Estimating the results of legislative proposals to expand health insurance coverage is challenging, partly because there is so little empirical evidence concerning individual people’s responsiveness to health insurance mandates. Since 2007, adults in Massachusetts have been required to have health insurance or face penalties for noncompliance, but it may be too soon to infer the effect of mandates from that experience. Moreover, that experience itself could be unique to Massachusetts.
Landfills are excavated or engineered sites where non-liquid hazardous waste is deposited for final disposal and covered. These units are selected and designed to minimize the chance of release of hazardous waste into the environment. Design standards for hazardous waste landfills require a double liner; double leachate collection and removal systems (LCRS); leak detection system; run on, runoff, and wind dispersal controls; construction quality assurance (CQA) program. Liquid wastes may not be placed in a hazardous waste landfill.
The Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is
responsible for cleaning up radioactive waste and environmental contamination resulting from
five decades of nuclear weapons production and testing. A major focus of this program involves
the retrieval, processing, and immobilization of waste into stable, solid waste forms for disposal.
This report, which was requested by DOE-EM, examines requirements for waste form
technology and performance in the cleanup program.
In order to maintain economic development and minimize future regional and
international conflicts, the United States will need sustainable supplies of high-quality fresh water. Solutions to local water scarcity issues will likely require a combination of approaches, including demand management, improved water storage capacity, water
quality protection, and advancements in supply-enhancing water treatment technologies. Desalination technologies can create new sources of freshwater from otherwise impaired waters such as seawater or brackish water.
Engineered barriers to isolate potentially harmful waste
from humans and ecosystems have been used for over 35
years, and much has been written about them and their constituent
components. However, few reports have provided an
overall assessment of the performance of engineered barrier
systems. The last broad assessment was conducted in 1995
(Rumer and Mitchell, 1995). Since that time, new materials
and sensor technologies have been introduced and models to
predict contaminant transport have improved.
Customer loyalty is of utmost importance to apparel and footwear manufacturers, who would do almost
anything to attract new customers while trying to keep existing customers. “In a market that bombards consumers
with advertising campaigns and lifestyle and fashion messages, a brand name is a powerful weapon in these efforts”
(Wagle). Brand names are becoming increasingly important to consumers as disposable income and the amount of
time consumers are able to shop around is slowly diminishing.
The parts from popular older models often are collectively worth more than the
intact vehicle. Many of these stolen cars end up in “chop shops,” where they are
disassembled for parts sold to unscrupulous or unsuspecting repair shops or parts
dealers. Some stolen vehicles are sold on the export market. Older, “classic”
American cars are among those most valued overseas.
It is estimated that at least 10 percent of automobile theft is a false report of a stolen
car; that is, the vehicle has been given up or disposed of to pursue a fraudulent
insurance claim. Some...
Generally, alcohol consumption declines with age and the proportion of non-drinkers
increases. The reasons for this decline in consumption are presumably connected to
changes in life circumstances and attitudes and, in the later middle aged and older,
growing ill health.
There is evidence that today’s population of elderly people may be relatively heavier
drinkers than previous generations.
In August 1997 the US FDA made significant changes in the regulations for broadcast DTCA of prescription drugs. Prior to 1997 DTCA had to include the entire brief prescribing information which meant that about 30 seconds out of a 60 second advertisement would consist of fine print scrolling across the screen. In 1997 the FDA dropped this requirement and said that DTCA had to mention the major side-effects, and also provide other ways that consumers could get more information about the drug (e.g. give a web site, a 1-800 number or refer to a print ad for the same product...
The second question requires that we build an understanding of how the policy
instrument effects production and productive efficiency. Our approach is similar to
recent stochastic frontier analyses with panel data (Cornwell et al. (1990), Kumbhakar
(1990)), which allow intercepts and some coefficients of the production function to vary
between firms and over time.
We did not identify any prospective cohort studies, which would be the strongest study
design to assess this question of risk. Consequently, our conclusions are tempered by the limited
available evidence. Based on these data, gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable band seem
to confer minimal if any risk for nutrient problems, as long as maternal nutrition is maintained.
Although the responsible pathogenic mechanism(s) still remain in-
completely deﬁned, methods for optimal prevention and manage-
ment have changed during the past ﬁfteen years (5–8). To make this
information available to physicians and public health authorities,
WHO convened this expert consultation to both update and to ex-
pand the 1988 document. RF and RHD remain to be conquered, but
until that can be accomplished, optimal methods of prevention and
management are required. The recommendations in this document
are based upon current medical literature.
The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (BAPCPA) requires that debtors filing for bankruptcy whose monthly income exceeds the median income for their household size in their state use the IRS expense standards rather than their current expenses to calculate their monthly disposable income (MDI).
We now turn to the potential benefits of having a more accurate estimate of Chemical
A's true cost. As described above, this requires knowledge of the firm's ability to change its
actions in response to better information. If the disposal cost X of Chemical A is revealed to
be significant, how might the firm respond? This is a question that hinges primarily on the
firm's technological options and the availability of substitute inputs. Substitutes can take a
variety of forms.
QUY CHUẨN KỸ THUẬT QUỐC GIA QCVN 01- 41:2011/BNNPTNT
VỀ YÊU CẦU XỬ LÝ VỆ SINH ĐỐI VỚI VIỆC TIÊU HỦY ĐỘNG VẬT VÀ SẢN PHẨM ĐỘNG VẬT National Technical Regulation for treatment requirements on veterinary hygieneon of the disposal of animals and animal products . Lời nói đầu QCVN 01 - 41: 2011/BNNPTNT do Cục Thú y biên soạn, Vụ Khoa học, Công Nghệ và Môi trường trình duyệt và được ban hành theo Thông tư số 33 /2011/TT-BNNPTNT ngày 6 tháng 5 năm 2011 của Bộ Nông Nghiệp và Phát triển Nông Thôn. ...
The Chemical Weapons Convention requires, among other things, that the signatories to the convention--which includes the United States--destroy by April 29, 2007, or as soon possible thereafter, any chemical warfare materiel that has been recovered from sites where it has been buried once discovered. For several years the United States and several other countries have been developing and using technologies to dispose of this non-stockpile materiel. To determine whether international efforts have resulted in technologies that would benefit the U.S. program, the U.S.
About 155,000 cubic meters of waste contaminated with both radioactive isotopes and hazardous chemicals are stored at some 30 DOE sites, and another 450,000 cubic meters are buried. While DOE is making a concerted effort to properly dispose of this waste, the amount translates to a multi-decade effort that will require handling, characterizing, and shipping hundreds of thousands of waste containers at a total cost of billions of dollars. This report describes basic scientific research that can lead to new technologies for performing these tasks more safely and cost effectively....
Because film projectors are mechanically open, they permit dust, dirt
and even hair to enter the light path. These cast shadows that can be painfully
obvious. Because digital projectors are generally sealed, clarity is enhanced.
Simplicity. Film prints require complex chemical manufacturing as well as costly
printing, packaging and shipping to cinemas. This consumes valuable resources
and requires disposal of chemical by-products and the prints themselves after
the theatrical run.
Needles: Standard disposable 22-24 gauge 1-1½-inch needles are used for plain FNAC.
The length and caliber of the needle should fit the size, depth, location and the consistency
of the target. For small subcutaneous lesions, one-inch 23-gauge needle is ideal while for a
deep-seated breast lesion, longer and larger needle is required. Finer needles are also
recommended for children, and for vascular organs like thyroid.
Syringes: Standard disposable plastic syringes of 10ml are used. Syringe should be of good
quality and should produce good negative pressure.