sick! Diseases and Disorders, Injuries and Infections presents the latest information on 140 wide-ranging illnesses, disorders, and injuries. Included are entries on familiar medical problems readers might encounter in daily life, such as acne, asthma, chickenpox, cancer, and learning disorders. Some rare and fascinating illnesses are covered as well, such as smallpox, hantaviruses, and Creutzfeld Jakob disease (also known as mad cow disease). Entries are arranged alphabetically across the four-volume set and generally range from three to eight pages in length.

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  • The Parietofrontal Network for Spatial Orientation: Neglect and Related Conditions Hemispatial Neglect Adaptive orientation to significant events within the extrapersonal space is subserved by a large-scale network containing three major cortical components. The cingulate cortex provides access to a limbic-motivational mapping of the extrapersonal space, the posterior parietal cortex to a sensorimotor representation of salient extrapersonal events, and the frontal eye fields to motor strategies for attentional behaviors (Fig. 27-2).

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  • Psychophysiologic Insomnia Persistent psychophysiologic insomnia is a behavioral disorder in which patients are preoccupied with a perceived inability to sleep adequately at night. This sleep disorder begins like any other acute insomnia; however, the poor sleep habits and sleep-related anxiety ("insomnia phobia") persist long after the initial incident. Such patients become hyperaroused by their own efforts to sleep or by the sleep environment, and the insomnia becomes a conditioned or learned response.

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  • Specific questioning about the occurrence of sleep episodes during normal waking hours, both intentional and unintentional, is necessary to determine the extent of the adverse effects of sleepiness on a patient's daytime function. Specific areas to be addressed include the occurrence of inadvertent sleep episodes while driving or in other safety-related settings, sleepiness while at work or school (and the relationship of sleepiness to work and school performance), and the effect of sleepiness on social and family life.

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  • Parasomnias The term parasomnia refers to abnormal behaviors or experiences that arise from or occur during sleep. A continuum of parasomnias arise from NREM sleep, from brief confusional arousals to sleepwalking and night terrors. The presenting complaint is usually related to the behavior itself, but the parasomnias can disturb sleep continuity or lead to mild impairments in daytime alertness. Two main parasomnias occur in REM sleep: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), which will be described below, and nightmare disorder.

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  • Shift-Work Disorder: Treatment Caffeine is frequently used to promote wakefulness. However, it cannot forestall sleep indefinitely, and it does not shield users from sleep-related performance lapses. Postural changes, exercise, and strategic placement of nap opportunities can sometimes temporarily reduce the risk of fatigue-related performance lapses. Properly timed exposure to bright light can facilitate rapid adaptation to night-shift work. While many techniques (e.g.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 51. Menstrual Disorders and Pelvic Pain Menstrual Disorders and Pelvic Pain: Introduction Menstrual dysfunction can signal an underlying abnormality that may have long-term health consequences. Although frequent or prolonged bleeding usually prompts a woman to seek medical attention, infrequent or absent bleeding may seem less troubling, and the patient may not bring it to the attention of the physician. Thus, a focused menstrual history is a critical part of every female patient encounter.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 102. Aplastic Anemia, Myelodysplasia, and Related Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes Aplastic Anemia, Myelodysplasia, and Related Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes: Introduction The hypoproliferative anemias are normochromic, normocytic or macrocytic and are characterized by a low reticulocyte count. Deficient production of RBCs occurs with marrow damage and dysfunction, which may be secondary to infection, inflammation, and cancer.

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  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura: Treatment The treatment of ITP utilizes drugs that decrease reticuloendothelial uptake of the antibody-bound platelet and/or decrease antibody production. However, the diagnosis of ITP does not necessarily mean that treatment must be instituted. Patients with platelet counts 30,000/µL appear not to have increased mortality related to the thrombocytopenia.

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