Domain reasoning

Xem 1-20 trên 34 kết quả Domain reasoning
  • Learning by Reading (LbR) aims at enabling machines to acquire knowledge from and reason about textual input. This requires knowledge about the domain structure (such as entities, classes, and actions) in order to do inference. We present a method to infer this implicit knowledge from unlabeled text. Unlike previous approaches, we use automatically extracted classes with a probability distribution over entities to allow for context-sensitive labeling.

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  • We illustrate how the use of metaphorical views for reasoning with metaphor requires the mapping of information such as event shape, event rate and mental/emotional states from the source domain to the target domain. Such mappings are domain-independent and can be implemented by means of rules we call View Neutral Mapping Adjuncts (VNMAs). We give a list of the main VNMAs that appear to be required, and show how they can be incorporated into a pre-existing system (ATT-Meta) for metaphorical reasoning. ...

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  • A prerequisite to a theory of the way agents understand speech acts is a theory of how their beliefs and intentions are revised as a consequence of events. This process of attitude revision is an interesting domain for the application of nonmonotonic reasoning because speech acts have a conventional aspect that is readily represented by defaults, but that interacts with an agent's beliefs and intentions in many complex ways that may override the defaults.

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  • This module presents the design points to consider when planning a multipledomain structure. Included are strategies for assessing the need for multiple domains, and reasons for maintaining a single-domain structure. The module briefly examines the Kerberos V5 protocol security process and how it affects trust relationships within a multiple-domain structure. The module also examines how those trust relationships affect design.

    pdf30p thuyvan 12-08-2009 82 20   Download

  • This book is a compilation of some selected articles devoted to the analysis and control of vibrations. Vibrations are a phenomenon found in many engineering systems; their harmful effects are translated into low performance, noise, energy misspend, discomfort and system breakdown, among others. These are the reasons why, in the last years, researchers have made great efforts in seeking ways to eliminate them totally or partially.

    pdf290p greengrass304 15-09-2012 34 15   Download

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  • This book is based on publications from the ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Multi-Modal Dialogue in Mobile Environments held at Kloster Irsee, Germany, in 2002. The workshop covered various aspects of development and evaluation of spoken multimodal dialogue systems and components with particular emphasis on mobile environments, and discussed the state-ofthe- art within this area. On the development side the major aspects addressed include speech recognition, dialogue management, multimodal output generation, system architectures, full applications, and user interface issues.

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  • It is important to recognize that risk-taking is an integral part of many financial institutions’ business models. This is a crucial difference to some domains that we have examined. Also, we are well aware that outside domains may not provide ready guidance to all aspects of financial services (see Appendix). This report concentrates on stylized patterns and lessons that are potentially transferable to the financial sector while acknowledging that no domain is perfect at managing risk or indeed fully comparable to financial services.

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  • The disclosure table is the heart of the prototype. It addresses two of the questions: “How do we ensure that consumers can understand the information about financial sharing policies and their personal information?” and “How do we ensure that consumers can compare sharing practices across financial institutions?” At the simplest level, the disclosure table shows what the individual financial institution is sharing, especially through the yes/no columns.

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  • The domain of web services is an emerging technology due to the growing demand of application-to-application communication and interoperability. The reason for its popularity is because of its flexible nature, since it exhibits itself as a standard interface which is not only platform-independent but technology independent as well. We'll talk more about this later.

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  • Decision support systems (DSS) have evolved over the past four decades from theoretical concepts into real world computerized applications. DSS architecture contains three key components: a knowledge base, a computerized model, and a user interface. DSS simulate cognitive decision-making functions of humans based on artificial intelligence methodologies (including expert systems, data mining, machine learning, connectionism, logistical reasoning, etc.) in order to perform decision support functions.

    pdf420p bi_bi1 11-07-2012 55 27   Download

  • Argumentation has been traditionally the domain of rhetorics and logics, rather than linguistics. Since Aristotle’s time, scholars have studied how ideas are organized in different ways to make an argument. Aristotle was the first person who realized two main constituent of an argument, a Position, and its Justification. Later on Ad Herennium (862BC) expanded the argumentation structure to include five parts: a proposition, a reason, a proof of the reason, an embellishment and a resume.

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  • Power engineering is truly one of the main pillars of the electricity-driven modern civilization. And over the years, power engineering has also been amultidisciplinary field in terms of numerous applications of different subjects. This ranges from linear algebra, electronics, signal processing to artificial intelligence including recent trends like bio-inspired computation, lateral computing and the like.

    pdf383p aries23 29-09-2012 50 17   Download

  • This lab exercise focuses on the basics of IP subnet masks and their use with TCP/IP networks. The subnet mask can be used to split up an existing network into subnetworks, or subnets. Some of the primary reasons for subnetting are the following: • Reduce the size of the broadcast domains, which creates smaller networks with less traffic • Allow LANs in different geographical locations to communicate through routers • Provide improved security by separating one LAN from another Routers separate subnets, and determine when a packet can go from one subnet to another.

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  • Most of us spend a good part of our days either reading or writing, so it is surprising that the psychological study of these processes is a relative late comer. The investigation of learning processes began with memorizing lists of nonsense syllables and running rats down mazes, not with what we do everyday—reading all kinds of things. The study of thinking started with puzzles of various kinds, not with the kind of inferences that are made in reading. The reason is, of course, obvious: Investigators were put off by the daunting complexity of studying discourse comprehension.

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  • On its surface, James Flaherty’s book looks to be a how-to text for a rapidly emerging set of disciplines and practices called Coaching. Don’t be misled. This book is a lot more than that, although you can read it for no other reason, and it will help you improve your practices as a coach (or as a coachee, a customer of coaching). Not long ago, coaching meant training athletes, performers, and students. Recently, the use of the term has been extended into the worlds of management, leadership, entrepreneurship, and performance in other domains of life....

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  • The ARIES methodology is based on explicit conceptualizations (ontologies: Villa, Athanasiadis et al. 2009) that lay out first of all a novel vision of ES, based on the breakdown into individual benefits, each of which is modeled independently, then linked to the others. Domain ontologies in ARIES result from a large-scale expert consensus. Artificial intelligence techniques (machine reasoning, pattern recognition) examine source data and extract from the ontologies models that best represent the situation at hand.

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  • The domain is secondary to our agenda: our main goal is not to build a learning system for furniture design. Rather, flat-pack furniture design provides a test case for system development to investigate design critiquing. It is an interesting domain where students encounter many structural and spatial design issues as they make stable furniture out of flat materials. For this reason, furniture making is often used as an early exercise for first-year design and architecture students.

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  • Financial capability involves knowledge and skills, but attempts to improve these may not lead to better outcomes. What people choose to know and what they do with their knowledge may primarily depend on their intrinsic psychological attributes. Behavioural economics has identified a collection of deep seated cognitive biases that influence decisions in both financial and non-financial contexts. There is considerable evidence that these factors are present, though how widespread they are remains controversial.

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  • Hungarian is a stereotype of morphologically rich and non-configurational languages. Here, we introduce results on dependency parsing of Hungarian that employ a 80K, multi-domain, fully manually annotated corpus, the Szeged Dependency Treebank. We show that the results achieved by state-of-the-art data-driven parsers on Hungarian and English (which is at the other end of the configurational-nonconfigurational spectrum) are quite similar to each other in terms of attachment scores.

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