Disposal environments

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  • Private landowners or Federal Agencies responsible for cleaning up radiological environments are faced with the challenge of clearly defining the nature and extent of radiological contamination, implementing remedial alternatives, then statistically verifying that cleanup objectives have been met.

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  • Municipal waste consists of everyday items that we use and then throw away, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries, which comes from our homes, schools, hospitals, and businesses. Industrial hazardous waste is waste from industrial practices that causes a threat to human or environmental health. As waste generation increases with population expansion and industrialization, waste disposal has become a global challenge for both the developed and developing countries....

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  • The Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is responsible for cleaning up radioactive waste and environmental contamination resulting from five decades of nuclear weapons production and testing. A major focus of this program involves the retrieval, processing, and immobilization of waste into stable, solid waste forms for disposal. This report, which was requested by DOE-EM, examines requirements for waste form technology and performance in the cleanup program.

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  • On average, one ton of hazardous waste per person is generated annually by industries in the United States. Before the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1984, hazardous wastes were improperly disposed of into the environment without any regulation. As a result, remediation of these contaminated sites and management of the ongoing hazardous waste sources are two major tasks to be achieved by treatment technologies.

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  • Major oil spills attract the attention of the public and the media. In recent years, this attention has created a global awareness of the risks of oil spills and the damage they do to the environment. However, oil is a necessity in our industrial society, and a major sustainer of our lifestyle. Most of the energy used in Canada and the United States is for transportation that runs on oil and petroleum products. According to trends in energy usage, this is not likely to decrease much in the future.

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  • During my career, some 35 years, there has been a growing realization that the goal of successful nuclear waste management and the final disposal of long-lived radionuclides can only be attained by a thorough understanding of the behavior of key, technogenic radionuclides in the environment. Within a nuclear reactor, these radionuclides are created by fission, neutron capture and subsequent beta-decay reactions on actinides, mainly 238 U, and by activation nuclear reactions.

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  • Landfills are excavated or engineered sites where non-liquid hazardous waste is deposited for final disposal and covered. These units are selected and designed to minimize the chance of release of hazardous waste into the environment. Design standards for hazardous waste landfills require a double liner; double leachate collection and removal systems (LCRS); leak detection system; run on, runoff, and wind dispersal controls; construction quality assurance (CQA) program. Liquid wastes may not be placed in a hazardous waste landfill.

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  • Today there is not a single aspect of the world that can escape the scrutiny of environmental analysis, and business activities stand at the crux of many issues. Some of the issues that today’s executives need to understand to be environmentally literate include: air, water, and land pollution; the production and disposal of hazardous wastes; solid waste disposal; chemical and nuclear spills and accidents; global warming and the greenhouse effect; ozone depletion; deforestation and desertification; biodiversity, and overpopulation.

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  • Ennore Creek becomes the pollution point in Bay of Bengal which influences the marine resources and productivity of the region. This coastal belt in the neighboring areas of the city is viewed as dumping sites for industrial effluents and disposing domestic waste (Arunagiri et al., 1998). The natural wealth of the creek is now being eroded to mere sewage channel (Jayaprakash, 2003). The Ennore Thermal Power Plant uses the river waters as coolant and lets out the warm water, in the Ennore Creek.

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  • Steel mills that recycle scrap metal face a similar incidental emissions problem. North American automobile manufacturers have used hundreds of thousands of kilograms of mercury in vehicle switches and other applications, such as headlights. Much of this mercury enters the atmosphere when the scrapped cars are melted down to make new steel, while some of it contaminates the ground in the yards where the cars are crushed or shredded. Nearly all of the mercury found in cars enters the environment.

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  • Robots are used extensively in industrial engineering. They allow businesses to save money on labor, perform tasks that are either too dangerous or too precise for humans to perform them economically, and to ensure better quality. Many companies employ assembly lines of robots,especially in Automotive Industries and some factories are so robotized that they can run by themselves. Outside the factory, robots have been employed in bomb disposal, space exploration, and many other fields. Robots are also sold for various residential applications, from recreation to domestic applications....

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  • The study will contribute to the field of both economic and environment study as it will provide empirical basis to support or negate the EKC phenomenon for Asian countries. The empirical study will result in a quantitative association between income and environment pollution levels, particularly the relationship of income with three widely monitored air pollutants: PM-10, SO2 and NO2.

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  • Although “interactive” skills, such as effective communication and the ability to work well with others, have not traditionally been studied, nor perhaps valued, by educators, there is growing awareness of their importance for adult success.

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  • The prospects for household spending depend to a significant extent on how the jobs situation evolves. But the pace of spending will also depend on the progress that households make in repairing their financial positions. Among the most notable results to emerge from the recent revision of the U.S. national income data is that, in recent quarters, household saving has been higher than we thought--averaging near 6 percent of disposable income rather than 4 percent, as the earlier data showed.

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  • There are different types of sanitization for each type of media. We have divided media sanitization into four categories: disposal, clearing, purging and destroying. Disposal exists where media are just tossed out with no special disposition given to them. Some media can be simply disposed if information disclosure would have no impact on organizational mission, would not result in damage to organizational assets, would not result in financial loss or would not result in harm to any individuals.

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  • Theconstituentsofsoil—namelymineral,organicmatter,water,air,etc.—playanimportantrole inprovidingtherightenvironmentforplantgrowth.Theorganicmatterofthesoilhasthemost important role to play, as it is primarily responsible for making the soil loose and porous, therebypreventingpackingofmineralsandaidsinaerationandpenetrationbywater.Alsothe organicmatterof thesoil improves thewaterretentioncapabilityof thesoil toagreatextent.

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  • Poverty-environment linkages take different forms in rural and urban contexts. In rural areas, critical issues relate to access to natural resources such as land, forests, or fisheries and their sustainable use. In urban zones, the poverty-environment agenda centres on questions relating to the use of natural resources such as water or air as sinks for the disposal of human and industrial wastes, and their impact on the poor.

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  • Loan rates can be separated into two major components – the interest rate paid to depositors and the rate added on by banks. That difference between the deposit rate and the loan rate is commonly referred to as the spread. The size of banking spreads serves as an indicator of efficiency in the financial sector because it reflects the costs of intermediation that banks incur (including normal profits).

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  • I’m especially proud that, in January, DreamWorks Animation was again named to Fortune Magazine’s annual list of “100 Best Companies to Work For,” rank- ing # 14. This marks the fourth consecutive year that we have been named to the list. It is one of our core management beliefs that great creative work can only happen in a great creative environment. This environ- ment, in turn, helps us attract and retain some of the most gifted artists in the world. The Company has also ranked among MIT Technology Review’s “50 Most Innovative Companies in 2012.

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  • The goal of the National Drug Policy is to provide right drugs to the right patients in the right quantity at the right time and affordable prices. The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOH&SW) has been making effort to achieve this goal through various ways including receiving donations from various donors during emergency situation or as development aid. Unfortunately, there have been no official guidelines to assist the donors and recipients on Good Donation Practices.

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