Disruptive technologies

Xem 1-20 trên 33 kết quả Disruptive technologies
  • Technological innovations are key causal agents of surprise and disruption. These innovations, and the disruption they produce, have the potential to affect people and societies and therefore government policy, especially policy related to national security. Because the innovations can come from many sectors, they are difficult to predict and prepare for. The purpose of predicting technology is to minimize or eliminate this surprise.

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  • The term "peer-to-peer" has come to be applied to networks that expect end users to contribute their own files, computing time, or other resources to some shared project. Even more interesting than the systems' technical underpinnings are their socially disruptive potential: in various ways they return content, choice, and control to ordinary users.

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  • Some organic pest management strategies include using crop rotations that disrupt the pest life cycle, improving soil quality, practicing good sanitation, using optimum planting densities, timing planting and transplanting operations to avoid high pest populations, employing biological control, and growing resistant varieties. Approved pesticides that have been listed in the grower’s OSP can be used in organic production, but should be used as judiciously and as specific to the pest organism as possible.

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  • The detection of pharmaceutical residues remained elusive until instruments such as liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry became commonplace in environmental laboratories. The documentation of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting chemicals in water resources has raused questions about their long-term effects in the ecosystem and their potential effects on human health.

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  • Both small and large enterprise campuses require a highly available and secure, intelligent network infrastructure to support business solutions such as voice, video, wireless, and mission-critical data applications. To provide such a reliable network infrastructure, the overall system of components that make up the campus must minimize disruptions caused by component failures.

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  • The need for Business Intelligence (BI) solutions and data analysis has always existed, and so have different approaches to fulfill this need. Traditional BI software has heavily relied on techniques that have been around and persisted through the decades, but newer technologies have emerged in recent times that have proven to be more flexible and, therefore, more adequate for the evolving environment in which they are used. QlikView is an example of this kind of disruptive technology, a kind of software that changes the rules of the game. QlikView is different; that's a fact.

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  • Delivering Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) services is a promising scenario for many cable operators. Unlike circuit-switched telephony, VoIP offers new opportunities for advanced and differentiated services, such as real-time call management, integrated messaging, interactive logs and ubiquitous call notification. While VoIP seems promising, it’s also daunting. VoIP is a disruptive technology that’s being fueled by a rapidly growing and highly competitive broadband market. Its success in international call traffic shows its potential for challenging existing business models.

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  • Carbon  sectors  is  forecast  to  exceed  growth  in  the more  established  Environmental  sector, where  many technologies (for example in Water and Waste Treatment) are already mature.   The Renewable Energy and Emerging Low Carbon sectors currently show a much flatter growth than  previously  forecast  for  the  period  2012  to  2015.  It  is  anticipated  that  as  economic  uncertainty  is  reduced and investment funds start to flow, these growth forecasts will rise once again.

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  • Environmental challenges act as a spur to invention and innovation. R&D will continue to be important  as  companies and  investors  seek disruptive  technology  solutions  that  can  change  the economics of,  and rewards from, new environmental products or processes. Significant private and public funds have  already been established, many of which are still  investing despite  the current economic slowdown.  The short‐term challenge is to ensure that these funds continue to flow and to sustain future growth.

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  • Some examples of metabolic inhibitors are the inhibitors of multi-function oxidases, carbohydrate and amino-acid metabolism inhibitors, and chitin-synthesis inhibitors (Krieger, 2001). The neurotoxins act through acetylcholinesterase, the neurotoxin that affects ion permeability, intervening in the nerve receptors of insects (Haynes, 1988), killing the arthropod by disrupting the membrane integrity (Gill et al, 1992). The main groups of insecticides can be studied using the following classification: neurotoxins, insect growth regulators, cellular respiration inhibitors, and others....

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  • The World is confronted with a plethora of potentially disruptive technologies – some, such as nanotechnology, will inevitably challenge our cherished social, economic and industrial stability over the next two decades. Rational design and manufacture of materials properties through nanostructure control will profoundly affect the food we eat, the sources of water and power we use, our health services, our national security, housing, transportation, etc. Precisely what will be the ultimate effect of these disruptions is still unclear.

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  • New product developm ent has a long his tory in marketi ng incl udi ng research on cus tom er preferences (Green and Wind 1975, Green and Sri ni vas an 1990, S ri nivas an and S hocker 1973), product pos it ioning and s egmentati on (C urrim 1981, Green and Kri eger 1989a, 1989b, Green and R ao 1972, Haus er and Koppel m an 1979), product forecas ti ng (Bass 1969, J am i es on and Bas s 1989, Kalwani and S i lk 1982, Mahaj an and Wind 1986, 1988, M cF adden 1970,...

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  • Modern communication tools such as the Internet provide a relatively inexpensive, accessible, easy-entry means of sharing ideas, information, and pictures around the world. In a political and human rights context, in closed societies when the more established, formal news media is denied access to or does not report on specified news events, the Internet has become an alternative source of media, and sometimes a means to organize politically.

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  • Hydraulic fracturing is an industrial process used to extract fossil fuel reserves that lie deep underground. With the introduction of horizontal drilling, new commercial sources of energy have become available. Wells are drilled and injected with large quantities of water mixed with specially selected chemicals at high pressures that allow petroleum reserves to flow to the surface. While the increased economic activities and the outputs of domestic energy are welcomed, there is growing concern over negative environmental impacts from horizontal drilling in shale formations.

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  • The word spoilers comes from the idea that the structures disrupt or spoil the natural flow of air over the car. Technically spoilers and wings are different, although they are lumped together here. Wings are aerodynamic devices whose purpose is to move air. In airplanes they push air downward so the plane has lift. In cars, wings are upside down so they push the car down to give it better traction. 30 A F I E L D G U I D E TO A U TO M OT I V E T E C H N O LO G Y Race cars have them over

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  • New product developm ent has a long his tory in marketi ng incl udi ng research on cus tom er preferences (Green and Wind 1975, Green and Sri ni vas an 1990, S ri nivas an and S hocker 1973), product pos it ioning and s egmentati on (C urrim 1981, Green and Kri eger 1989a, 1989b, Green and R ao 1972, Haus er and Koppel m an 1979), product forecas ti ng (Bass 1969, J am i es on and Bas s 1989, Kalwani and S i lk 1982, Mahaj an and Wind 1986, 1988, M cF adden 1970, Morri s on 1979), and tes t m arket ing (Urban...

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  • Synthetic chemicals known as endocrine disruptors are an excellent example of emerging contaminants where the threats and consequences for water quality, human health, and the environment are still not fully understood. Endocrine disruptors – chemicals that can interfere with hormone action – have been identified among chemicals used in agriculture, industry, and households, and for personal care, including pesticides, disinfectants, plastic additives, and pharmaceuticals like birth control pills.

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  • Exceptions to the recommended criteria may arise in various circumstances. These include cases where equipment has to be assessed that when installed was compliant with safety and performance standards that predate the criteria/suspension levels presented here. In such cases, the equipment must be reassessed according to the criteria of this report including the risk assessment. Following that, the MPE must make a recommendation to the holder.

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  • This paper’s focus is the pulp and paper industry, narrowly defined. The paper does not deal with broader sustainability issues regarding paper production and use, and also does not consider for ‘disruptive’ forms of innovation, such as innovations in the nanotech- nology and biotechnology sectors which are looking for alternatives to wood based pa- per. Prior to addressing the main question of this study, the next section of this paper exam- ines technical and environmental change in the pulp and paper sector in more detail. ...

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  • The cylinder is cooled so that, when it is heated by friction, the midpoint of the high and low temperatures will be at room temperature. In the first half of the experiment, therefore, heat will be transferred from the room air into the cooler cylinder. As the cylinder heats beyond room temperature though, heat will be transferred out of the cylinder back into the room atmosphere. By letting the change in cylinder temperature be symmetrical about the room temperature, the quantity of heat transferred to and from the cylinder and room should be approximately equal.

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