The Review takes an international perspective. Climate change is global in its
causes and consequences, and international collective action will be critical in driving
an effective, efficient and equitable response on the scale required. This response
will require deeper international co-operation in many areas - most notably in creating
price signals and markets for carbon, spurring technology research, development
and deployment, and promoting adaptation, particularly for developing countries. ...
The general picture is that older people of today are healthier than older people
of two decades ago. There have been improvements in most dimensions of health.
People live longer and have fewer disabilities, have less functioning loss, and
report themselves to be in better health. Over time there has been some reduction
in risk from smoking and a lowering of cholesterol and average triglyceride levels.
However, weight increase has been notable during this period.
Targeting fuel refiners and importers: influencing fuel supply. Measures to influence
fuel supply might involve subsidies and transfers for research, development and deployment, or
regulations and standards for fuel quality. Such standards are most effective when they regulate
performance criteria, rather than fuel composition per se.
Targeting developers and planners: influencing the built environment. Urban form
and design can influence how long average trips taken in urban areas need to be, and what modes
of transport are viable.
The task force has launched a series of consultations with representatives of the farm
and energy sectors, as well as leading environmental organizations, that aims to reach
final decisions on the type of biofuels, as well as government funding, by year-end,
At present, fuel tax exonerations on the existing biofuels production cost the government
[Euros] 180 million ($221 million) annually, while EU farm subsidies are estimated at
nearly double this amount.
The entire format, name, route and length of your event depends solely on what you want to achieve.
You’re in charge of how complex or simple you want to make it. There are masses of different types of
walking event, ranging from fun walks and sponsored charity walks, to courses with measured
distances and long distance challenges.
A promoted walking event can be very attractive to people who are unused to walking or to exploring
the countryside, since they know they can’t get lost, they can go at their own pace, they may meet new
friends, learn more...
This report is intended as a review of the transport sector’s contribution to local and
global air pollution, and presents strategic and tactical methods of combating the problem in an
environment of sustainable development and economic growth. The report examines the origins
of–and damages due to–air pollution from transport, assesses the underlying causes, surveys the
principal strategic approaches that are being applied to the problem, and examines the various
mechanisms of intervention available.
It asks that the reader become a participant in a process that requires reading and
analysing each initiative using different theoretical lenses. Each «experience» is organised
around a theme, a learning objective, a description of an actual natural resource
management and communication initiative, and one or two theoretical lenses through
which to analyse the initiative. As you work through each «experience», you will be asked
questions about the theory and change principles and how they relate to the initiative.
According to Coppock (1994) under pastoralist management conditions, age at first
calving is about four years of age. At Abernossa ranch in Ethiopia, weight and age at
puberty in heifers were found to be about 155 kg and 22 months, respectively. Calving
rate under a single-sire mating system was also improved to above 80% (Azage 1989),
compared to about 45% under pastoral management conditions (Coppock 1994). These
results would therefore indicate the improvement that could be achieved through proper
selection scheme and better management....
The ASRM meeting produced evidence that the current oversight of ART could be
improved by the addition of insurance coverage for infertility treatments. Such
coverage could promote the most medically appropriate procedures and reduce the
incidence of multiple births with their accompanying risks and costs. Insurance
coverage for infertility could also strengthen existing oversight and quality
controls by requiring adherence to ASRM guidelines or performance of ART
procedures only at clinics subject to SART standards.
Although the studies differ in population coverage, sample design, method
and periodicity of measurement, use of proxies, and treatment of nonresponse and
missing data, the authors conclude that most analyses using data from the post-
1980 period show declines in the percentage with moderate disability and IADL
disability. These declines have been shown to vary by gender (18, 47) and level of
education (18); and they also differ between the young-old and the old-old (19).
Generally, there is more improvement in less-severe disability....
Tham khảo tài liệu 'health supportive design in elderly care homes: ∗ swedish examples and their implication to korean counterparts', y tế - sức khoẻ, sức khỏe người cao tuổi phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Lean Thinking Brings Powerful Financial Incentives to Resource Conservation and Pollution
Prevention Improvement. Pollution prevention adherents often advocate a “pollution prevention
pays” theme to promote more sustainable production behavior. As well, pollution prevention
guidance encourages facilities to examine the total costs of polluting behavior to ensure investment
decisions are fairly and completely evaluated. This “Total Cost Assessment” approach, according
to advocates, can produce a strong business case (e.g.
Daily or thrice-weekly interactions with patients for directly observed treatment
offer many opportunities for health education. At every visit, health workers need
to show a welcoming and supportive attitude so that patients will be willing to
return for the next treatment.
Patient education is very important in the intensive phase of treatment. However, it
is vital to a successful treatment outcome that patient education be an ongoing
process throughout the duration of treatment.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) early implementation of its nationwide
managed health care program, TRICARE, is progressing consistent with
congressional and DOD goals despite initial problems with marketing,
beneficiary education, and computer system compatibility. However, the
success of DOD's current effirts to implement resource-sharing agreements
and utilization management is critical to containing health care costs. DOD
also needs to gather certain enrollment and performance data so that it and
the Congress can assess TRICARE's success in the future....
DNA mutations that are seen in cancers happen during life rather than having been
inherited. These mutations may result from exposure to radiation or carcinogens (cancer-
causing chemicals). But most of these mutations happen for no apparent reason.
The DNA mutations that cause tumors in people with the genetic syndromes discussed in
the previous section have been identified. Overall though, these rarely cause adrenal
A similar effort may well be in order
targeting the gay and bisexual men who are
most at risk, particularly those who are living
with HIV. Further research is needed to
determine the prevalence and incidence of
ASIL in the general population of gay and
bisexual men outside of major urban centers.
Programs are needed to train colposcopists
in the skills of identifying and biopsying
ASIL; training of colorectal surgeons is
needed to optimize identification and treat-
ment of ASIL.
The Congress well understood the difficulty of predicting specific outcomes when it passed Truth in Lending. Rather than suggesting that the purpose of the act was to change markets or consumer behavior in some precise manner, the Congress instead stated less specifically that the act's intent was to improve information conditions generally so that consumers could avoid being "uninformed.
Ducks have several advantages over other poultry species, in particular their disease tolerance.
They are hardy, excellent foragers and easy to herd, particularly in wetlands where they tend to
flock together. In Asia, most duck production is closely associated with wetland rice farming,
particularly in the humid and subtropics. An added advantage is that ducks normally lay most of
their eggs within the three hours after sunrise (compared with five hours for chickens). This
makes it possible for ducks to freely range in the rice fields by day, while being confined by
It is thought that between a third and a half of all medicines1
long-term conditions are not taken as recommended. If the prescription is
appropriate, then this may represent a loss to patients, the healthcare system
and society. The costs are both personal and economic.
Adherence presumes an agreement between prescriber and patient about the
prescriber’s recommendations. Adherence to medicines is defined as the
extent to which the patient’s action matches the agreed recommendations.
Indigenous peoples regard all products of the human mind and heart as interrelated
within Indigenous knowledge. They assert that all knowledge flows from the same
source: the relationships between global flux that needs to be renewed, the people’s
kinship with the spirit world. Since the ultimate source of knowledge is the
changing ecosystem itself, art and science of a specific people manifest these
relationships and can be considered as manifestations of people’s knowledge as a
whole (Battiste and Henderson, 2000: 43). ...