The wide geographical distribution of the rice
plant ( Oryza sativa L.) and its long history of
cultivation in Asian countries have led to the development
of a great diversity of varietal types.
Similarly, workers in various rice-growing countries
use different terms to designate identical
morphological and physiological characters, agronomic
traits, gene symbols, and cultural practices.
Whereas varietal diversity in germ plasm is desired
in rice breeding, variations in nomenclature hinder
scientific communication among the workers.
Strengthening functioning systems to improve health outcomes will, in some cases, require new ways of thinking about
health investments and greater dialogue with partner countries about constraints and opportunities.
Globalization wrote: “...the speed by which your latest invention can be made obsolete or turned into a
commodity is now lightening quick. Therefore, only the paranoid, only those who are constantly looking
over their shoulders to see who is creating something new that will destroy them and then staying just one
step ahead of them, will survive.
The increasing number of countries for which a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) has been compiled
testifies to the usefulness of this integrated data framework. Considerable resources are always
involved in the construction of a SAM, for it provides a comprehensive description of an economy
with emphasis on distributive aspects. This means that, unlike other data systems, incomes and
expenditures of several categories of households and their relation to the production structure, the
balance of payments and transactions by other institutions are shown.
In the longer run, the service sector is expected to continue ex-
panding faster than the overall economy, i.e. the share of the service
sector in overall employment will increase. Our baseline scenario for
regional office employment does not forecast any big shifts in the
regional distribution of the industries. Based on population size and
the concentration of services, Istanbul is and will remain by far the
largest office market in the country, with the market’s importance as
a gateway between Europe and Asia continuing to increase.
This Report illustrates the vigorous efforts being
undertaken by many developing countries to catch up
with their more developed partners in the dissemination
and use of ICT. However, it also shows that the
gaps are still far too wide and the catching-up far too
uneven for the promise of a truly global information
society, with its attendant benefits for sustainable
social and economic development, to materialize without the sustained engagement of national Governments, the business sector and civil society, and the tangible solidarity of the international community...
For maternal mortality progress has been even more elusive. Despite 15 years of the
Safe Motherhood Initiative, overall levels of maternal mortality are generally thought to have
remained unchanged, with the latest estimate of deaths standing at approximately 530,000 per
year (WHO, UNICEF et al. 2003). While a handful of countries have indeed experienced
remarkable drops in maternal mortality ratio (an indicator of the safety of childbirth and
pregnancy), in the great majority of high mortality countries, there has been little change.
In practice, empirical work on multidimensional indicators of well-being jux-
taposes several indicators of well-being either by studying the uni-dimensional
(also called the marginal) distributions of each independently or, alternatively, by
aggregating somewhat arbitrarily the set of well-being indicators into a single one.
In order to compare well-being using both income and health indicators, this pa-
per proceeds instead by using two sets of relatively weak measurement conditions
that are sequentially applied to the measurement system.
According to the 2010 Status Report on Prevention and Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage and Pre-
Eclampsia/Eclampsia, misoprostol reportedly is on national EMLs in 61 percent of the 31 countries surveyed by
USAID/MCHIP, although approved uses do not consistently include postpartum hemorrhage prevention or treatment.
In industrialized countries, distribution systems deliver electricity literally
everywhere, taking power generated at many locations and delivering it to
end users. Generation, transmission, and distribution — of these big three
components of the electricity infrastructure, the distribution system gets the
least attention. Yet, it is often the most critical component in terms of its
effect on reliability and quality of service, cost of electricity, and aesthetic
(mainly visual) impacts on society....
This book can be used as a general handbook for applying electrical engineering to the oil, gas and
petrochemical industries. The contents have been developed from a series of lectures on electrical
power systems, given to oil company staff and university students, in various countries. The author
has condensed many years of his knowledge and practical experience into the book.
This work addresses a policy initiative by the Federal Administration to apply United States
Department of Energy (DOE) research to broadening the country’s domestic production of
economic, flexible, and secure sources of energy fuels. President Bush stated in his 2006 State of
the Union Address: “America is addicted to oil.
Our knowledge partner Value Partners, a leading global management
consultancy firm with strong experience in telecom and media, and the staff at
Dubai Press Club have worked together to make the report as comprehensive
and accurate as possible. In addition to relying on primary and secondary
research on the subject, we have also interviewed representatives of over
125 media organizations from the countries covered. The report has been
particularly enriched through the incorporation of interview findings that played
an important role in getting direct industry feedback.
The distribution of this Prospectus and the offering of the Shares may be restricted in certain jurisdictions. It is the responsibility of any
persons in possession of this Prospectus and any persons wishing to apply for Shares to inform themselves of, and to observe, all
applicable laws and regulations of any relevant jurisdictions. Prospective applicants for Shares should inform themselves as to legal
requirements so applying and any applicable exchange control regulations and taxes in the countries of their respective citizenship,
residence or domicile.
We build a two-country general equilibrium model of exchange rates that features two
roles for nontraded goods: as ¯nal consumption and as an input into the production of ¯nal
tradable goods (retail services). In addition to retail services, ¯nal tradable goods require
the use of local and imported intermediate traded inputs. Intermediate traded goods and
nontraded goods are produced using local labor and capital services. Thus, our model has
an input-output structure (as in Obstfeld, 2001), where the output of some sectors is used
as an input to the production of ¯nal goods.
Turkey’s per capita GDP is catching up and in purchasing power
parity had reached 30% of the EU-27 average in 2006. The
distribution of this income is very broad, both across households
and across regions. The average household income in the city of
Trabzon in the north-east of Turkey was only 30% of the country
average (2003) whereas incomes in Ankara and Istanbul were 65%
and 85% higher than the average.
U.S. Census projects the total population in 2030 will be 364 million, an increase of
approximately 30 percent from the year 2000. Just in size alone (an increase of 83 million), the
country will look quite different in a relatively short period of time – i.e., approximately one
generation. The shifting age distribution of households will further change the shape of the
nation. It is, therefore, the growth rate and changing composition of the population that will be
driving housing consumption over the coming 25 years.
Beginning in 2006, the first Baby Boomer cohort will...
Under certain conditions, lichen floristic and community analyses can be used in conjunction with
measured levels of ambient or depositional pollutants accumulated by lichens to detect effects of changing
air quality on vegetation. This information can demonstrate whether air pollutants cause undesirable
changes in species composition or presence/absence of lichen species within terrestrial plant communities.
It is important that any alternative hypotheses (e.g.
Despite attempts to secure harrnonisation of accounting practice, significant variations in
accounting rules and practice continue to arise in European countries, variations which give
rise to compliance costs for multinational companies.
Firstly, this paper considers the relevance of international accounting harmonisation for
European business. It then proceeds to examine accounting regulation in three countries:
Spain, Sweden and Austria, highlighting the key regulatory issues of the 'true and fair' view
requirement and the link between taxation and accounting.